journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33452064/predictive-models-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#1
Eric S Peeples, Rakesh Rao, Maria L V Dizon, Yvette R Johnson, Priscilla Joe, John Flibotte, Tanzeema Hossain, Danielle Smith, Shannon Hamrick, Robert DiGeronimo, Girija Natarajan, Kyong-Soon Lee, Toby D Yanowitz, Ulrike Mietzsch, Tai-Wei Wu, Nathalie L Maitre, Eugenia K Pallotto, Mark Speziale, Amit M Mathur, Isabella Zaniletti, An Massaro
OBJECTIVES: To develop predictive models for death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) from data readily available at the time of NICU admission ("early") or discharge ("cumulative"). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort analysis, we used data from the Children's Hospitals Neonatal Consortium Database (2010-2016). Infants born at ≥35 weeks' gestation and treated with therapeutic hypothermia for HIE at 11 participating sites were included; infants without Bayley Scales of Infant Development scores documented after 11 months of age were excluded...
January 15, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33452063/a-technology-assisted-language-intervention-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Rose Sheldon, Mekibib Altaye, Laura Lane, Lindsay Mays, Susan Wiley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) often have persistent language delays despite early identification and interventions. The technology-assisted language intervention (TALI), which incorporates augmentative and alternative communication technology into a speech-language therapy model, was designed to support language learning. The study objective was to evaluate the impact of the TALI on spoken language outcomes in DHH children. METHODS: Children aged 3 to 12 years with mild to profound bilateral hearing loss were enrolled in a single-site randomized controlled trial...
January 15, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33452062/progress-in-helping-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-achieve-their-potential
#3
Karl R White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33446508/opioid-management-in-the-dying-child-with-addiction
#4
LETTER
Liza-Marie Johnson, Erica C Kaye, Kimberly Sawyer, Alex M Brenner, Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, Abby R Rosenberg, Armand H Matheny Antommaria
The dramatic increases of opioid use and misuse in the past 15 years have resulted in a focus on the responsible and judicious use of opioids. In this Ethics Rounds, the commentators analyze the case of a 16-year-old girl with lymphoma and opioid misuse whose caregiver may have diverted her opioids. She is now at the end of life and prefers to die at home. The commentators, oncologists, palliative care providers, ethicists, and a medical student agree that supporting the patient's goals and practicing good opioid stewardship are not incompatible...
January 14, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33446507/children-s-coverage-vulnerabilities-with-loss-of-a-parent-s-employer-sponsored-insurance
#5
Lois K Lee, Hannah Todd, Alison A Galbraith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33446506/standard-versus-long-peripheral-catheters-for-multiday-iv-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kirby R Qin, Nicholas Ensor, Richard Barnes, Anna Englin, Ramesh M Nataraja, Maurizio Pacilli
OBJECTIVES: In children, intravenous therapy (IVT) is generally administered via peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) (2-6 cm in length). There is evidence that PIVCs are unreliable after 2 days. Long peripheral catheters (LPCs) (6-15 cm in length) could improve the delivery of IVT. The aim of this trial was to determine if LPCs could decrease catheter failure and the number of catheters in children receiving multiday IVT. METHODS: This was an open-label randomized controlled trial conducted at Monash Children's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia...
January 14, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33441487/is-developmental-screening-enough-in-high-risk-populations
#7
Julia S Anixt, Susan Wiley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33441486/six-year-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-for-children-with-single-ventricle-physiology
#8
Renee Sananes, Caren S Goldberg, Jane W Newburger, Chenwei Hu, Felicia Trachtenberg, J William Gaynor, William T Mahle, Thomas Miller, Karen Uzark, Kathleen A Mussatto, Christian Pizarro, Jeffrey P Jacobs, James Cnota, Andrew M Atz, Wyman W Lai, Kristin M Burns, Angelo Milazzo, Jodie Votava-Smith, Cheryl L Brosig
OBJECTIVES: To determine if neurodevelopmental deficits in children with single-ventricle physiology change with age and early developmental scores predict 6-year outcomes. METHODS: In the Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial, Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition, were administered at 14 months of age, and parents completed the Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition (BASC-2) annually from the ages of 2 to 6 years. Scores were classified as average, at risk, or impaired...
