journal

Lancet Infectious Diseases

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32645296/vaccinology-time-to-change-the-paradigm
#1
REVIEW
Christine Stabell Benn, Ane B Fisker, Andreas Rieckmann, Signe Sørup, Peter Aaby
The existing vaccine paradigm assumes that vaccines only protect against the target infection, that effective vaccines reduce mortality corresponding to the target infection's share of total mortality, and that the effects of vaccines are similar for males and females. However, epidemiological vaccine research has generated observations that contradict these assumptions and suggest that vaccines have important non-specific effects on overall health in populations. These include the observations that several live vaccines reduce the incidence of all-cause mortality in vaccinated compared with unvaccinated populations far more than can be explained by protection against the target infections, and that several non-live vaccines are associated with increased all-cause mortality in females...
July 6, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32645295/assessment-of-patients-who-tested-positive-for-covid-19-after-recovery
#2
Qi Mei, Jun Li, Ronghui Du, Xianglin Yuan, Ming Li, Jian Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32628907/exaggerated-risk-of-transmission-of-covid-19-by-fomites
#3
Emanuel Goldman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32628906/asymptomatic-sars-cov-2-infection-in-belgian-long-term-care-facilities
#4
LETTER
Ana Hoxha, Chloe Wyndham-Thomas, Sofieke Klamer, Dominique Dubourg, Melissa Vermeulen, Naima Hammami, Laura Cornelissen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32628905/comparing-sars-cov-2-with-sars-cov-and-influenza-pandemics
#5
REVIEW
Eskild Petersen, Marion Koopmans, Unyeong Go, Davidson H Hamer, Nicola Petrosillo, Francesco Castelli, Merete Storgaard, Sulien Al Khalili, Lone Simonsen
The objective of this Personal View is to compare transmissibility, hospitalisation, and mortality rates for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) with those of other epidemic coronaviruses, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), and pandemic influenza viruses. The basic reproductive rate (R0 ) for SARS-CoV-2 is estimated to be 2·5 (range 1·8-3·6) compared with 2·0-3·0 for SARS-CoV and the 1918 influenza pandemic, 0·9 for MERS-CoV, and 1·5 for the 2009 influenza pandemic...
July 3, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32622380/covid-19-in-health-care-workers-in-three-hospitals-in-the-south-of-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Reina S Sikkema, Suzan D Pas, David F Nieuwenhuijse, Áine O'Toole, Jaco Verweij, Anne van der Linden, Irina Chestakova, Claudia Schapendonk, Mark Pronk, Pascal Lexmond, Theo Bestebroer, Ronald J Overmars, Stefan van Nieuwkoop, Wouter van den Bijllaardt, Robbert G Bentvelsen, Miranda M L van Rijen, Anton G M Buiting, Anne J G van Oudheusden, Bram M Diederen, Anneke M C Bergmans, Annemiek van der Eijk, Richard Molenkamp, Andrew Rambaut, Aura Timen, Jan A J W Kluytmans, Bas B Oude Munnink, Marjolein F Q Kluytmans van den Bergh, Marion P G Koopmans
BACKGROUND: 10 days after the first reported case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in the Netherlands (on Feb 27, 2020), 55 (4%) of 1497 health-care workers in nine hospitals located in the south of the Netherlands had tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. We aimed to gain insight in possible sources of infection in health-care workers. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional study at three of the nine hospitals located in the south of the Netherlands...
July 2, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32622379/emerging-macrolide-resistance-in-mycoplasma-genitalium
#7
Piet Cools, Elizaveta Padalko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32622378/prevalence-of-mutations-associated-with-resistance-to-macrolides-and-fluoroquinolones-in-mycoplasma-genitalium-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Dorothy A Machalek, Yusha Tao, Hannah Shilling, Jørgen S Jensen, Magnus Unemo, Gerald Murray, Eric P F Chow, Nicola Low, Suzanne M Garland, Lenka A Vodstrcil, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking, Lei Zhang, Catriona S Bradshaw
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma genitalium is now recognised as an important bacterial sexually transmitted infection. We summarised data from studies of mutations associated with macrolide and fluoroquinolone resistance in M genitalium to establish the prevalence of resistance. We also investigated temporal trends in resistance and aimed to establish the association between resistance and geographical location. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE for studies that included data for the prevalence of mutations associated with macrolide and fluoroquinolone resistance in M genitalium published in any language up to Jan 7, 2019...
