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Pediatrics

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31300529/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-associated-neonatal-and-maternal-mortality-and-morbidity
#1
Sarka Lisonkova, Lindsay L Richter, Joseph Ting, Giulia M Muraca, Qi Wen, Azar Mehrabadi, Sheona Mitchell-Foster, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes, Janet Lyons
OBJECTIVES: We examined demographic characteristics and birth outcomes of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and their mothers in Canada. METHODS: This retrospective, population-based, descriptive cross-sectional study of mother-infant dyads included all singleton live births in Canada (excluding Quebec), from 2005-2006 to 2015-2016 ( N = 2 881 789). Demographic characteristics, NAS, and neonatal and maternal morbidities were identified from delivery hospitalization data (including diagnostic codes)...
July 12, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31300528/a-parent-treatment-program-for-preschoolers-with-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Anna Ek, Kathryn Lewis Chamberlain, Kimmo Sorjonen, Ulf Hammar, Mahnoush Etminan Malek, Pernilla Sandvik, Maria Somaraki, Jonna Nyman, Louise Lindberg, Karin Nordin, Jan Ejderhamn, Philip A Fisher, Patricia Chamberlain, Claude Marcus, Paulina Nowicka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Early obesity treatment seems to be the most effective, but few treatments exist. In this study, we examine the effectiveness of a parent-only treatment program with and without booster sessions (Booster or No Booster) focusing on parenting practices and standard treatment (ST). METHODS: Families of children 4 to 6 years of age with obesity were recruited from 68 child care centers in Stockholm County and randomly assigned to a parent-only program (10 weeks) with or without boosters (9 months) or to ST...
July 12, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31296568/understanding-which-teenagers-benefit-most-from-a-brief-primary-care-substance-use-intervention
#3
Elizabeth J D'Amico, Layla Parast, Karen C Osilla, Rachana Seelam, Lisa S Meredith, William G Shadel, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The primary care (PC) setting provides an opportunity to address adolescent alcohol and marijuana use. We examined moderators of effectiveness for a PC brief motivational intervention on adolescents' alcohol and marijuana use and consequences 1 year later. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in 4 PC clinics from April 2013 to November 2015 and followed adolescents using Web-based surveys. We examined whether demographic factors and severity of use moderated 12-month outcomes...
July 11, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31292219/office-based-educational-handout-for-influenza-vaccination-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Vanessa P Scott, Douglas J Opel, Jason Reifler, Sharon Rikin, Kalpana Pethe, Angela Barrett, Melissa S Stockwell
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a parent educational intervention about influenza disease on child vaccine receipt. METHODS: A convenience sample of parents of children ≥6 months old with a visit at 2 New York City pediatric clinics between August 2016 and March 2017 were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to receive either usual care, an educational handout about influenza disease that was based on local data, or an educational handout about influenza disease that was based on national data...
July 10, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31292218/housing-instability-among-families-with-young-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#5
Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Stephanie Ettinger de Cuba, Allison Bovell-Ammon, Maureen M Black, Sharon M Coleman, Diana Cutts, Mariana Chilton, Timothy Heeren, Patrick Casey, Eduardo Ochoa, Deborah A Frank, Megan Sandel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Children with special health care needs (SHCNs) have significant medical and educational expenses affecting household finances. Housing instability can be detrimental to family well-being. Our objective was to evaluate housing instability in households of children with and without SHCNs. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys (2013-2017) in English and Spanish of caregivers with children <4 years old were conducted at 5 hospitals. The children with SHCN screener and caregiver report of child Supplemental Security Income (SSI) receipt were used to categorize children into the following groups: (1) no SHCNs, (2) SHCNs and no SSI, or (3) SHCNs and receiving SSI...