January 13, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33436421/parental-vaccine-hesitancy-and-vaccination-disparities-in-a-safety-net-system
#9
Joshua T B Williams, John D Rice, Yingbo Lou, Elizabeth A Bayliss, Steven G Federico, Simon J Hambidge, Sean T O'Leary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33436420/the-need-for-new-cost-measures-in-pediatric-value-based-payment
#10
Nathaniel Z Counts, Kamila B Mistry, Charlene A Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33431589/use-of-e-cigarettes-and-other-tobacco-products-and-progression-to-daily-cigarette-smoking
#11
John P Pierce, Ruifeng Chen, Eric C Leas, Martha M White, Sheila Kealey, Matthew D Stone, Tarik Benmarhnia, Dennis R Trinidad, David R Strong, Karen Messer
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of becoming a daily cigarette smoker over the course of 4 years. METHODS: We identified 12- to 24-year-olds at wave 1 of the US Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study and determined ever use, age at first use, and daily use through wave 4 for 12 tobacco products. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent of 12- to 24-year-olds (95% confidence interval [CI]: 60.1% to 63.2%) tried tobacco, and 30.2% (95% CI: 28...
January 11, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33431588/predictors-in-infancy-for-language-and-academic-outcomes-at-11-years
#12
Patricia Eadie, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Fallon Cook, Lisa Gold, Fiona Mensah, Melissa Wake, Sheena Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To examine the contribution of early life factors and preschool- and school-aged language abilities to children's 11-year language and academic outcomes. METHODS: Participants ( N = 839) were from a prospective community cohort study of 1910 infants recruited at 8 to 10 months of age. Early life factors included a combination of child (prematurity, birth weight), family (socioeconomic disadvantage, family history of language difficulties), and maternal factors (education, vocabulary, and age)...
January 11, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33419869/incidence-and-secondary-transmission-of-sars-cov-2-infections-in-schools
#13
REVIEW
Kanecia O Zimmerman, Ibukunoluwa C Akinboyo, M Alan Brookhart, Angelique E Boutzoukas, Kathleen McGann, Michael J Smith, Gabriela Maradiaga Panayotti, Sarah C Armstrong, Helen Bristow, Donna Parker, Sabrina Zadrozny, David J Weber, Daniel K Benjamin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33419868/crossing-boundaries-mentorship-in-global-health
#14
REVIEW
Maya I Brasher, Gregory C Valentine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33419867/vestibular-gaze-and-balance-disorders-in-asymptomatic-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#15
Swetha Pinninti, Jennifer Christy, Anwar Almutairi, Graham Cochrane, Karen B Fowler, Suresh Boppana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the leading nongenetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss and developmental disabilities. Because there are limited data from studies of vestibular involvement in select groups of children with cCMV, the true frequency of vestibular disorders in cCMV is likely underestimated. Our objective for this study is to determine the prevalence of vestibular, gaze, and balance disorders in a cohort of children with asymptomatic cCMV...
January 8, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33419866/vestibular-disorders-in-congenital-cytomegalovirus-a-balancing-act
#16
Gail J Demmler-Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33414238/inflammatory-bowel-disease-presenting-with-concurrent-covid-19-multisystem-inflammatory-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Katherine F Sweeny, Yanjia J Zhang, Bonnie Crume, Colin A Martz, Melissa M Blessing, Stacy A Kahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33414237/healthy-communities-shifting-toward-inclusive-immigration-policy
#18
J Raul Gutierrez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33414236/timing-of-co-occurring-chronic-conditions-in-children-with-neurologic-impairment
#19
Joanna Thomson, Matt Hall, Katherine Nelson, Juan Carlos Flores, Brigid Garrity, Danielle D DeCourcey, Rishi Agrawal, Denise M Goodman, James A Feinstein, Ryan J Coller, Eyal Cohen, Dennis Z Kuo, James W Antoon, Amy J Houtrow, Lucia Bastianelli, Jay G Berry
BACKGROUND: Children with neurologic impairment (NI) are at risk for developing co-occurring chronic conditions, increasing their medical complexity and morbidity. We assessed the prevalence and timing of onset for those conditions in children with NI. METHODS: This longitudinal analysis included 6229 children born in 2009 and continuously enrolled in Medicaid through 2015 with a diagnosis of NI by age 3 in the IBM Watson Medicaid MarketScan Database. NI was defined with an existing diagnostic code set encompassing neurologic, genetic, and metabolic conditions that result in substantial functional impairments requiring subspecialty medical care...
January 7, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33414235/improving-care-and-outcomes-for-pediatric-musculoskeletal-infections
#20
Gabrielle Z Hester, Amanda J Nickel, David Watson, Gloria Swanson, Jennifer C Laine, Kelly R Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Pediatric musculoskeletal infection (MSKI) is a common cause of hospitalization with associated morbidity. To improve the care of pediatric MSKI, our objectives were to achieve 3 specific aims within 24 months of our quality improvement (QI) interventions: (1) 50% reduction in peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) use, (2) 25% reduction in sedations per patient, and (3) 50% reduction in empirical vancomycin administration. METHODS: We implemented 4 prospective QI interventions at our tertiary children's hospital: (1) provider education, (2) centralization of admission location, (3) coordination of radiology-orthopedic communication, and (4) implementation of an MSKI infection algorithm and order set...
January 7, 2021: Pediatrics
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