Kelly A Hirko, Darek R Lucas, Dorothy R Pathak, Ann S Hamilton, Lydia M Post, Ugonna Ihenacho, Nicole Bohme Carnegie, Richard T Houang, Kendra Schwartz, Ellen M Velie
PURPOSE: The role of alcohol in young-onset breast cancer (YOBC) is unclear. We examined associations between lifetime alcohol consumption and YOBC in the Young Women's Health History Study, a population-based case-control study of breast cancer among Non-Hispanic Black and White women < 50 years of age. METHODS: Breast cancer cases (n = 1,812) were diagnosed in the Metropolitan Detroit and Los Angeles County SEER registry areas, 2010-2015...
October 3, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Katherine C Fitch, Christine G T Nguyen, Cirila Estela Vasquez Guzman, Rebecca S Holmes, Amanda S Bruegl
PURPOSE: American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations experience significantly higher incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer. The objective of this systematic scoping review is to characterize the volume and nature of research being conducted specific to the AI/AN population regarding cervical cancer and related clinical themes. METHODS: This scoping review was conducted in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest Evidence-based Practice Center. Search strategies identified eligible publications from 1990 through 4 February 2022...
October 3, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Shabane Barot, Petri Rantanen, Caroline Nordenvall, Ulrik Lindforss, Åsa Hallqvist Everhov, Susanna C Larsson, Annika Lindblom, Annelie Liljegren
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is associated with modifiable lifestyle factors including smoking, physical inactivity, Western diet, and excess body weight. The impact of lifestyle factors on survival is less known. A cohort study was conducted to investigate the combined effects of a healthy lifestyle and body mass index on prognosis following CRC diagnosis. METHODS: Treatment and follow-up data were collected from the patient files of 1098 participants from the Colorectal cancer low-risk study cohort including stage I-III CRC patients...
October 2, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
David Haynes, Kelly D Hughes, Maria Borrero, McKenna Haas, Lauren Roach, Anne Blaes
Since its inception in 1991, the mission of the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program's (NBCCEDP) mission is to improve access to mammography. This program has demonstrated evidence showing that it has improved breast cancer screening rates for women who are uninsured and underinsured. However, the literature has shown that NBCCEDP screenings are decreasing, and only reach a portion of eligible women. Reliable estimates at the sub-county level are needed to identify and reach eligible women...
September 29, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Norma B Bulamu, Gang Chen, Ellen McGrane, Charles Cock, Graeme P Young, Erin L Symonds
PURPOSE: To compare the sensitivity and discriminant validity of generic and cancer-specific measures for assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for individuals undergoing diagnostic or surveillance colonoscopy for colorectal cancer. METHODS: HRQoL was assessed using EQ-5D-5L (generic), and EORTC QLQ-C30 (cancer-specific) scales, 14 days after (baseline) and one-year following colonoscopy (follow-up). Utility scores were calculated by mapping EORTC-QLQ-C30 onto QLU-C10D...
September 25, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Joseph Atarere, Christopher Haas, Ted Akhiwu, Thilini Delungahawatta, Ashik Pokharel, Comfort Adewunmi, Eugene Annor, Vwaire Orhurhu, Jasmine Barrow
BACKGROUND: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) and CRC-related mortality among young adults (< 50 years) has been on the rise. The American Cancer Society (ACS) reduced the CRC screening age to 45 in 2018. Few studies have examined the barriers to CRC screening among young adults. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using data from 7,505 adults aged 45-75 years who completed the 2018 to 2020 Health Information National Trends Survey. We examined the sociodemographic characteristics associated with CRC screening overall and by age group using separate multivariable logistic regression models...
