journal

American Journal of Veterinary Research

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436797/investigation-of-the-effects-of-an-ultraviolet-germicidal-irradiation-system-on-concentrations-of-aerosolized-surrogates-for-common-veterinary-pathogens
#1
Jennifer I Pearce-Walker, Daniel J Troup, Rebecca Ives, Luisa A Ikner, Joan B Rose, Melissa A Kennedy, Marc P Verhougstraete
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to UV germicidal irradiation (UVGI) reduces concentrations of viable aerosolized microorganisms (attenuated strains of common veterinary pathogens) in a simulated heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system. SAMPLE: 42 air samples seeded with bacteriophage MS2 or attenuated strains of Bordetella bronchiseptica , feline calicivirus, feline herpesvirus-1, canine parvovirus, or canine distemper virus (6/microorganism) or with no microorganisms added (6)...
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436796/evaluation-of-various-carbon-dioxide-laser-settings-on-the-time-and-number-of-laser-beam-passes-required-to-make-a-full-thickness-skin-incision-and-amount-of-laser-induced-tissue-artifact
#2
Lori M Agulian, F A Mann, John R Middleton, Dae Y Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time and number of laser beam passes required to make full-thickness skin incisions and extent of laser-induced tissue artifacts following use of a CO2 laser at various settings. SAMPLE: 24 skin specimens from six 5-month-old porcine carcasses. PROCEDURES: 4 full-thickness skin specimens were harvested from the flank regions of each carcass within 30 minutes after euthanasia and randomly assigned to 4 treatment groups...
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436795/evaluation-of-intramuscular-injection-of-oxytetracycline-for-use-as-an-experimental-model-to-induce-pain-and-assess-the-efficacy-of-pain-mitigation-strategies-in-dairy-cows
#3
Alex L Ohlheiser, Jason K Ahola, Faith S Baier, Robert J Callan, Andrea S Lear, Stacey R Byers, Lily N Edwards-Callaway
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate IM injection of oxytetracycline as an experimental model to induce pain and assess the analgesic efficacy of flunixin meglumine (FM) in dairy cows. ANIMALS: 15 healthy nonlactating Jersey (n = 10) and Holstein (5) cows. PROCEDURES: In the first of 2 experiments, 5 Jerseys were administered oxytetracycline (10 mg/kg, IM), divided between the right side of the neck and left hind limb. The left side of the neck and right hind limb received sham injections...
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436794/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-duration-of-desensitization-of-oral-structures-following-injection-of-various-volumes-of-a-lidocaine-bupivacaine-mixture-via-an-infraorbital-approach-in-dogs
#4
Peter J Pascoe, Amandeep S Chohan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and duration of desensitization of oral structures following injection of various volumes of lidocaine-bupivacaine via an infraorbital approach in dogs. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult hound-type dogs. PROCEDURES: In a randomized crossover study, each dog received 1, 2, and 3 mL of a 2% lidocaine-0.5% bupivacaine mixture (50:50 vol/vol) injected within and near the caudal aspect of the infraorbital canal with a 14-day washout period between treatments...
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436793/effects-of-intra-articular-administration-of-lidocaine-mepivacaine-and-the-preservative-methyl-parahydroxybenzoate-on-synovial-fluid-biomarkers-of-horses
#5
Ditte M T Adler, Didier Serteyn, Thierry Franck, Elin Jørgensen, Mogens T Christophersen, Matt Denwood, Denis R Verwilghen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the extent of inflammation and catabolic collagen response in the middle carpal joints (MCJs) of healthy horses following intra-articular injection of 2% lidocaine, 2% mepivacaine, lactated Ringer solution (LRS), or 1% methyl parahydroxybenzoate. ANIMALS: 17 adult horses. PROCEDURES: In the first of 2 experiments, the left middle carpal joint (MCJ) of each of 12 horses was injected with 10 mL of 2% lidocaine (n = 3), 2% mepivacaine (3), or LRS (control; 6)...
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436792/-javma-news-digest
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436791/effect-of-packed-red-blood-cell-transfusion-on-thromboelastographic-tracings-in-dogs-with-naturally-occurring-anemia
#7
Aimee C Brooks, Edward S Cooper, C Guillermo Couto, Julien Guillaumin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of packed RBC (pRBC) transfusion on thromboelastographic (TEG) tracings in dogs with naturally occurring anemia. ANIMALS: 22 clinically anemic dogs that received a pRBC transfusion. PROCEDURES: For each dog, a blood sample was collected before and within 3 hours after completion of the pRBC transfusion for a CBC, nonactivated TEG analysis, and measurement of blood viscosity. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare CBC, viscosity, and TEG variables between pretransfusion and posttransfusion blood samples...
