Ryan M Antiel, Farr A Curlin, Govind Persad, Douglas B White, Cathy Zhang, Aaron Glickman, Ezekiel J Emanuel, John D Lantos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2020: Pediatrics
Bonnie Arzuaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2020: Pediatrics
Puja Banka, Adi Adar, Barbara Schaetzle, Lynn A Sleeper, Sitaram Emani, Tal Geva
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes in heterotaxy syndrome (HS) are poorly described. Some reports suggest improved survival in the recent era, whereas others do not. We sought to describe long-term outcomes and assess whether outcomes have changed over time. METHODS: Patients with HS born between 1985 and 2014 who had cardiac care (except initial palliation) at our institution were divided into 4 birth eras and survival over time was compared. Independent risk factors for mortality were identified by using Cox proportional hazards regression...
July 9, 2020: Pediatrics
Natalie L Davis, Benjamin D Hoffman, Eric C Eichenwald
BACKGROUND: Currently, car seat tolerance screens (CSTSs) are recommended for all infants born prematurely in the United States. Although many late-preterm infants are cared for exclusively in newborn nurseries (NBNs), data on implementation of CSTS in nurseries are limited. Our objective for this study was to determine management strategies and potential variation in practice of CSTS in NBNs across the nation. METHODS: We surveyed NBNs across 35 states using the Better Outcomes through Research for Newborns (BORN) network to determine what percentage perform CSTSs, inclusion and failure criteria, performance characteristics, follow-up of failed CSTSs including use of car beds, and provider attitudes toward CSTS...
July 8, 2020: Pediatrics
James C Gay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2020: Pediatrics
Irit R Rasooly, Justine Shults, James P Guevara, Chris Feudtner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Home nursing is essential for children with medical complexity (CMC), but provision varies substantially across states. Our objectives were to quantify state-to-state variability in distribution of posthospitalization home nursing to commercially insured CMC and to rank-order states. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of hospitalized commercially insured children with ≥1 complex chronic condition from birth to 18 years of age in the Truven MarketScan database...
July 8, 2020: Pediatrics
Kathryn S Brigham, Michael J Peer, Brian B Ghoshhajra, John Patrick T Co
OBJECTIVE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend testing for Chlamydia trachomatis in sexually active female patients <25 years old using nucleic-acid amplification tests (NAAT) from a vaginal swab. Our providers were typically testing using the less sensitive urine NAATs. We aimed to increase the percentage of urogenital C trachomatis NAATs performed by using vaginal swabs in adolescent female patients ages 10 through 20 years from 1.4% to 25%. METHODS: We implemented 3 interventions at 3 pediatric practices over 12 months including education, process standardization, and cross-training...
July 7, 2020: Pediatrics
Fernando Telles, Nicholas McNamara, Shane Nanayakkara, Mathew P Doyle, Michael Williams, Lauren Yaeger, Thomas H Marwick, Paul Leeson, Philip T Levy, Adam J Lewandowski
CONTEXT: Preterm birth is associated with incident heart failure in children and young adults. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect size of preterm birth on cardiac remodeling from birth to young adulthood. DATA SOURCES: Data sources include Medline, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane databases, and clinical trial registries (inception to March 25, 2020). STUDY SELECTION: Studies in which cardiac phenotype was compared between preterm individuals born at <37 weeks' gestation and age-matched term controls were included...
July 7, 2020: Pediatrics
Deena J Chisolm, Claire Jones, Elisabeth D Root, Millie Dolce, Kelly J Kelleher
Adverse housing and neighborhood conditions influence child health. The Healthy Neighborhoods Healthy Families community development initiative was established in 2008 to address housing, education, employment, and other neighborhood-level, child health-influencing factors on the south side of Columbus, Ohio, with the goal of improving child health and well-being. In this article, we discuss the path from advocacy to outcomes analysis in this initiative and assess changes in high-cost health care use by children in the target area over the first decade of implementation...
July 7, 2020: Pediatrics
Paul S Carbone, Kathleen Campbell, Jacob Wilkes, Gregory J Stoddard, Kelly Huynh, Paul C Young, Terisa P Gabrielsen
OBJECTIVES: To describe the proportion of children screened by the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), identify characteristics associated with screen completion, and examine associations between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screening and later ASD diagnosis. METHODS: We examined data from children attending 18- and 24-month visits between 2013 and 2016 from 20 clinics within a health care system for evidence of screening with the M-CHAT and subsequent coding of ASD diagnosis at age >4...
July 6, 2020: Pediatrics
Rebecca McNally Keehn, Mary Ciccarelli, Dorota Szczepaniak, Angela Tomlin, Thomas Lock, Nancy Swigonski
Although autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be reliably detected in the second year of life, the average age of diagnosis is 4 to 5 years. Limitations in access to timely ASD diagnostic evaluations delay enrollment in interventions known to improve developmental outcomes. As such, developing and testing streamlined methods for ASD diagnosis is a public health and research priority. In this report, we describe the Early Autism Evaluation (EAE) Hub system, a statewide initiative for ASD screening and diagnosis in the primary care setting...
