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American Journal of Veterinary Research | Page 2

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31140846/letters-to-the-editor
#21
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31140845/an-assessment-of-mechanical-properties-and-screw-push-out-for-two-3-5-mm-pearl-type-locking-plate-systems
#22
Giovanni Tremolada, Ryan Taggart, Daniel D Lewis, Ross H Palmer, Nicolaas E Lambrechts
OBJECTIVE: To compare mechanical properties (stiffness, yield load, failure load, and deformation at failure) of 2 pearl-type locking plate system (PLS) constructs (PLS 1 and PLS 2) in a simulated fracture gap model and to compare screw push-out forces of the 2 PLSs with and without plate contouring. SAMPLE: 40 PLS constructs. PROCEDURES: Mechanical properties of uncontoured PLS 1 (n = 8) and PLS 2 (8) constructs were evaluated in synthetic bone-plate models under axial compression...
June 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31140844/effects-of-storage-over-a-36-month-period-on-coagulation-factors-in-a-canine-plasma-product-obtained-by-use-of-plasmapheresis
#23
Margret E Donahue, Alberto L Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate stability of coagulation factors in canine plasma obtained by use of plasmapheresis and stored over a 36-month period. SAMPLE: Canine plasma obtained by use of plasmapheresis acquired from a commercial blood bank. PROCEDURES: Coagulation testing for fibrinogen concentration and activity of factors II, V, VII, VIII, and IX and von Willebrand factor was performed on canine plasma obtained by use of plasmapheresis. Samples were obtained for testing at 6-month intervals from plasma stored for up to 36 months...
June 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31140843/luteinizing-hormone-receptor-expression-by-nonneoplastic-and-neoplastic-canine-lymphocytes
#24
Alyssa M Ettinger, Sabrina K Gust, Michelle A Kutzler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate luteinizing hormone (LH) receptor expression in canine nonneoplastic and neoplastic lymph nodes, circulating nonneoplastic lymphocytes, and T-cell lymphoma (TCL) cell lines. SAMPLE: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded lymph nodes (5 neoplastic and 3 nonneoplastic) from 6 dogs, circulating lymphocytes from venous blood specimens obtained from 12 healthy dogs, and 3 TCL cell lines derived from 3 dogs with primary lymphoma. PROCEDURES: Lymph node specimens were immunohistochemically stained for determination of LH receptor expression...
June 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31140842/intravenous-and-intraosseous-regional-limb-perfusion-of-ceftiofur-sodium-in-an-avian-model
#25
Sophie Emmanuelle Knafo, Jennifer E Graham, Bruce A Barton
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether IV regional limb perfusion (IVRLP) and intraosseous regional limb perfusion (IORLP) of ceftiofur sodium resulted in clinically relevant drug concentrations in the synovial fluid of the tibiotarsal-tarsometatarsal joint of chickens (ie, an avian model) and to determine whether one of those techniques was superior to the other. ANIMALS: 12 healthy adult hens. PROCEDURES: Birds were randomly assigned to receive ceftiofur sodium (2 mg/kg) by the IVRLP (n = 4), IORLP (4), or IM (control; 4) route once daily for 6 consecutive days...
June 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31140841/-javma-news-digest
#26
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31140840/radiographic-evaluation-of-patellar-ligament-length-after-tibial-plateau-leveling-osteotomy-in-dogs
#27
Maureen R Jay, John S Mattoon, Peter J Gilbert, Ty T Tanaka, Brenda L Beaty
OBJECTIVE: To radiographically compare patellar ligament length (PLL) in dogs undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) for unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture at preoperative, postoperative, and follow-up evaluations. ANIMALS: 105 dogs that underwent TPLO for unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture at a referral veterinary hospital from October 1, 2008, through November 30, 2017. PROCEDURES: Medical records were reviewed to obtain information on dog signalment, surgical procedure, and radiographically measured PLL at preoperative, postoperative, and follow-up evaluations...
