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International Journal of Cardiology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31412992/exercise-and-pharmacologic-stress-induced-interlead-t-wave-heterogeneity-analysis-to-detect-clinically-significant-coronary-artery-stenosis
#1
Anderson C Silva, Victor Z de Antonio, Jakub Sroubek, Ernest Gervino, Kalon Ho, Sofia A Medeiros, Fernanda Tessarolo Silva, Giovanna C Pedreira, Fernando G Stocco, Bruce D Nearing, Richard L Verrier
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use of ETT and vasodilator-stress with myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for noninvasive detection of flow-limiting coronary artery disease, there is continued need to improve diagnostic accuracy. We examined whether measurement of interlead T-wave heterogeneity (TWH) during exercise tolerance testing (ETT) or pharmacologic stress testing improves detection of stenoses in large epicardial coronary arteries. METHODS: All 137 patients at our institution who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography within 0 to 5 days after ETT (N = 81) or dipyridamole IV infusion (N = 58) in 2016 were studied, including 2 patients with both tests...
August 7, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31412991/incidental-abnormal-ecg-findings-and-long-term-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-all-cause-mortality-a-population-based-prospective-study
#2
Adam Goldman, Hanoch Hod, Angela Chetrit, Rachel Dankner
BACKGROUND: The additional prognostic value of resting electrocardiogram (ECG) in long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD)-risk-assessment is unclear. We evaluated the association of incidental abnormal ECG findings with long-term CVD-risk and all-cause mortality, and assessed the additional prognostic value of ECG as a screening tool in adults without known CVD. METHODS: A cohort of 2601 Israeli men and women without known CVD were actively followed from 1976 to 1982 for 23-year cumulative CVD-incidence, and until May 2017 for all-cause mortality...
August 7, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31405585/procalcitonin-white-blood-cell-count-and-c-reactive-protein-as-predictors-of-s-aureus-infection-and-mortality-in-infective-endocarditis
#3
Carlo Tascini, Alberto Aimo, Chiara Arzilli, Francesco Sbrana, Andrea Ripoli, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Chiara Bertone, Claudio Passino, Vittorio Attanasio, Emanuela Sozio, Eleonora Taddei, Rita Murri, Massimo Fantoni, Francesco Paciosi, Daniela Francisci, Maria Bruna Pasticci, Carlo Pallotto, Giovanni Di Caprio, Antonio Carozza, Stefano Maffei, Michele Emdin
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is characterized by high rates of in-hospital death, and Staphylococcus aureus infection predicts a worse prognosis. We aimed to assess if admission inflammatory biomarkers (white blood cell - WBC - count, C-reactive protein - CRP, and procalcitonin) are informative on microbiological etiology and short-term outcomes. METHODS: Data from 236 patients admitted for IE from January 2013 to June 2018 were retrieved from a multicenter registry...
August 7, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31405586/heart-rate-response-during-exercise-predicts-exercise-tolerance-in-adults-with-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-and-atrial-switch-operation
#4
Xavier Iriart, Soazig Le Quellenec, Xavier Pillois, Jérémy Jaussaud, Zakaria Jalal, François Roubertie, Hervé Douard, Hubert Cochet, Jean-Benoît Thambo
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between heart rate response and exercise tolerance in adults with systemic right ventricle (sRV) after atrial switch repair for Transposition of the Great Artery (TGA) in addition to other physiological parameters. METHODS: All patients with a sRV after atrial switch repair for TGA followed in our institution between June 2015 and April 2018 who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) were analyzed. Cardiac imaging performed within a six-month time period of the CPET were also collected...
August 6, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31402163/outcomes-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-transvenous-lead-extractions-performed-in-centers-without-onsite-cardiac-surgery
#5
Mohamed O Mohamed, Arnold Greenspon, Tahmeed Contractor, Muhammad Rashid, Chun Shing Kwok, Jessica Potts, Diane Barker, Ashish Patwala, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: While major complications associated with CIED lead extractions are uncommon, they carry a significant risk of morbidity and mortality in the absence of surgical intervention. However, there is limited data on the differences in outcomes of these procedures between centers with and without on-site CS support. The present study examined outcomes of transvenous cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) lead extractions according to admitting hospitals' cardiac surgery (CS) facilities...