July 2, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32621869/association-between-mobility-patterns-and-covid-19-transmission-in-the-usa-a-mathematical-modelling-study
#9
Hamada S Badr, Hongru Du, Maximilian Marshall, Ensheng Dong, Marietta M Squire, Lauren M Gardner
BACKGROUND: Within 4 months of COVID-19 first being reported in the USA, it spread to every state and to more than 90% of all counties. During this period, the US COVID-19 response was highly decentralised, with stay-at-home directives issued by state and local officials, subject to varying levels of enforcement. The absence of a centralised policy and timeline combined with the complex dynamics of human mobility and the variable intensity of local outbreaks makes assessing the effect of large-scale social distancing on COVID-19 transmission in the USA a challenge...
July 1, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32619436/willingness-to-vaccinate-against-covid-19-in-australia
#10
LETTER
Rachael H Dodd, Erin Cvejic, Carissa Bonner, Kristen Pickles, Kirsten J McCaffery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32619435/integration-of-fungal-diseases-into-health-systems-in-latin-america
#11
Juan Luis Rodriguez Tudela, Donald C Cole, Giovanni Ravasi, Nienke Bruisma, Tom C Chiller, Nathan Ford, David W Denning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32619434/surfing-the-covid-19-scientific-wave
#12
LETTER
Mohamed Abbas, Didier Pittet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32615077/biostatistics-to-better-detect-fishy-findings
#13
LETTER
Arnaud Tarantola, Laurent Gautier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32598870/novel-evidence-to-motivate-onchocerciasis-elimination
#14
Matthew L Romo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32598869/changes-in-epilepsy-burden-after-onchocerciasis-elimination-in-a-hyperendemic-focus-of-western-uganda-a-comparison-of-two-population-based-cross-sectional-studies
#15
Nolbert Gumisiriza, Christoph Kaiser, George Asaba, Henry Onen, Frank Mubiru, Donozio Kisembo, Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Robert Colebunders
BACKGROUND: In 1994, prevalence and incidence of epilepsy were high in the Itwara onchocerciasis focus (western Uganda), and cases of nodding and Nakalanga syndrome were documented. Onchocerciasis transmission was interrupted successfully in 2001. 17 years later, we re-investigated the epilepsy burden in this area. METHODS: From Dec 11 to Dec 15, 2018, a door-to-door survey was done in the three villages (Kabende Centre, Masongora South, and Rwesenene) with the highest epilepsy rates in 1994 to identify people with suspected epilepsy...
June 26, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32593320/correction-to-lancet-infect-dis-2020-published-online-june-15-https-doi-org-10-1016-s1473-3099-20-30466-7
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32593319/evaluating-case-definitions-for-ebola-virus-disease
#17
Michael Ramharter, Stephan Günther
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32593318/clinical-and-epidemiological-performance-of-who-ebola-case-definitions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Grazia Caleo, Foivi Theocharaki, Kamalini Lokuge, Helen A Weiss, Leena Inamdar, Francesco Grandesso, Kostas Danis, Biagio Pedalino, Gary Kobinger, Armand Sprecher, Jane Greig, Gian Luca Di Tanna
BACKGROUND: Ebola virus disease case definition is a crucial surveillance tool to detect suspected cases for referral and as a screening tool for clinicians to support admission and laboratory testing decisions at Ebola health facilities. We aimed to assess the performance of the WHO Ebola virus disease case definitions and other screening scores. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science for studies published in English between June 13, 1978, and Jan 14, 2020...
June 25, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32589869/advanced-imaging-tools-for-childhood-tuberculosis-potential-applications-and-research-needs
#19
REVIEW
Sanjay K Jain, Savvas Andronikou, Pierre Goussard, Sameer Antani, David Gomez-Pastrana, Christophe Delacourt, Jeffrey R Starke, Alvaro A Ordonez, Patrick Jean-Philippe, Renee S Browning, Carlos M Perez-Velez
Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death globally that is due to a single pathogen, and up to a fifth of patients with tuberculosis in high-incidence countries are children younger than 16 years. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis is challenging because the disease is often paucibacillary and it is difficult to obtain suitable specimens, causing poor sensitivity of currently available pathogen-based tests. Chest radiography is important for diagnostic evaluations because it detects abnormalities consistent with childhood tuberculosis, but several limitations exist in the interpretation of such results...
June 23, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32585134/uncovering-the-burden-of-loiasis-first-estimates-from-gabon
#20
Sébastien D Pion, Cédric B Chesnais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2020: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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