July 6, 2020: Pediatrics
Sarah Armstrong, Jennifer S Li, Asheley C Skinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2020: Pediatrics
Kate Lycett, Markus Juonala, Costan G Magnussen, David Norrish, Fiona K Mensah, Richard Liu, Susan A Clifford, John B Carlin, Tim Olds, Richard Saffery, Jessica A Kerr, Sarath Ranganathan, Louise A Baur, Matthew A Sabin, Michael Cheung, Terence Dwyer, Mengjiao Liu, David Burgner, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVES: To examine how overweight and obesity at specific ages and overall BMI growth patterns throughout childhood predict cardiometabolic phenotypes at 11 to 12 years. METHODS: In a population-based sample of 5107 infants, BMI was measured every 2 years between ages 2 to 3 and 10 to 11 years. We identified 5 BMI trajectories using growth curve models. At ages 11 to 12 years, 1811 children completed assessments for metabolic syndrome risk scores, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, and carotid intima-media thickness...
July 6, 2020: Pediatrics
Kate E Wallis, Whitney Guthrie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2020: Pediatrics
Megan Lane, Christian J Vercler, Joel D Howell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2020: Pediatrics
Itay Ayalon, Jessica G Woo, Rajit K Basu, Ahmad Kaddourah, Stuart L Goldstein, Jennifer M Kaplan
OBJECTIVES: To explore the hypothesis that obesity is associated with increased mortality and worse outcomes in children who are critically ill. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the Assessment of Worldwide Acute Kidney Injury, Renal Angina, and Epidemiology study, a prospective, multinational observational study. Patients between 3 months and 25 years across Asia, Australia, Europe, and North America were recruited for 3 consecutive months. Patients were divided into 4 groups (underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese) on the basis of their BMI percentile for age and sex...
July 3, 2020: Pediatrics
Karina G Phang, James R Roberts, Myla Ebeling, Sandra S Garner, William T Basco
OBJECTIVES: To compare the frequency of opioid and corticosteroid prescriptions dispensed for children with pneumonia or sinusitis visits on the basis of location of care. METHODS: We evaluated 2016 South Carolina Medicaid claims data for 5 to 18 years olds with pneumonia or sinusitis. Visits were associated with 1 of 3 locations: the emergency department (ED), urgent care, or the ambulatory setting. RESULTS: Inclusion criteria were met by 31 838 children...
July 2, 2020: Pediatrics
Emily M Bucholz, Mark A Schuster, Sara L Toomey
BACKGROUND: Children insured by Medicaid have higher readmission rates than privately insured children. However, little is known about whether this disparity has changed over time. METHODS: Data from the 2010 to 2017 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Readmissions Database were used to compare trends in 30-day readmission rates for children insured by Medicaid and private insurers. Patient-level crude and risk-adjusted readmission rates were compared by using Poisson regression...
July 1, 2020: Pediatrics
Rana F Hamdy, Sopnil Bhattarai, Sudeepta K Basu, Andrea Hahn, Brian Stone, Eleanor D Sadler, Benjamin M Hammer, John Galiote, Julie Slomkowski, Anne M Casto, Katelyn P Korzuch, Hannah Chase, Nneka Nzegwu, Isabella Greenberg, Noelle Ortiz, Carmen Blake, Jaeho Chang, James E Bost, Asha S Payne, Rahul K Shah, Lamia Soghier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vancomycin remains one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics in NICUs despite recommendations to limit its use for known resistant infections. Baseline data revealing substantially higher vancomycin use in our NICU compared to peer institutions informed our quality improvement initiative. Our aim was to reduce the vancomycin prescribing rate in neonates hospitalized in our NICU by 50% within 1 year and sustain for 1 year. METHODS: In the 60-bed level IV NICU of an academic referral center, we used a quality improvement framework to develop key drivers and interventions including (1) physician education with benchmarking antibiotic prescribing rates; (2) pharmacy-initiated 48-hour antibiotic time-outs on rounds; (3) development of clinical pathways to standardize empirical antibiotic choices for early-onset sepsis, late-onset sepsis, and necrotizing enterocolitis; coupled with (4) daily prospective audit with feedback from the antimicrobial stewardship program...
July 1, 2020: Pediatrics
Heather C O'Donnell, Srinivasan Suresh
Clinical documentation is a fundamental component of the practice of medicine. It has significantly evolved over the past decade, largely because of the growth of health information technology and electronic health records. Although government agencies and other professional organizations have published position statements on the structure and use of electronic documentation, few have specifically addressed the documentation needs for the care of children. A policy statement on electronic documentation of clinical care by general pediatric and subspecialist providers by the American Academy of Pediatrics is needed...
June 29, 2020: Pediatrics
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