August 5, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31409515/high-dose-rosuvastatin-increases-abca1-transporter-in-human-atherosclerotic-plaques-in-a-cholesterol-independent-fashion
#6
Donato Santovito, Pamela Marcantonio, Daniela Mastroiacovo, Lucia Natarelli, Claudia Mandolini, Velia De Nardis, Camilla Paganelli, Domenico De Cesare, Giannapia Affaitati, Maria Adele Giamberardino, Luisa Stellin, Mauro Pinelli, Christian Weber, Giovanni De Blasis, Umberto Occhiuzzi, Marco Bucci, Giovambattista Desideri, Francesco Cipollone
BACKGROUND: ATP-binding cassette A1 (ABCA1) and G1 (ABCG1) mediate cholesterol efflux from lipid-laden macrophages, thus promoting anti-atherosclerotic outcomes. The mechanism(s) linking treatment with statins and ABCA1/ABCG1 in human atherosclerosis are not fully understood and require further investigation. Therefore, we studied whether short-term treatment with low- or high-dose rosuvastatin may affect ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression in human atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS: Seventy patients with severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery were randomized to receive low (10 mg/day) or high (40 mg/day) dose rosuvastatin for 12 weeks before elective endarterectomy...
August 3, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31405582/the-prognostic-value-of-biventricular-long-axis-strain-using-standard-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#7
Fuyao Yang, Jie Wang, Yuancheng Li, Weihao Li, Yuanwei Xu, Ke Wan, Jiayu Sun, Yuchi Han, Yucheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Long axis strain (LAS) is a parameter derived from standard cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. However, the prognostic value of biventricular LAS in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is unknown. METHODS: Patients with HCM (n = 384) and healthy volunteers (n = 150) were included in the study. Left ventricular (LV)-LAS was defined as the percentage change in the length measured from the epicardial border of the LV apex to the midpoint of a line connecting the mitral annulus at end-systole and end-diastole...
August 3, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31402162/reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-association-between-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-atrial-fibrillation
#8
LETTER
Inki Moon, Eue-Keun Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31400889/lateralization-of-the-control-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-function-and-left-atrial-injury-after-selective-right-and-left-insular-stroke
#9
LETTER
Victoria M Jaremek, Shawn Whitehead, Luciano A Sposato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31400887/the-art-of-caring-for-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-face-of-imperfect-data
#10
EDITORIAL
Jonathan N Menachem, Alexander R Opotowsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31402161/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-outcomes-in-mixed-aortic-valve-disease-compared-to-predominant-aortic-stenosis
#11
Behnam Heidari, Mohammed A Al-Hijji, Mohamad A Alkhouli, Alexander Egbe, Garrett Welle, Mackram F Eleid, Mandeep Singh, Rajiv Gulati, Charanjit Rihal, Amir Lerman
BACKGROUND: MAVD, defined as severe aortic stenosis with moderate or severe aortic regurgitation, is frequently encountered in clinical practice. However, the data regarding TAVR outcomes in MAVD are sparse. We compared Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) outcomes between Mixed Aortic Valve Disease (MAVD) and Predominant Aortic Stenosis (PAS) patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent TAVR at Mayo Clinic from February 7, 2012 to December 16, 2016 were enrolled...
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31402160/aortic-valve-replacement-in-intermediate-risk-patients-in-the-international-community-time-to-hop-on-the-tavi-train
#12
EDITORIAL
Abdallah El Sabbagh, Mohammed Al-Hijji, Mohamad Alkhouli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31402159/association-of-left-ventricular-size-with-regional-right-ventricular-mechanics-in-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#13
Daniel Forsha, Ling Li, Navya Joseph, Shelby Kutty, Mark K Friedberg
BACKGROUND: In Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS), RV dysfunction is associated with poor outcomes. However, the effect of varying LV size on regional RV mechanics and outcome has not been studied. METHODS: Twenty newborns (0-7 days) with HLHS had pre-stage 1 and pre-stage 2 echocardiograms prospectively protocoled for strain analysis of the apical 4-chamber view. RV longitudinal strain was analyzed, and LV size was classified as diminutive (no visible LV chamber) or moderate size (visible LV chamber)...