June 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034278/effect-of-topical-ophthalmic-administration-of-0-005-latanoprost-solution-on-aqueous-humor-flow-rate-and-intraocular-pressure-in-ophthalmologically-normal-adult-beagles
#28
Katelyn E Fentiman, Amy J Rankin, Jessica M Meekins, James K Roush
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of topical ophthalmic administration of 0.005% latanoprost solution on aqueous humor flow rate (AHFR) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in ophthalmologically normal dogs. ANIMALS: 12 adult Beagles. PROCEDURES: In a masked crossover design involving two 10-day experimental periods separated by a 7-day washout period, dogs were randomly assigned to first receive latanoprost or artificial tears (control) solution and then the opposite treatment in the later experimental period...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034277/evaluation-of-atipamezole-as-a-treatment-for-dexmedetomidine-induced-cardiovascular-depression-in-anesthetized-cats
#29
Kathryn K Zatroch, Daniel M Sakai, Stephen Parry, Luis Campoy, Manuel Martin-Flores
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular effects of atipamezole administered at half the volume or the same volume as dexmedetomidine to isoflurane-anesthetized cats. ANIMALS: 6 adult (1 to 2 years old) domestic shorthair cats (body weight, 3 to 6 kg). PROCEDURES: Each cat was anesthetized with isoflurane and rocuronium 3 times; there was a 1-week washout period between successive anesthetic procedures. For each anesthetic procedure, dexmedetomidine (5 μg/kg) was administered IV...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034276/development-validation-and-application-of-a-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-quantitative-determination-of-trans-4-hydroxy-l-proline-concentration-in-the-serum-of-dogs-with-chronic-hepatitis
#30
Yuri A Lawrence, Aline Rodrigues-Hoffmann, Jörg M Steiner, Jan S Suchodolski, Smriti Shankar, Cory L Klemashevich, Jonathan A Lidbury
OBJECTIVE: To develop and analytically validate a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for measurement of endogenous trans-4-hydroxy-l-proline concentrations in canine serum and to assess serum trans-4-hydroxy-l-proline concentrations in dogs with chronic hepatitis. SAMPLE: Serum samples obtained from 20 dogs with histopathologically confirmed chronic hepatitis and 20 healthy control dogs. PROCEDURES: A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for quantification of trans-4-hydroxy-l-proline concentration was developed and assessed for analytic sensitivity, linearity, accuracy, precision, and reproducibility...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034275/biomechanical-comparison-of-four-prosthetic-ligament-repair-techniques-for-tarsal-medial-collateral-ligament-injury-in-dogs
#31
Yoanna Martin, Matthew D Johnson, Collin J Travers, James Colee, Marina J McConkey, Scott A Banks
OBJECTIVE: To compare joint stability and ultimate strength among 4 prosthetic ligament constructs for repair of tarsal medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury in dogs. SAMPLE: 13 canine cadavers (26 hind limbs). PROCEDURES: Each limb was stripped of all soft tissues except those associated with the tarsal joint and assigned to 1 of 4 prosthetic ligament constructs. The AN construct consisted of 3 bone anchors connected with monofilament nylon suture...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034274/identification-of-reference-genes-for-micrornas-of-extracellular-vesicles-isolated-from-plasma-samples-of-healthy-dogs-by-ultracentrifugation-precipitation-and-membrane-affinity-chromatography-methods
#32
Momoko Narita, Hidetaka Nishida, Ryota Asahina, Kohei Nakata, Hirohito Yano, Tomoyuki Ueda, Masatoshi Inden, Hideo Akiyoshi, Sadatoshi Maeda, Hiroaki Kamishina
OBJECTIVE: To compare ultracentrifugation, precipitation, and membrane affinity chromatography methods for isolation of extracellular vesicles (EVs) from canine plasma samples and to identify suitable reference genes for incorporation into a quantitative reverse transcription PCR assay of microRNA expression in plasma EVs of healthy dogs. ANIMALS: 6 healthy Beagles. PROCEDURES: Plasma samples were obtained from each dog, and EVs were isolated from 0...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034273/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-oral-pradofloxacin-administration-in-dogs
#33
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034272/-javma-news-digest
#34
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034271/pharmacokinetics-and-competitive-pharmacodynamics-of-adp-induced-platelet-activation-after-oral-administration-of-clopidogrel-to-horses
#35
Jeffrey W Norris, Johanna L Watson, Fern Tablin, Tania A Kozikowski, Heather K Knych
