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Sarah A Denny, Linda Quan, Julie Gilchrist, Tracy McCallin, Rohit Shenoi, Shabana Yusuf, Benjamin Hoffman, Jeffrey Weiss
Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related death in children. In 2017, drowning claimed the lives of almost 1000 US children younger than 20 years. A number of strategies are available to prevent these tragedies. As educators and advocates, pediatricians can play an important role in the prevention of drowning.
March 15, 2019: Pediatrics
Leandra Godoy, Stacy Hodgkinson, Hillary A Robertson, Elyssa Sham, Lindsay Druskin, Caroline G Wambach, Lee Savio Beers, Melissa Long
Early engagement in mental health intervention is critical, yet the vast majority of children who are experiencing mental health concerns are not receiving needed services. Pediatric primary care clinics have been recognized as an ideal setting in which to identify and address mental health problems early, although engagement in mental health services within primary care and in community-based settings remains low. Navigators, or individuals with experience in navigating the mental health system, have been highlighted as promising partners in efforts to improve engagement in mental health services...
March 15, 2019: Pediatrics
Michael Matergia, Peter Ferrarone, Yasin Khan, Denna Weiss Matergia, Priscilla Giri, Sanjeeta Thapa, Eric A F Simões
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: School health programs are frequently attempted in low- and/or middle-income countries; however, programmatic scope and reach is limited by human resource constraints. We sought to determine if trained community members could implement a school health program that improved outcomes in rural primary schools in India. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods, stepped-wedge, cluster-controlled study of schools pragmatically assigned to receive a multicomponent, comprehensive school health program delivered by lay field-workers...
March 14, 2019: Pediatrics
Rens Zonneveld, Laura van der Meer-Kapelle, Marc Sylva, Anneke Brand, Marianne Zijlstra, Henk Schonewille
ABO blood group incompatibility between mother and fetus can lead to hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). We present the first case of severe O/A HDFN associated with extremely high-titer (1:32 000) immunoglobulin G anti-A antibodies in a Cameroon mother. Cord blood analysis revealed severe fetal hemolytic anemia and conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. After exclusion of an underlying disease and other risk factors, cholestasis resolved after treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid, a red blood cell transfusion, and intravenous immunoglobulins...
March 14, 2019: Pediatrics
Matthew Lin, Hannah Famiglietti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: Pediatrics
Jessica N Fish, Blair Turner, Gregory Phillips, Stephen T Russell
BACKGROUND: Using a population-based sample of youth, we examined rates of cigarette use and trends in cigarette use disparities between heterosexual youth and 3 subgroups of sexual minority youth (SMY) (ie, lesbian or gay, bisexual, and unsure) from 2005 to 2015. METHODS: Data are from 6 cohorts of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a national, biennial, school-based survey of ninth- to 12th-grade students in the United States ( n = 404 583). Sex-stratified analyses conducted in 2017 examined trends in 2 cigarette-related behaviors: lifetime cigarette use and heavy cigarette use (20+ days in the past 30)...
March 12, 2019: Pediatrics
Brian T Fitzsimons, Laura L Fitzsimons, Lisa R Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Pediatrics
Tatiana M Anderson, Juan M Lavista Ferres, Shirley You Ren, Rachel Y Moon, Richard D Goldstein, Jan-Marino Ramirez, Edwin A Mitchell
: media-1vid110.1542/5995526891001PEDS-VA_2018-3325 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is an established risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Here, we aim to investigate the effects of maternal prepregnancy smoking, reduction during pregnancy, and smoking during pregnancy on SUID rates. METHODS: We analyzed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Birth Cohort Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set (2007-2011: 20 685 463 births and 19 127 SUIDs)...
March 11, 2019: Pediatrics
Jeremy E Drehmer, Emara Nabi-Burza, Bethany Hipple Walters, Deborah J Ossip, Douglas E Levy, Nancy A Rigotti, Jonathan D Klein, Jonathan P Winickoff
: media-1vid110.1542/5995526918001PEDS-VA_2018-3249 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine how smoke-free and vape-free home and car policies differ for parents who are dual users of cigarettes and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), who only smoke cigarettes, or who only use e-cigarettes. To identify factors associated with not having smoke-free or vape-free policies and how often smoke-free advice is offered at pediatric offices. METHODS: Secondary analysis of 2017 parental interview data collected after their children's visit in 5 control practices participating in the Clinical Effort Against Secondhand Smoke Exposure trial...
March 11, 2019: Pediatrics
Jessica Turnbull, Joshua Arenth, Kate Payne, John D Lantos, Joseph Fanning
When caring for patients and families who do not speak English, medical interpreters are necessary. Sometimes, our patients' families speak languages or dialects for which no in-person or video or phone interpreter can be found. If a family member is bilingual, the members of the medical team must make a difficult choice. Is it better to use a family member as translator or to not be able to communicate at all? In this article, we present the case of a critically ill patient with complicated pathophysiology whose family speaks a rare Guatemalan dialect for which no medical interpreters can be identified...
March 8, 2019: Pediatrics
Sarah S Paul, Lisabeth V Scalzi
Exercise-induced purpura, which has also been called "golfer's purpura," is a phenomenon that has been rarely reported in the pediatric literature. This is the first case series in which this benign vasculopathy, which is most often associated with warm weather and high-impact activity, is described. In this series, we describe 5 patients, most of whom had an erythematous purpuric rash above the sock line that extended to the knees and was associated with warm weather and prolonged activity. Exercise-induced purpura may be mistaken for Henoch-Schönlein purpura or as a manifestation of a possible systemic vasculitis...
