journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33837136/recognizing-the-role-of-health-care-providers-in-dismantling-the-trauma-to-prison-pipeline
#1
Laura Sinko, Yuan He, Destiny Tolliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33837135/pediatric-enteric-diagnostic-stewardship-the-right-test-in-the-right-context
#2
Gillian A M Tarr, Phillip I Tarr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33837134/clinical-impact-of-a-diagnostic-gastrointestinal-panel-in-children
#3
Jillian M Cotter, Jacob Thomas, Meghan Birkholz, Lilliam Ambroggio, Jacqueline Holstein, Samuel R Dominguez
OBJECTIVES: Many hospitals have transitioned from conventional stool diagnostics to rapid multiplex polymerase chain reaction gastrointestinal panels (GIP). The clinical impact of this testing has not been evaluated in children. In this study, we compare use, results, and patient outcomes between conventional diagnostics and GIP testing. METHODS: This is a multicenter cross-sectional study of children who underwent stool testing from 2013 to 2017. We used bivariate analyses to compare test use, results, and patient outcomes, including length of stay (LOS), ancillary testing, and hospital charges, between the GIP era (24 months after GIP introduction) and conventional diagnostic era (historic control, 24 months before)...
April 9, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33833073/beyond-statistics-uncovering-the-roots-of-racial-disparities-in-breastfeeding
#4
Bethel R Mieso, Hunter Burrow, Suet Kam Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33833072/intrapartum-group-b-streptococcal-prophylaxis-and-childhood-allergic-disorders
#5
Miren B Dhudasia, Jonathan M Spergel, Karen M Puopolo, Corinna Koebnick, Matthew Bryan, Robert W Grundmeier, Jeffrey S Gerber, Scott A Lorch, William O Quarshie, Theoklis Zaoutis, Sagori Mukhopadhyay
OBJECTIVES: To determine if maternal intrapartum group B Streptococcus (GBS) antibiotic prophylaxis is associated with increased risk of childhood asthma, eczema, food allergy, or allergic rhinitis. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 14 046 children. GBS prophylaxis was defined as administration of intravenous penicillin, ampicillin, cefazolin, clindamycin, or vancomycin to the mother, ≥4 hours before delivery. Composite primary outcome was asthma, eczema, or food allergy diagnosis within 5 years of age, identified by diagnosis codes and appropriate medication prescription...
April 8, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33827938/parents-of-children-with-medical-complexity-are-essential-health-care-personnel
#6
Nancy A Murphy, Natalie Darro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33827937/diagnostic-stewardship-of-endotracheal-aspirate-cultures-in-a-picu
#7
Anna C Sick-Samuels, Matthew Linz, Jules Bergmann, James C Fackler, Sean M Berenholtz, Shawn L Ralston, Katherine Hoops, Joe Dwyer, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Aaron M Milstone
BACKGROUND: Clinicians commonly obtain endotracheal aspirate cultures (EACs) in the evaluation of suspected ventilator-associated infections. However, bacterial growth in EACs does not distinguish bacterial colonization from infection and may lead to overtreatment with antibiotics. We describe the development and impact of a clinical decision support algorithm to standardize the use of EACs from ventilated PICU patients. METHODS: We monitored EAC use using a statistical process control chart...
April 7, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33824183/changes-in-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-from-age-2-to-10-years-for-children-born-extremely-preterm
#8
Genevieve L Taylor, Robert M Joseph, Karl C K Kuban, Laurie M Douglass, Jeff Laux, Bree Andrews, Rebecca C Fry, Wayne A Price, Thomas M O'Shea
OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based care of extremely preterm infants (<28 weeks' gestation) depends heavily on research in which a primary outcome is infant neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI), yet it is unclear how well NDI in infancy predicts long-term NDI. In this study, we aim to assess the relationship between 2- and 10-year neurodevelopment using a well-known 2-year definition and a 10-year definition developed by an expert panel. METHODS: Using data from the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn Study cohort, we classified 2-year NDI using definitions developed by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network...
April 6, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33824182/respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis-complicated-by-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-case-series
#9
Anita V Arias, Donald J Lucas, Nadeem I Shafi
In rare instances, severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections of the lower respiratory tract can cause life-threatening extrapulmonary complications. In this report, we describe 4 previously healthy, term and late-preterm infants admitted to the PICU with respiratory failure due to RSV bronchiolitis who developed necrotizing enterocolitis shortly after admission. All infants exhibited progressive abdominal distention, had typical radiographic findings, and developed simple or complex ascites. In addition to being managed with broad-spectrum antibiotics and bowel rest, 1 infant was treated with colon resection and ileostomy, 2 had peritoneal drainage procedures for ascites, and one of those later developed small bowel strictures treated with delayed resection and anastomosis...