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31402158/trimetazidine-for-stable-and-unstable-ischemic-heart-diseases-and-for-heart-failure-is-its-routine-use-justified-from-available-data
#14
EDITORIAL
Udho Thadani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31402156/cmr-feature-tracking-left-ventricular-strain-rate-predicts-ventricular-tachyarrhythmia-but-not-deterioration-of-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#15
Quint A J Hagdorn, Johan D L Vos, Niek E G Beurskens, Thomas M Gorter, Sophie L Meyer, Joost P van Melle, Rolf M F Berger, Tineke P Willems
BACKGROUND: Myocardial strain has been shown to predict outcome in various cardiovascular diseases, including congenital heart diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) feature-tracking derived strain parameters in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) patients for developing ventricular tachycardia (VT) and deterioration of ventricular function. METHODS: Patients with rTOF who underwent CMR investigation were included...
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31402155/short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-coronary-perforation-managed-by-coil-embolization-a-single-center-experience
#16
Qing Qin, Shufu Chang, Rende Xu, Mingqiang Fu, Lu Chen, Lei Ge, Juying Qian, Jianying Ma, Junbo Ge
BACKGROUND: Coronary perforation is a serious complication in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In this article, we reported the short and long-term outcomes of patients with coronary perforation managed by coil embolization in our center. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 66 patients who had coronary perforation treated by coil embolization during PCI performed in our center from Oct 2012 to June 2018. RESULTS: Of sixty-six cases of coronary perforation, twenty-six cases were distal coronary perforation, while 40 cases were collateral perforation...
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31400888/public-access-automated-external-defibrillator-pad-application-and-favorable-neurological-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-public-locations-a-prospective-population-based-propensity-score-matched-study
#17
Takefumi Kishimori, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Kosuke Kiyohara, Tasuku Matsuyama, Haruka Shida, Chika Nishiyama, Daisuke Kobayashi, Satoe Okabayashi, Tomonari Shimamoto, Sumito Hayashida, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Takashi Kawamura, Taku Iwami
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials or observational studies showed that the use of public-access automated external defibrillator (AED) was effective for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, it is unclear whether public-access AED use is effective for all patients with OHCA irrespective of first documented rhythm. We aimed to evaluate the effect of public-access AED use for OHCA patients considering first documented rhythm (shockable or non-shockable) in public locations...
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31400886/associations-between-family-history-and-coronary-artery-calcium-and-coronary-heart-disease-in-british-europeans-and-south-asians
#18
Jingyi Wang, Therese Tillin, Alun D Hughes, Nish Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: The role of family history in determining excess risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in South Asians compared with Europeans is unclear. We hypothesized that family history would be more strongly associated with CHD in South Asians. METHODS: We performed cross-sectional analyses of 20-year follow-up data from SABRE (Southall And Brent Revisited) population-based study. Initial recruitment (1988-1991) was by random selection from general practitioners' lists in north-west London...
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31399300/clinical-impact-of-post-procedural-mitral-regurgitation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#19
Eyal Ben-Assa, Simon Biner, Shmuel Banai, Yaron Arbel, Michal Laufer-Perl, Judith Kramarz, Sammy Elmariah, Ignacio Inglessis, Gad Keren, Ariel Finkelstein, Yan Topilsky
BACKGROUND: While the impact of mitral regurgitation (MR) prior to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has been intensively studied, the implications of post-procedural MR on outcome are unknown. We investigated the clinical and physiological impact of significant MR after TAVR. METHODS: Clinical and echocardiographic data of 486 patients who underwent TAVR between March 2009 and December 2014 were evaluated. Clinical endpoints included overall mortality and combined endpoint of mortality, heart failure re-hospitalization and new atrial fibrillation...
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31399297/meteorological-factors-and-seasonal-variations-in-the-risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#20
EDITORIAL
Yutaka Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2019: International Journal of Cardiology
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