Shoshana Adler Jaffe, Kendal Jacobson, Amy W Farnbach Pearson, Lila A Baca, Nina Dimauro, Miria Kano
INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic created new challenges for cancer patients and caregivers. Little is known about the confluence of the pandemic and people with multiple marginalized identities, such as those in the Sexual and Gender Minority (SGM) community. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods pilot study using semi-structured interviews to elicit experiences of cancer among a diverse population of SGM patients and caregivers and a matched set of cisgender heterosexual (cishet) individuals...
May 5, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
David Haynes, Kelly Hughes, McKenna Haas, Gay Lynn Richards, Benita Robinson
INTRODUCTION: Nationally, women of African heritage die at higher rates from breast cancer than women of other races or ethnicities. We developed Breast Cancer Champions (BCC) a peer-to-peer education program, which recruited 12 women and deployed them into the community in August 2020 during the height of the COVID pandemic. BCC aims to improve breast cancer screening rates for women of African heritage through peer-to-peer education, which has proven successful for addressing cancer-related health disparities...
May 3, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Kathryn Demanelis, Margaret Rosenzweig, Linda B Robertson, Carissa A Low, Shayla Daniels, Hiba Abujaradeh, Beth Simon, Dana H Bovbjerg, Brenda Diergaarde
PURPOSE: Disparities in cancer care persist between patients living in rural versus urban areas. The COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted concerns related to care and personal health differently in rural cancer patients. Using survey data collected from cancer patients in western Pennsylvania, we examined pandemic-related distress, concerns related to cancer care, impact on personal health, and the extent to which these differed by urban-rural residence. METHODS: Patients filled out an initial survey in August-December 2020; a second survey was completed in March 2021...
May 2, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Stephanie C Melkonian, Laura Chen, Melissa A Jim, Donald Haverkamp, Jessica B King
PURPOSE: This study is the first to comprehensively describe incidence rates and trends of screening-amenable cancers (colorectal, lung, female breast, and cervical) among non-Hispanic AI/AN (NH-AI/AN) people. METHODS: Using the United States Cancer Statistics AI/AN Incidence Analytic Database, we, calculated incidence rates for colorectal, lung, female breast, and cervical cancers for NH-AI/AN and non-Hispanic White (NHW) people for the years 2014-2018 combined...
May 1, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Cam Escoffery, Courtney N Petagna, Mary Wangen, Kimberly J Flicker, Samuel B Noblet, Mayank Sakhuja, Cynthia A Thomson, Elaine H Morrato, Swann Adams, Jennifer Leeman, Daniela B Friedman
PURPOSE: A diverse workforce trained in dissemination & implementation (D&I) science is critical for improving cancer outcomes and reducing cancer-related health disparities. This study aims to describe and evaluate impact of the Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network (CPCRN) Scholars Program in preparing scholars for collaborative careers in cancer control and implementation research and practice, and offers evaluation-driven recommendations for program improvements. METHODS: The CPCRN Scholars Workgroup conducted a sequential, mixed methods evaluation...
April 28, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Madison M Wahlen, Ingrid M Lizarraga, Amanda R Kahl, Whitney E Zahnd, Jan M Eberth, Linda Overholser, Natoshia Askelson, Rachel Hirschey, Katherine Yeager, Sarah Nash, Jacklyn M Engelbart, Mary E Charlton
PURPOSE: Despite lack of survival benefit, demand for contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) to treat unilateral breast cancer remains high. High uptake of CPM has been demonstrated in Midwestern rural women. Greater travel distance for surgical treatment is associated with CPM. Our objective was to examine the relationship between rurality and travel distance to surgery with CPM. METHODS: Women diagnosed with stages I-III unilateral breast cancer between 2007 and 2017 were identified using the National Cancer Database...
April 25, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Teofilia Acheampong, Carmen B Rodríguez, Suzanne C O'Neill, Mariangela Agovino, Erica J Lee Argov, Parisa Tehranifar
PURPOSE: Personal aversion to scientific uncertainty may influence how women perceive the benefits of mammography, a breast cancer screening practice with conflicting scientific opinions and guidelines. Such associations may even exist among women who participate in screening. METHODS: We evaluated the distribution of aversion to ambiguous medical information (AA-Med), using a 6-item scale capturing the level of agreement with statements about obtaining a cancer screening test with conflicting medical recommendations in 665 women (aged 40-60 years; 79...