April 6, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33820850/prolonged-emergency-department-length-of-stay-for-us-pediatric-mental-health-visits-2005-2015
#10
Katherine A Nash, Bonnie T Zima, Craig Rothenberg, Jennifer Hoffmann, Claudia Moreno, Marjorie S Rosenthal, Arjun Venkatesh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children seeking care in the emergency department (ED) for mental health conditions are at risk for prolonged length of stay (LOS). A more contemporary description of trends and visit characteristics associated with prolonged ED LOS at the national level is lacking in the literature. Our objectives were to (1) compare LOS trends for pediatric mental health versus non-mental health ED visits and (2) explore patient-level characteristics associated with prolonged LOS for mental health ED visits...
April 5, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33820849/risk-factors-for-maltreatment-in-siblings-of-abused-children
#11
Steve Kisely, Lane Strathearn, Jake M Najman
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between child maltreatment (abuse and neglect) in one sibling and that in another as well as associated risk factors. METHODS: The participants were 520 sibling pairs enrolled in a population-based birth cohort study in Brisbane, Australia ( N = 1040). Exposure to suspected child maltreatment was measured by linkage with state child protection agency data. Self-reports of childhood sexual abuse were also collected at the 21-year follow-up...
April 5, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33820848/equity-in-emergency-mental-health-care
#12
Polina Krass, Stephanie K Doupnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33820847/siblings-are-also-at-risk-for-abuse
#13
Suzanne B Haney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33811180/caring-for-caregivers-implications-for-providing-authentic-family-centered-care
#14
Richard C Antonelli, Olaf Bodamer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33811179/mortality-among-parents-of-children-with-major-congenital-anomalies
#15
Anne E Fuller, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Joel G Ray, Vera Ehrenstein, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Eyal Cohen
BACKGROUND: A mother whose child has a chronic condition, such as a major congenital anomaly, often experiences poorer long-term health, including earlier mortality. Little is known about the long-term health of fathers of infants with a major congenital anomaly. METHODS: In this population-based prospective cohort study, we used individual-linked Danish registry data. Included were all mothers and fathers with a singleton infant born January 1, 1986, to December 31, 2015...
April 2, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33811178/a-2020-executive-order-that-threatens-progress-in-shared-decision-making
#16
Jennifer C Kett, Aleksandra E Olszewski, Douglas S Diekema, Benjamin S Wilfond, Aaron Wightman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33795482/metric-development-for-the-multicenter-improving-pediatric-sepsis-outcomes-ipso-collaborative
#17
Raina Paul, Matthew Niedner, Richard Brilli, Charles Macias, Ruth Riggs, Frances Balamuth, Holly Depinet, Gitte Larsen, Charlie Huskins, Halden Scott, Gloria Lucasiewicz, Melissa Schaffer, Heidi Gruhler DeSouza, Pete Silver, Troy Richardson, Leslie Hueschen, Deborah Campbell, Beth Wathen, Jeffery J Auletta
BACKGROUND: A 56 US hospital collaborative, Improving Pediatric Sepsis Outcomes, has developed variables, metrics and a data analysis plan to track quality improvement (QI)-based patient outcomes over time. Improving Pediatric Sepsis Outcomes expands on previous pediatric sepsis QI efforts by improving electronic data capture and uniformity across sites. METHODS: An expert panel developed metrics and corresponding variables to assess improvements across the care delivery spectrum, including the emergency department, acute care units, hematology and oncology, and the ICU...
April 1, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33795481/vasopressin-dependent-disorders-what-is-new-in-children
#18
Jane E Driano, Aida N Lteif, Ana L Creo
Arginine vasopressin (AVP)-mediated osmoregulatory disorders, such as diabetes insipidus (DI) and syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) are common in the differential diagnosis for children with hypo- and hypernatremia and require timely recognition and treatment. DI is caused by a failure to concentrate urine secondary to impaired production of or response to AVP, resulting in hypernatremia. Newer methods of diagnosing DI include measuring copeptin levels; copeptin is AVP's chaperone protein and serves as a surrogate biomarker of AVP secretion...
April 1, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33790002/correction-for-gupta-2020-1330
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2021: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33790001/erratum-for-turban-2019-1725
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2021: Pediatrics
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