Brian G LaRocco, George Zlupko, Paul Sierzenski
Quadriceps tendon ruptures are an uncommon knee injury. The diagnosis is often complicated by a limited examination secondary to edema and pain, the insensitivity of radiographs, and the unavailability of non-emergent magnetic resonance imaging. A delay in diagnosis and treatment has been shown to cause significant morbidity. A case report of bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture is presented demonstrating the utility and ease of bedside ultrasound to rapidly confirm the diagnosis.
October 2008: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lei Chen, Yunie Kim, Christopher L Moore
BACKGROUND: Forearm fractures are common injuries in children. Displaced and angulated fractures usually require reduction. Ultrasound diagnosis and guided reduction offer several potential advantages: (1) the procedure does not involve ionizing radiation; (2) compared with fluoroscopy units, the newer ultrasound units are more portable; and (3) repeated studies can be obtained easily and quickly. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to investigate the accuracy of emergency department (ED) physician-performed ultrasound in the diagnosis and guided reduction of forearm fractures in children...
August 2007: Pediatric Emergency Care
Kalev Freeman, Andreas Dewitz, William E Baker
In patients presenting with atraumatic joint pain and swelling, diagnosis is typically made by synovial fluid analysis. Management of an acute suspected hip joint arthritis can present a challenge to the emergency physician (EP). Hip joint effusions are somewhat more difficult to identify and aspirate than effusions in other joints that are commonly managed by EPs. Identification and aspiration of a hip joint effusion under ultrasound guidance is a well-established procedure in the fields of orthopedic surgery and interventional radiology...
January 2007: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Vivek S Tayal, Nael Hasan, H James Norton, Christian A Tomaszewski
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of diagnostic soft-tissue ultrasound (US) on management of emergency department (ED) patients with clinical cellulitis. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in an urban ED of adult patients with clinical soft-tissue infection without obvious abscess. The treating physician's pretest opinions regarding the need for further drainage procedures and the probability of subcutaneous fluid collection were determined. Emergency sonologists then performed US of the infected area, and the effect on management plan was recorded...
April 2006: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Stefano Bianchi, Pierre-Alexandre Poletti, Carlo Martinoli, Ibrahim Fikry Abdelwahab
Traumatic tears of the musculotendinous complex at the lower limb are common in clinical practice but can be difficult to detect and to evaluate because of swelling and pain that can limit proper physical examination. They can affect sedentary subjects or active sports participants involved in amateur or professional activities. In the first group tendons are more commonly affected, while myotendinous tears are common in sports players. The aims of this review article are to review the aetiology and pathomechanism of the most common ruptures affecting the tendons and the main myotendinous junctions of the lower extremity and to describe their ultrasound findings as well as to correlate ultrasound appearance with that of the other imaging modalities...
February 2006: Skeletal Radiology
Stefano Bianchi, Carlo Martinoli, Ibrahim Fikry Abdelwahab
The role of ultrasound (US) in assessing musculoskeletal disorders is persistently increasing because of its low cost, readiness, noninvasiveness, and possibility of allowing a dynamic examination. Secondary to increased sport practice, tendon tears are more frequently observed in daily medical practice. They deserve early diagnosis to allow proper treatment that can limit functional impairment. The aim of this review article is twofold: to illustrate the US appearance of normal tendons and to describe the US findings of the most common tendon tears...
September 2005: Skeletal Radiology
Benjamin T Squire, John Christian Fox, Craig Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Soft tissue infections are a common presenting complaint in the emergency department (ED). The authors sought to determine the utility of ED bedside ultrasonography (US) in detecting subcutaneous abscesses. METHODS: Between August 2003 and November 2004, a prospective, convenience sample of adult patients with a chief complaint suggestive of cellulitis and/or abscess was enrolled. US was performed by attending physicians or residents who had attended a 30-minute training session in soft tissue US...
July 2005: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Zui-Shen Yen, Hsiu-Po Wang, Huei-Ming Ma, Shyr-Chyr Chen, Wen-Jone Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis. METHODS: This study was a prospective observational review of patients with clinically-suspected necrotizing fasciitis presenting to the emergency department of an urban (Taipei) medical center between October 1996 and May 1998. All patients underwent ultrasonographic examination, with the ultrasonographic diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis based on the criterion of a diffuse thickening of the subcutaneous tissue accompanied by a layer of fluid accumulation more than 4 millimeters in depth along the deep fascial layer, when compared with the contralateral position on the corresponding normal limb...
December 2002: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
P Peetrons
Muscles are among the soft tissues one of the best adapted to ultrasound examination. In fact, it was the first imaging available for the evaluation of muscle disease. The availability, low cost, and ease of examination makes ultrasound superior to MRI for follow-up of lesions and searching for healing problems such as as fibrosis, cystic haematomas, or myositis ossificans. When dealing with fresh traumatic muscle lesions, the main goal of ultrasound is to assess the presence of a muscle tear or not. Haematoma is the key sign of a muscle tear...
January 2002: European Radiology
V T Valley, S A Stahmer
This article describes an advanced application for an established technology, specifically the use of bedside sonography in the assessment of the acutely painful joint in the emergency department. The sonographic windows for each of the axial synovial joints are outlined, with a brief discussion of commonly encountered pathologic conditions.
April 2001: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
S Roy, A Dewitz, I Paul
Difficulty is frequently encountered in performing ankle arthrocentesis. This report describes an ultrasound-assisted technique that can be readily learned by emergency physicians. It involves using the ultrasound beam to accurately locate the tibiotalar joint, thereby increasing the probability of obtaining joint fluid on aspiration.
May 1999: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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