April 21, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
L Myers, M J Ireland, B Viljoen, B Goodwin
PURPOSE: Many people do not participate in mail-out bowel cancer screening programs due to difficulties using the screening kit. The current study investigated the ways the screening kit could be modified to improve usability. METHODS: 1,109 people evaluated 15 different screening kit modifications. Participants reported on how these kit modifications would affect their screening barriers, their future screening intentions, and how much they would recommend that the modification is made to the current screening kit used the program...
April 21, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Megan A Morrell, Tabitha R Willis, Denisha R Brown, Catherine A O'Brian, Sharon L Post, Gayle E Woloschak, Marcelo G Bonini, Tatjana Paunesku, Jelena Popovic, Tarneka M Manning, Candace Henley, Jorge Girotti, Rosemarie Rogers, Carmen Velásquez, José López, Joanne Glenn, Melissa A Simon
Engagement of community participation is an innovative driver of modern research. However, to benefit the communities being studied, it is imperative to continuously evaluate ethical considerations, the relationship dynamic between researchers and community members, and the responsiveness of research teams to the needs and preferences of communities. Northwestern University's Center for Health Equity Transformation founded a community scientist program in 2018 that implemented a study using the Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) model...
April 21, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Alison T Brenner, Austin R Waters, Mary Wangen, Catherine Rohweder, Olufeyisayo Odebunmi, Macary Weck Marciniak, Renée M Ferrari, Stephanie B Wheeler, Parth D Shah
PURPOSE: To assess preferences for design of a pharmacy-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program (PharmFIT™) among screening-eligible adults in the United States (US) and explore the impact of rurality on pharmacy use patterns (e.g., pharmacy type, prescription pick-up preference, service quality rating). METHODS: We conducted a national online survey of non-institutionalized US adults through panels managed by Qualtrics, a survey research company...
April 19, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Youngyo Kim
PURPOSE: The association between meat consumption and the risk of pancreatic cancer has not been comprehensively investigated by different types of meat. The current study was conducted to evaluate this association. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were used to search for prospective cohort studies on meat consumption and pancreatic cancer risk through May 2022. A meta-analysis was performed using random-effects models to combine study-specific relative risks (RR)...
April 18, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Emily Bilenduke, Andrea J Dwyer, Elsa S Staples, Kristin Kilbourn, Patricia A Valverde, Maria E Fernández, Betsy C Risendal
PURPOSE: Community engagement is essential in effective public health programs. This paper illustrates the methods used to engage community in the development of a multi-level implementation intervention to address cancer disparities related to hereditary cancer syndromes. METHODS: Implementation Mapping (IM), was used to guide the co-creation of an intervention. Key partners were recruited to a 13-member statewide community advisory board (CAB) representing healthcare and community-based organizations...
April 18, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Mary Wangen, Cam Escoffery, Maria E Fernandez, Daniela B Friedman, Peggy Hannon, Linda K Ko, Annette E Maxwell, Courtney Petagna, Betsy Risendal, Catherine Rohweder, Jennifer Leeman
PURPOSE: To improve population health, community members need capacity (i.e., knowledge, skills, and tools) to select and implement evidence-based interventions (EBIs) to fit the needs of their local settings. Since 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has funded the national Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network (CPCRN) to accelerate the implementation of cancer prevention and control EBIs in communities. The CPCRN has developed multiple strategies to build community members' capacity to implement EBIs...
April 17, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sheena Yi-Hsin Cheng, Yi-Chiung Hsu, Shih-Ping Cheng
PURPOSE: Thyroid cancer incidence has increased over recent decades with considerable geographic variations in incidence patterns. Here, we analyzed temporal trends in the incidence and mortality rates of thyroid cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: We obtained age-standardized rates at a national level using data from the Taiwan Cancer Registry annual reports from 1995 to 2019. Trends in age-standardized rates were characterized by joinpoint regression analysis. RESULTS: The age-standardized incidence rate of thyroid cancer increased from 3...