March 7, 2019: Pediatrics
Arieh Riskin, Peter Bamberger, Amir Erez, Kinneret Riskin-Guez, Yarden Riskin, Rina Sela, Trevor Foulk, Binyamin Cooper, Amitai Ziv, Liat Pessach-Gelblum, Ellen Bamberger
: media-1vid110.1542/5995525002001PEDS-VA_2018-2043 Video Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exposure to negative social interactions (such as rudeness) has robust adverse implications on medical team performance. However, little is known regarding the effects of positive social interactions. We hypothesized that expressions of gratitude, a prototype of positive social interaction, would enhance medical teams' effectiveness. Our objective was to study the performance of NICU teams after exposure to expressions of gratitude from alternative sources...
March 7, 2019: Pediatrics
Stanley A Plotkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2019: Pediatrics
Joyce P Samuel, Jon E Tyson, Charles Green, Cynthia S Bell, Claudia Pedroza, Don Molony, Joshua Samuels
: media-1vid110.1542/5995522846001PEDS-VA_2018-1818 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: Clinicians prescribe antihypertensive medication to children with primary hypertension, but without data to define a particular choice as first-line therapy. A one-size-fits-all approach may not be appropriate for these patients. Our aim was to develop a personalized approach to hypertension treatment, using repeated ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in n -of-1 trials (single-patient randomized crossover trials). METHODS: Children undergoing hypertension management at a single pediatric referral center were offered participation in an n -of-1 trial with repeated ABPM to compare 3 commonly used medications...
March 6, 2019: Pediatrics
Ashley M Cooper, Mara Horwitz, Mara L Becker
OBJECTIVES: Although teratogenic medications are commonly used to treat rheumatic disease, no standard model currently exists for educating adolescent patients about teratogenic risk or performing routine pregnancy screening. We performed a quality improvement project to increase education and pregnancy screening in girls and women of childbearing age prescribed teratogenic medications in our pediatric rheumatology clinic. METHODS: Eligible participants included female patients age 10 and older prescribed teratogenic medications in a single-center tertiary care pediatric rheumatology clinic...
March 5, 2019: Pediatrics
Kristen R Choi, Michael McCreary, Julian D Ford, Sara Rahmanian Koushkaki, Kristen N Kenan, Bonnie T Zima
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose in this study was to adapt and validate the Traumatic Events Screening Inventory (TESI) as a primary-care childhood adversity screening tool for children living in vulnerable neighborhoods using a community-partnered approach. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, descriptive study, we used a sample of 261 children (3-16 years old) who were seeking services at a Federally Qualified Health Center with colocated behavioral health services in Chicago and had a positive Pediatric Symptom Checklist screen result or received a referral for behavioral health evaluation...
March 5, 2019: Pediatrics
Jordan Beardslee, Meagan Docherty, Vevette J H Yang, Dustin Pardini
: media-1vid110.1542/5995525527001PEDS-VA_2018-1552 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between parental disengagement in childhood and adolescent gun carrying and determine whether this association is accounted for by externalizing problems and affiliation with delinquent peers during early adolescence. METHODS: The sample included 503 boys (55.7% African American, 40.6% white, 3.7% other) recruited from first-grade classrooms in Pittsburgh public schools. Multi-informant assessments were conducted regularly (semiannually then annually) from approximately ages 7...
March 4, 2019: Pediatrics
Anna E Coates, Charlotte A Hardman, Jason C G Halford, Paul Christiansen, Emma J Boyland
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of social media influencer marketing of foods (healthy and unhealthy) on children's food intake. METHODS: In a between-subjects design, 176 children (9-11 years, mean 10.5 ± 0.7 years) were randomly assigned to view mock Instagram profiles of 2 popular YouTube video bloggers (influencers). Profiles featured images of the influencers with unhealthy snacks (participants: n = 58), healthy snacks ( n = 59), or nonfood products ( n = 59)...
March 4, 2019: Pediatrics
Jay G Berry, Connor Johnson, Charis Crofton, Steven J Staffa, Maura DiTillio, Izabela Leahy, Joseph Salem, Shawn J Rangel, Sara J Singer, Lynne Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Projecting postoperative recovery in pediatric surgical patients is challenging. We assessed how the patients' number of complex chronic conditions (CCCs) and chronic medications interacted with active health issues to influence the likelihood of postoperative physiologic decline (PoPD). METHODS: A prospective study of 3295 patients undergoing elective surgery at a freestanding children's hospital. During preoperative clinical evaluation, active health problems, CCCs, and medications were documented...
March 1, 2019: Pediatrics
Ryo Miyakawa, Nicolas B Barreto, Roberta M Kato, Michael N Neely, Christopher J Russell
BACKGROUND: Early administration of anti-influenza medications is recommended for all children hospitalized with influenza. We investigated whether early use of anti-influenza medications is associated with improved outcomes in children with tracheostomy hospitalized with influenza. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study through the Pediatric Health Information System database for patients aged 30 days to 19 years who were discharged between October 1, 2007, and September 30, 2015 with diagnostic codes for both influenza and tracheostomy...
February 27, 2019: Pediatrics
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