July 10, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31289193/medicaid-and-chip-child-health-beneficiary-incentives-program-landscape-and-stakeholder-insights
#6
Connor A Moseley, Madhulika Vulimiri, Robert S Saunders, William K Bleser, Eliana M Perrin, Sarah C Armstrong, Gary X Wang, Peter A Ubel, Mark McClellan, Charlene A Wong
OBJECTIVES: To describe the landscape of Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program beneficiary incentive programs for child health and garner key stakeholder insights on incentive program rationale, child and family engagement, and program evaluation. METHODS: We identified beneficiary health incentive programs from 2005 to 2018 through a search of peer-reviewed and publicly available documents and through semistructured interviews with 80 key stakeholders (Medicaid and managed-care leadership, program evaluators, patient advocates, etc)...
July 9, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31289192/family-chaos-and-asthma-control
#7
Sally M Weinstein, Oksana Pugach, Genesis Rosales, Giselle S Mosnaim, Surrey M Walton, Molly A Martin
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a highly prevalent childhood chronic disease, with particularly high rates among poor and minority youth. Psychosocial factors have been linked to asthma severity but remain poorly understood. This study examined (1) relationships between parent and child depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, family functioning, and child asthma control in a sample of urban minority youth with uncontrolled asthma and (2) family functioning as a pathway linking parent depression and asthma outcomes...
July 9, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31289191/choice-architecture-and-simplifying-alternatives-to-incentives-for-increasing-healthy-behaviors
#8
Jack Stevens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31285396/addressing-adverse-childhood-experiences-it-s-not-what-you-know-but-who-you-know
#9
Rebecca Dudovitz, Paul J Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31285395/neuropsychiatric-sequelae-in-adolescents-with-acute-synthetic-cannabinoid-toxicity
#10
Sarah Ann R Anderson, Anna M Oprescu, Diane Callelo, Andrew Monte, Peter S Dayan, Yasmin L Hurd, Alex F Manini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescents represent the largest age group that presents to emergency departments (ED) for synthetic cannabinoid (SC) toxicity; however, the neurotoxic effects of acute SC exposures in this group are understudied. Our aim was to characterize the neuropsychiatric presentation of adolescents with SC-related exposure in the ED compared with those with traditional cannabis exposure. METHODS: A multicenter registry of clinical information prospectively collected by medical toxicologists (Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry) was reviewed for adolescents presenting to the ED after SC or cannabis exposure from 2010 through 2018...
July 8, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31285394/prevention-of-group-b-streptococcal-early-onset-disease-in-newborns
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31285393/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-protective-factors-with-school-engagement
#12
Angelica Robles, Annie Gjelsvik, Priya Hirway, Patrick M Vivier, Pamela High
OBJECTIVES: To determine the associations of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and protective familial and community factors with school performance and attitudes in children ages 6 to 17. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health was performed. All data were demographically weighted and included 65 680 children ages 6 to 17. The survey identified up to 9 ACEs in each child. ACE scores were categorized as 0, 1, 2, 3, and ≥4 ACEs...
July 8, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31285392/management-of-infants-at-risk-for-group-b-streptococcal-disease
#13
Karen M Puopolo, Ruth Lynfield, James J Cummings
Group B streptococcal (GBS) infection remains the most common cause of neonatal early-onset sepsis and a significant cause of late-onset sepsis among young infants. Administration of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis is the only currently available effective strategy for the prevention of perinatal GBS early-onset disease, and there is no effective approach for the prevention of late-onset disease. The American Academy of Pediatrics joins with the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists to reaffirm the use of universal antenatal microbiologic-based testing for the detection of maternal GBS colonization to facilitate appropriate administration of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis...
July 8, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31278211/toxicity-of-bupropion-overdose-compared-with-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#14
Adam Overberg, Shannon Morton, Emily Wagner, Blake Froberg
OBJECTIVES: Adolescent depression and attempted and completed suicide are increasing in the United States. Because suicide is often impulsive, the means of self-harm are frequently items of convenience like medication. Authors of a recent study compared tricyclic antidepressant overdose to bupropion overdose. Fluoxetine and escitalopram are the only agents with Food and Drug Administration approval for pediatric depression, but off-label bupropion prescriptions are common. We sought to compare the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and bupropion in overdose...