April 12, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Trishnee Bhurosy, Amatul Marium, Ibraheem M Karaye, Tammy Chung
PURPOSE: Lung cancer in never-smokers (LCINS) is the seventh leading cause of cancer, and exposure to cooking fumes has recently emerged as a potential risk factor. This systematic review is the first to summarize and evaluate the relationship between exposure to cooking fumes and the risk of LCINS. METHODS: This study conducted an online literature search of PubMed, CINAHL, and PsychInfo databases. Inclusion criteria were original research articles published in English, that assessed the relationship between exposure to cooking fumes and the risk of lung cancer between 1 January 2012 and 6 December 2022, and that included never-smokers...
April 8, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Tiffaney Tran, Morgan A Rousseau, David P Farris, Cici Bauer, Kelly C Nelson, Hung Q Doan
PURPOSE: The social vulnerability index (SVI), developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is a novel composite measure encompassing multiple variables that correspond to key social determinants of health. The objective of this review was to investigate innovative applications of the SVI to oncology research and to employ the framework of the cancer care continuum to elucidate further research opportunities. METHODS: A systematic search for relevant articles was performed in five databases from inception to 13 May 2022...
April 7, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Huda Ahmed, Hasan Mushahid
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths and is the most common type of cancer diagnosed in women. In an attempt to decrease its mortality, screening guidelines recommend mammograms, breast self-examinations, and breast clinical examinations for women above the age of 40. Compliance to these guidelines have been found to be significantly low in Muslim women which has been linked to their perceptions of religious guidelines regarding modesty and fatalism. In order to overcome these barriers and increase screening rates among Muslim women, faith-based intervention has been proven to be effective as it incorporates the use of religious leaders and allows the concerns of women to be addressed directly...
April 6, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Marguerite L Samson, Noah C Peeri, Olusegun Isaac Alatise, Kelli O'Connell, Avinash Sharma, Samson Gbenga Ogunleye, Adewale A Aderounmu, Olalekan Olasehinde, Akinjide Olurotimi Ogundokun, Abiodun Victor Ikujenlola, Adesegun Fatusi, T Peter Kingham, Mengmeng Du
PURPOSE: Cancer burden is rising rapidly in Nigeria, the most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa; this trend may in part be attributable to diet. We developed and validated a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess regional diet in Nigeria. METHODS: We recruited 68 adult participants from rural and urban settings in South West Nigeria. We developed an FFQ administered at baseline and assessed its validity using 3 dietary recalls (baseline, 7 days post baseline, 3 months post baseline)...
March 30, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Ran Zhao, Anna Prizment, Shalini Kulasingam
PURPOSE: To compare human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination initiation and completion between Asian American adolescents and their peers. METHODS: HPV vaccine initiation and completion of adolescents aged 9-17 years old were analyzed using the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey data from 2011 to 2018. The outcomes were HPV vaccine initiation percentage among all adolescents and completion percentage among initiators. Odds ratios for initiation or completion among Hispanics, Blacks, and Asians (referred to as racial/ethnic minorities) versus Whites were compared using logistic regression, adjusted for adolescent's age, annual family income, parent education, and insurance coverage...
March 27, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Jason T Semprini, Caitlin B Biddell, Jan M Eberth, Mary E Charlton, Sarah H Nash, Katherine A Yeager, Donoria Evans, Purnima Madhivanan, Heather M Brandt, Natoshia M Askelson, Aaron T Seaman, Whitney E Zahnd
PURPOSE: By requiring specific measures, cancer endorsements (e.g., accreditations, designations, certifications) promote high-quality cancer care. While 'quality' is the defining feature, less is known about how these endorsements consider equity. Given the inequities in access to high-quality cancer care, we assessed the extent to which equity structures, processes, and outcomes were required for cancer center endorsements. METHODS: We performed a content analysis of medical oncology, radiation oncology, surgical oncology, and research hospital endorsements from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), American Society of Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer (CoC), and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), respectively...
March 20, 2023: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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