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436790/evaluation-of-relationships-between-results-of-electrocardiography-and-echocardiography-in-341-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes
#8
Aimee L Drane, Rebeca Atencia, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Yedra Feltrer, Thalita Calvi, Tai Strike, Christopher Palmer, Sarah Simcox, Pablo Rodriguez, Carlos Sanchez, Hester van Bolhuis, Bruce Peck, Jaclyn Eng, Sophie Moittie, Steve Unwin, Glyn Howatson, David Oxborough, Mike R Stembridge, Rob E Shave
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential relationships between ECG characteristics and echocardiographic measures of cardiac structure in chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ). ANIMALS: 341 chimpanzees (175 males and 166 females) from 5 sanctuaries and 2 zoological collections. PROCEDURES: Chimpanzees were anesthetized for routine health examinations between May 2011 and July 2017 as part of the International Primate Heart Project and, during the same anesthetic events, underwent 12-lead ECG and transthoracic echocardiographic assessments...
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32436789/establishment-of-a-method-for-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-classical-swine-fever-virus-subunit-vaccine-in-rabbits
#9
Zhi Cao, Heng Zhang, Qian Yang, Hui Zhang, Gencheng Fan
OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for evaluation of the efficacy of a classical swine fever virus (CSFV) subunit vaccine in rabbits as determined via humoral immune responses to the virus. ANIMALS: 40 specific pathogen-free rabbits. PROCEDURES: Rabbits were randomly assigned to 4 groups (10 rabbits/group) for SC injection of 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 mL of a CSFV subunit E2 vaccine (representing 1.15, 2.3, or 4.6 μg of E2 protein/dose, respectively) or saline (0...
June 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343183/book-reviews
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343182/radiographic-localization-of-the-attachments-of-soft-tissue-structures-in-the-tarsal-region-of-horses
#11
Jose M Casillas, Carrie C Jacobs, Jane M Manfredi
OBJECTIVE: To identify radiographic locations of soft tissue attachments in the tarsal region of horses and describe any variability in the gross anatomy of those attachments. SAMPLE: 15 cadaveric limbs from 8 adult horses. PROCEDURES: 8 limbs were used for dissection and radiography of soft tissue structures, with metallic markers used to identify radiographic locations of soft tissue attachments. The remaining 7 limbs were used to evaluate anatomic variations in the insertion of the tendon of the fibularis tertius muscle...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343181/effectiveness-of-mb-102-a-novel-fluorescent-tracer-agent-for-conducting-ocular-angiography-in-dogs
#12
Christopher G Pirie, Thomas E Rogers, Richard B Dorshow
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a novel fluorescence tracer agent, MB-102, for conducting ocular angiography in dogs. ANIMALS: 10 ophthalmologically normal dogs (2 to 4 years old) and 10 dogs with retinal degeneration or primary open-angle glaucoma (< 6 years old). PROCEDURES: While anesthetized, all dogs received sodium fluorescein (20 mg/kg, IV) or MB-102 (20 or 40 mg/kg, IV) first and then the other dye in a second treatment session 2 days later in a randomized crossover design...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343180/evaluation-of-cell-free-dna-as-a-diagnostic-marker-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-dogs
#13
Amy C Stark, Stephanie McGrath, Marta Karn, Christine E Thomson
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cell-free DNA (cfDNA) was detectable in CSF samples from dogs, whether CSF sample volume impacted CSF cfDNA concentration measurement, and whether CSF cfDNA concentration was associated with CNS disease category or CSF RBC count (RBCC), nucleated cell count (NCC), or protein concentration, which could aid in the diagnosis of neurologic diseases in dogs. SAMPLE: 80 CSF samples collected from dogs with (n = 60) and without (20) clinical neurologic disease between February 2017 and May 2018...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343179/comparison-of-speed-of-onset-and-analgesic-effect-of-2-mepivacaine-hydrochloride-deposited-within-or-outside-the-neurovascular-bundle-at-the-level-of-the-proximal-sesamoid-bones-in-horses-with-naturally-occurring-forefoot-related-lameness
#14
John Schumacher, Robert C Cole, Fred J DeGraves, Lawrence G Cofield