OBJECTIVE: To determine pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics after oral administration of a single dose of clopidogrel to horses. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURES: Blood samples were collected before and at various times up to 24 hours after oral administration of clopidogrel (2 mg/kg). Reactivity of platelets from each blood sample was determined by optical aggregometry and phosphorylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP)...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034270/effects-of-orally-administered-raltegravir-in-cats-with-experimentally-induced-ocular-and-respiratory-feline-herpesvirus-1-infection
#36
Chloe B Spertus, Matthew R Pennington, Gerlinde R Van de Walle, Zachary I Badanes, Bonnie E Judd, Hussni O Mohammed, Eric C Ledbetter
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of orally administered raltegravir in cats with experimentally induced ocular and respiratory feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1) infection. ANIMALS: 14 healthy 6-month-old unvaccinated specific pathogen-free cats. PROCEDURES: On day 0, all cats were experimentally inoculated by topical application of 0.1 mL of a solution containing 106 plaque-forming units of FHV-1 strain FH2CS to the inferior conjunctival fornix of each eye...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034269/use-of-three-dimensional-time-of-flight-magnetic-resonance-angiography-at-1-5-tesla-to-evaluate-the-intracranial-arteries-of-39-dogs-with-idiopathic-epilepsy
#37
Chieko Ishikawa, Daisuke Ito, Natsumi Tanaka, Masato Kitagawa
OBJECTIVE: To assess visualization of the intracranial arteries and internal carotid artery (ICA) on 3-D time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) images obtained at 1.5 T and to investigate factors that affect the image quality of those arteries in dogs. ANIMALS: 39 dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. PROCEDURES: Each dog underwent 3-D TOF MRA, and 5 pairs of intracranial arteries, the basilar artery, and both ICAs were evaluated...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034268/evaluation-of-recovery-of-limb-function-by-use-of-force-plate-gait-analysis-after-tibial-plateau-leveling-osteotomy-for-management-of-dogs-with-unilateral-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture
#38
Hirokazu Amimoto, Tetsuaki Koreeda, Naomi Wada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recovery of limb function by use of gait force analysis after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in dogs with unilateral cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture. ANIMALS: 19 dogs with unilateral CrCL rupture treated with TPLO. PROCEDURES: Force plate gait analysis was performed before and 1, 2, 4, and 7 months after TPLO. Ground reaction forces (GRFs; which comprised peak vertical force [PVF], vertical impulse [VI], peak braking force, braking impulse, peak propulsion force [PPF], and propulsion impulse), time to switching from braking to propulsion, and vector magnitude at PVF in the forelimbs and hind limbs were evaluated...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034267/dynamic-viscoelastic-coagulometry-of-blood-obtained-from-healthy-chickens
#39
Cassandra I Rodenbaugh, Shane D Lyon, Andrew S Hanzlicek, Ian Kanda, Mark E Payton, Theresa E Rizzi, LaRinda A Holland, João Brandão
OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility of the use of a dynamic viscoelastic coagulometer on chicken blood and compare coagulation variables for fresh whole blood and sodium citrate-preserved whole blood as well as effects of 3 coagulation activators on blood from chickens. SAMPLE: Blood samples from 30 hens. PROCEDURES: Chickens were allowed to rest undisturbed for 1 hour. A blood sample was collected from an ulnar vein; 1.4 mL was analyzed immediately, and 1...
May 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30919681/quantitative-characterization-of-viscoelastic-properties-of-synovial-fluid-from-forelimb-joints-of-orthopedically-normal-thoroughbreds-and-warmblood-horses
#40
Panagiota C Tyrnenopoulou, Eleftherios D Rizos, Maria Kritsepi-Konstantinou, Paraskevi L Papadopoulou, Michail N Patsikas, Lysimachos G Papazoglou, Amalia Aggeli, Nikolaos E Diakakis
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether differences existed in the viscoelastic properties of synovial fluid samples from the metacarpophalangeal, intercarpal, and distal interphalangeal joints of orthopedically normal athletic horses. ANIMALS: 45 warmblood horses and 30 Thoroughbreds (age range, 4 to 16 years). PROCEDURES: Synovial fluid samples were aseptically obtained via arthrocentesis from 1 metacarpophalangeal, intercarpal, and distal interphalangeal joint of each horse, and nucleated cell counts were performed...
April 2019: American Journal of Veterinary Research
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