September 22, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Seungyoun Jung, Sarah Silva, Cher M Dallal, Erin LeBlanc, Kenneth Paris, John Shepherd, Linda G Snetselaar, Linda Van Horn, Yuji Zhang, Joanne F Dorgan
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Breast density is an established risk factor for breast cancer. However, little is known about metabolic influences on breast density phenotypes. We conducted untargeted serum metabolomics analyses to identify metabolic signatures associated with breast density phenotypes among young women. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 173 young women aged 25-29 who participated in the Dietary Intervention Study in Children 2006 Follow-up Study, 449 metabolites were measured in fasting serum samples using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
September 22, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Debbe Thompson, Chishinga Callender, Jayna M Dave, Maria L Jibaja-Weiss, Jane R Montealegre
PURPOSE: Describe the method for conducting community-engaged research to identify needed changes for an existing evidence-based intervention, and prepare it for implementation in a community setting within the Dan L Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center catchment area in an effort to achieve more equitable outcomes in diet-related disease risk factors. METHODS: The intervention, Family Eats, was developed over 10 years ago. It works directly with parents of Black/African American 9-12 year old children to create a healthy home food environment to support prevention of obesity and related cancers...
September 22, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Alexandra-Cristina Paunescu, Cyrille Delpierre, Guillemette Jacob, Lidia Delrieu, Myriam Pannard, Marie Préau, Marina Kvaskoff
PURPOSE: Acting on modifiable risk factors can prevent approximately 40% of cancers. Knowing the factors that lead people to adopt healthy behaviors is crucial for designing effective primary prevention campaigns. Our study attempts to provide knowledge in this direction. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted via the Seintinelles collaborative research platform in a community of women without a personal cancer history, and volunteering to take online questionnaires...
September 21, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Krithiga Shridhar, Manigreeva Krishnatreya, Ranjit Kumar, Dimple Kondal, Mouchumee Bhattacharyya, Banti Kalita, Prakriti Snehil, Amulya K Singh, Amal Chandra Kataki, Ashok Ghosh, D Prabhakaran, Poornima Prabhakaran, Preet K Dhillon
PURPOSE: Gallbladder cancers (GBC), unique to certain geographical regions, are lethal digestive tract cancers, disproportionately affecting women, with limited information on risk factors. METHODS: We evaluated the association between household cooking fuel and GBC risk in a hospital-based case-control study conducted in the North-East and East Indian states of Assam and Bihar. We explored the potential mediation by diet, fire-vents, 'daily exposure duration' and parity (among women)...
September 21, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Meghan C O'Leary, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Daniel S Reuland, Alison T Brenner, Alexis A Moore, Shana Ratner, Sarah A Birken, Stephanie B Wheeler
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to assess acceptability of using process flow diagrams (or process maps) depicting a previously implemented evidence-based intervention (EBI) to inform the implementation of similar interventions in new settings. METHODS: We developed three different versions of process maps, each visualizing the implementation of the same multicomponent colorectal cancer (CRC) screening EBI in community health centers but including varying levels of detail about how it was implemented...
September 21, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Emily Bilenduke, Shacoria Anderson, Alison Brenner, Jessica Currier, Jan M Eberth, Jaron King, Stephanie R Land, Betsy C Risendal, Jackilen Shannon, Leeann N Siegel, Mary Wangen, Austin R Waters, Whitney E Zahnd, Jamie L Studts
PURPOSE: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, but the advent of lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography offers a tremendous opportunity to improve lung cancer outcomes. Unfortunately, implementation of lung cancer screening has been hampered by substantial barriers and remains suboptimal. Specifically, the commentary emphasizes the intersectionality of smoking history and several important sociodemographic characteristics and identities that should inform lung cancer screening outreach and engagement efforts, including socioeconomic considerations (e...
September 15, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Jorge N Ruiz Lopez, Grace E McNeil, Gary Zirpoli, Julie R Palmer, Yachana Kataria, Kimberly A Bertrand
PURPOSE: Risk factors for monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the asymptomatic precursor to multiple myeloma, are largely unknown. We hypothesized that low vitamin D levels might be associated with higher MGUS prevalence in a national cohort of U.S. Black women. METHODS: We screened archived serum samples (collected 2014-2017) from 3896 randomly selected participants in the Black Women's Health Study ages 50-79 for evidence of MGUS; samples had been assayed for 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] shortly after blood draw...