OBJECTIVE: To compare the speed of onset and analgesic effect of mepivacaine deposited within or immediately outside the neurovascular bundle at the base of the proximal sesamoid bones in horses. ANIMALS: 6 horses with naturally occurring forefoot-related lameness. PROCEDURES: In a crossover study design, horses were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 2 treatments first, with the second treatment administered 3 to 7 days later. Trotting gait was analyzed with an inertial sensor-based motion analysis system immediately before treatment to determine degree of lameness...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343178/-javma-new-digest
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343177/effects-of-transrectal-palpation-with-the-fetal-membrane-slip-technique-for-early-pregnancy-diagnosis-on-the-proportion-and-type-of-associated-pregnancy-loss-in-dairy-cattle
#16
Juan E Romano, James A Thompson, Duane C Kraemer, David W Forrest
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of transrectal palpation (TRP) performed with the fetal membrane slip (FMS) technique for early pregnancy diagnosis on the proportion and type of associated pregnancy losses (PLs) in dairy cattle. ANIMALS: 580 healthy pregnant cattle. PROCEDURES: Data for artificially inseminated females with 1 or 2 viable embryos detected by transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) at approximately 30 days of gestation were retrospectively assessed...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343176/f-wave-parameters-for-the-tibial-nerve-in-miniature-dachshunds-with-and-without-naturally-acquired-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disk-herniation
#17
Seiichi Okuno, Kensuke Orito
OBJECTIVE: To determine values of F-wave parameters for the tibial nerve in clinically normal Miniature Dachshunds and those with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation (IVDH). ANIMALS: 53 Miniature Dachshunds (10 clinically normal and 43 with various clinical grades of thoracolumbar IVDH). PROCEDURES: F-waves were elicited in the interosseous muscles of 1 hind limb in each dog by stimulation of the tibial nerve. F-wave parameters were measured for 32 stimuli/dog, and mean values were calculated...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343175/efficacy-and-duration-of-effect-for-liposomal-bupivacaine-when-administered-perineurally-to-the-palmar-digital-nerves-of-horses
#18
Megan J McCracken, James Schumacher, Thomas J Doherty, Xiaocun Sun, Cailey L Nichols, Jeffrey Olivarez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and duration of effect for liposomal bupivacaine following perineural administration to the medial and lateral palmar digital nerves of horses. ANIMALS: 9 nonlame mares. PROCEDURES: For each horse, 2 mL of liposomal bupivacaine (13.3 mg/mL; total dose, 53.2 mg or approx 0.11 mg/kg) or sterile saline (0.9% NaCl) solution was injected adjacent to the medial and lateral palmar digital nerves at the level of the distal aspect of the proximal sesamoid bones of a randomly selected forelimb...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343174/evaluation-of-subcutaneously-administered-electrolyte-solutions-in-experimentally-dehydrated-inland-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps
#19
Lily A Parkinson, Christoph Mans
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of 3 electrolyte solutions administered SC to experimentally dehydrated inland bearded dragons ( Pogona vitticeps ). ANIMALS: 9 inland bearded dragons. PROCEDURES: In a randomized, complete crossover study, experimental dehydration was induced by means of furosemide (10 mg/kg, SC, q 12 h for 4 doses), and then lactated Ringer solution, Plasma-Lyte A, or reptile Ringer solution (RRS; 1:1 mixture of 5% dextrose solution and isotonic crystalloid solution) was administered SC in a single 50-mL/kg dose in 3 treatments sessions separated by a minimum of 14 days...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32343173/randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-a-novel-two-catheter-technique-for-urethral-catheterization-in-anesthetized-healthy-female-cats-and-small-dogs
#20
Brittany E Abrams, Laura E Selmic, James Howard, Stephen J Horvath, Linda Bednarski, Mary A McLoughlin, Vincent A Wavreille
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a novel 2-catheter technique for urethral catheterization in female cats and small dogs and compare the time required for and success rates achieved by use of the novel technique versus traditional methods (blind technique in cats and digital palpation in dogs) as performed by personnel (catheter placers [CPs]) with different levels of experience in urinary catheter placement. ANIMALS: 39 healthy sexually intact female animals (24 cats and 15 dogs weighing < 10 kg)...
May 2020: American Journal of Veterinary Research
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