July 5, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31278210/early-onset-sepsis-risk-calculator-integration-into-an-electronic-health-record-in-the-nursery
#15
Carole H Stipelman, Elizabeth R Smith, Margarita Diaz-Ochu, Jennifer Spackman, Greg Stoddard, Kensaku Kawamoto, Julie H Shakib
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: An early-onset sepsis (EOS) risk calculator tool to guide evaluation and treatment of infants at risk for sepsis has reduced antibiotic use without increased adverse outcomes. We performed an electronic health record (EHR)-driven quality improvement intervention to increase calculator use for infants admitted to a newborn nursery and reduce antibiotic treatment of infants at low risk for sepsis. METHODS: This 2-phase intervention included programming (1) an EHR form containing calculator fields that were external to the infant's admission note, with nonautomatic access to the calculator, education for end-users, and reviewing risk scores in structured bedside rounds and (2) discrete data entry elements into the EHR admission form with a hyperlink to the calculator Web site...
July 5, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31270140/improving-home-hospice-and-palliative-care-policies
#16
Debra S Lotstein, Lisa C Lindley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31270139/parent-attitudes-and-preferences-for-discussing-health-care-costs-in-the-inpatient-setting
#17
Jimmy Beck, Julia Wignall, Elizabeth Jacob-Files, Michael J Tchou, Alan Schroeder, Nora B Henrikson, Arti D Desai
OBJECTIVES: To explore parent attitudes toward discussing their child's health care costs in the inpatient setting and to identify strategies for health care providers to engage in cost discussions with parents. METHODS: Using purposeful sampling, we conducted semistructured interviews between October 2017 and February 2018 with parents of children with and without chronic disease who received care at a tertiary academic children's hospital. Researchers coded the data using applied thematic analysis to identify salient themes and organized them into a conceptual model...
July 3, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31266824/hearing-loss-with-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#18
Ina Foulon, Yannick De Brucker, Ronald Buyl, Elke Lichtert, Katia Verbruggen, Denis Piérard, Fleur Anne Camfferman, Léonardo Gucciardo, Frans Gordts
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we determined the prevalence of hearing loss in 157 children with proven congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection. We looked at possible risk determinants for developing hearing loss and proposed recommendations for screening and follow-up in the newborn. METHODS: In a prospective 22-year study, 157 children with proven cCMV infection were evaluated for sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The development of SNHL was correlated with the type of maternal infection (primary versus nonprimary), the gestational age of maternal primary infection, imaging findings at birth, and the presence of symptomatic or asymptomatic infection in the newborn...
July 2, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31266823/when-adolescent-and-parents-disagree-on-medical-plan-who-gets-to-decide
#19
Kali A Hopkins, Mary A Ott, Zeynep Salih, Gabriel T Bosslet, John Lantos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2019: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31262779/adolescent-mental-health-program-components-and-behavior-risk-reduction-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Sarah Skeen, Christina A Laurenzi, Sarah L Gordon, Stefani du Toit, Mark Tomlinson, Tarun Dua, Alexandra Fleischmann, Kid Kohl, David Ross, Chiara Servili, Amanda S Brand, Nicholas Dowdall, Crick Lund, Claire van der Westhuizen, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Cristina Eriksson de Carvalho, G J Melendez-Torres
CONTEXT: Although adolescent mental health interventions are widely implemented, little consensus exists about elements comprising successful models. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify effective program components of interventions to promote mental health and prevent mental disorders and risk behaviors during adolescence and to match these components across these key health outcomes to inform future multicomponent intervention development. DATA SOURCES: A total of 14 600 records were identified, and 158 studies were included...
July 1, 2019: Pediatrics
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