September 14, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Inkoo Lee, Yi Luo, Henry Carretta, Gabrielle LeBlanc, Debajyoti Sinha, George Rust
PURPOSE: We built Bayesian Network (BN) models to explain roles of different patient-specific factors affecting racial differences in breast cancer stage at diagnosis, and to identify healthcare related factors that can be intervened to reduce racial health disparities. METHODS: We studied women age 67-74 with initial diagnosis of breast cancer during 2006-2014 in the National Cancer Institute's SEER-Medicare dataset. Our models included four measured variables (tumor grade, hormone receptor status, screening utilization and biopsy delay) expressed through two latent pathways-a tumor biology path, and health-care access/utilization path...
September 13, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Fabiola Ramirez, Hannah Riva, Biai Digbeu, Michelle Samaniego, Lorena Fernandez, Sara Mansour, Rebecca Vasquez, David S Lopez, Jessica Chacon
PURPOSE: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma is rising, and Melanoma related deaths are highest among people aged 65-74. Herein, we aim to understand the impact of novel and established melanoma treatment methods on CM related mortality and all-cause mortality. We further compared these effects among Hispanic and non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). METHODS: The data was extracted from the Texas Cancer Registry from 2007 to 2017. A Cox Proportional Hazard regression analysis was performed to assess treatment effect on melanoma mortality and all-cause mortality, with race-ethnicity as an effect modifier...
September 13, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Claire Delacôte, Juan Manuel Ariza, Solenne Delacour-Billon, Stéphanie Ayrault-Piault, Giulio Borghi, Katia Menanteau, Aurélie Bouron, Magali Métais, Anne Cowppli-Bony, Florence Molinié
PURPOSE: Low socioeconomic background (SB) has been associated with lower breast cancer (BC) incidence and higher BC mortality. One explanation of this paradox is the higher frequency of advanced BC observed in deprived women. However, it is still unclear if SB affects similarly BC incidence. This study investigated the link between SB and early/advanced BC incidence from Loire-Atlantique/Vendee Cancer registry data (France). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen thousand three hundred fifty three women living in the geographic area covered by the registry and diagnosed with a primary BC in 2008-2015 were included...
September 11, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Thomas Lawler, Lisa Parlato, Shaneda Warren Andersen
PURPOSE: African Americans have the highest colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality of all racial groups in the USA, which may relate to differences in healthcare access or advanced stage at diagnosis. Recent evidence indicates that differences in tumor characteristics may also underlie disparities in mortality. To highlight recent findings and areas for investigation, we completed the first systematic review of racial disparities in CRC tumor prognostic markers, including clinicopathological markers, microsatellite instability (MSI), oncogene mutations, and novel markers, including cancer stem cells and immune markers...
September 9, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Jingjing Qian, Bang Truong, Kaniz Afroz Tanni
PURPOSE: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends use of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) and aromatase inhibitors (AIs) for breast cancer (BC) prevention. We examined factors associated with adherence to SERMs/AI treatments among female Medicare beneficiaries in Alabama and those nationwide. METHODS: This retrospective new user cohort study analyzed the 2013-2016 Medicare administrative claims data files (100% Alabama and random 5% national samples)...
September 8, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Angel Arizpe, Stephanie Navarro, Carol Y Ochoa-Dominguez, Claudia Rodriguez, Sue E Kim, Albert J Farias
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess whether nativity differences in socioeconomic (SES) barriers and health literacy were associated with healthcare delays among US cancer survivors. METHODS: "All of Us" survey data were analyzed among adult participants ever diagnosed with cancer. A binary measure of healthcare delay (1+ delays versus no delays) was created. Health literacy was assessed using the Brief Health Literacy Screen. A composite measure of SES barriers (education, employment, housing, income, and insurance statuses) was created as 0, 1, 2, or 3+...
September 7, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Simin Chen, Debbie L Bennett, Graham A Colditz, Shu Jiang
PURPOSE: Accurate pectoral muscle removal is critical in mammographic breast density estimation and many other computer-aided algorithms. We propose a novel approach to remove pectoral muscles form mediolateral oblique (MLO) view mammograms and compare accuracy and computational efficiency with existing method (Libra). METHODS: A pectoral muscle identification pipeline was developed. The image is first binarized to enhance contrast and then the Canny algorithm was applied for edge detection...
September 7, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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