Leily Naraghi, Judy Lin, Kay Odashima, Simran Buttar, Lawrence Haines, Eitan Dickman
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) is increasingly used by emergency physicians to provide safe and effective pain relief for patients. However, one of the factors limiting its widespread use is the lack of realistic models available for learners to train on. There are currently no inexpensive nerve block models available that are injectable and that closely mimic nerves, fascial planes, muscles, and other landmarks. Our aim is to create inexpensive, injectable nerve block models that can be used as effective medical training tools for UGRA...
May 15, 2019: BMC Medical Education
Romolo J Gaspari, Alexandra Sanseverino, Timothy Gleeson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that clinical failure rates will be lower in patients treated with point-of-care ultrasonography and incision and drainage compared with those who undergo incision and drainage after physical examination alone. METHODS: We performed a prospective randomized clinical trial of patients presenting with a soft tissue abscess at a large, academic emergency department. Patients presenting with an uncomplicated soft tissue abscess requiring incision and drainage were eligible for enrollment and randomized to treatment with or without point-of-care ultrasonography...
January 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Eben Clattenburg, Andrew Herring, Christoper Hahn, Brian Johnson, Arun Nagdev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jea Yeon Choi, Yong Su Lim, Jae Ho Jang, Won Bin Park, Soung Youl Hyun, Jin Seong Cho
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of bedside ultrasound (US) performed by emergency physicians for diagnosing skull fractures in children 0 to 4 years old compared with the accuracy of head computed tomography (CT). We also sought to investigate characteristics and precautions associated with US. METHODS: This single-center prospective study involved children 0 to 4 years old who had a history of head trauma. Bedside US was performed by emergency medicine physicians, and the results were compared with CT scan interpretations provided by attending radiologists...
May 2020: Pediatric Emergency Care
Rebecca Milligan, Stephen Houmes, Lisa C Goldberg, Arun Nagdev, Richard Amini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Esmaeil Raeyat Doost, Mohammad Mehdi Heiran, Mitra Movahedi, Amirhossein Mirafzal
BACKGROUND: Few studies were performed to compare ultrasound guided brachial plexus block with procedural sedation for reduction of shoulder dislocations in the Emergency Department (ED). This study was done to provide further evidence regarding this comparison. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial performed on patients presenting with anterior shoulder dislocations to the emergency department of an academic level 2 trauma center. Exclusion criteria were any contraindications to the drugs used, any patient which may not be potentially assigned into both groups because of an underlying medical condition, presence of neurovascular compromise related to the dislocation, presence of concomitant fractures, and patient refusal to participate in the study...
October 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Onur Tezel, Umit Kaldirim, Serkan Bilgic, Suleyman Deniz, Yusuf Emrah Eyi, Selahattin Ozyurek, Murat Durusu, Nihal Tezel
OBJECTIVES: Dislocation of the shoulder joint is one of the most common dislocations. The reduction procedure is a painful procedure. In this study, 2 different treatment groups were compared for pain control during shoulder dislocation reduction. It was aimed to evaluate the differences between the groups in reduction, success, length of hospital stay, complications, side effects, patient-physician satisfaction, and ease of application. METHODS: The study was planned to be prospective and randomized...
June 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Salih Kocaoğlu, Ayhan Özhasenekler, Ferhat İçme, Gül Pamukçu Günaydın, Alp Şener, Şervan Gökhan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of ultrasonography (USG) in identifying metacarpal bone fractures in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) with hand injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were admitted to a training and research hospital's ED during the study period with hand trauma and had suspected metacarpal fractures were included in the study. They were examined for metacarpal fracture by USG and x-ray. Hand radiographs reviewed by an emergency physician were considered to be the criterion standard diagnostic tool...
September 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michel D Crema, Andre F Yamada, Ali Guermazi, Frank W Roemer, Abdalla Y Skaf
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound are the imaging modalities of choice to assess muscle injuries in athletes. Most authors consider MRI as the reference standard for evaluation of muscle injuries, since it superiorly depicts the extent of injuries independently of its temporal evolution, and due to the fact that MRI seems to be more sensitive for the detection of minimal injuries. Furthermore, MRI may potentially allow sports medicine physicians to more accurately estimate recovery times of athletes sustaining muscle injuries in the lower limbs, as well as the risk of re-injury...
June 2015: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Romolo J Gaspari, David Blehar, David Polan, Anthony Montoya, Amal Alsulaibikh, Andrew Liteplo
OBJECTIVES: Treatment failure rates for incision and drainage (I&D) of skin abscesses have increased in recent years and may be attributable to an increased prevalence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA). Previous authors have described sonographic features of abscesses, such as the presence of interstitial fluid, characteristics of abscess debris, and depth of abscess cavity. It is possible that the sonographic features are associated with MRSA and can be used to predict the presence of MRSA...
May 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Anna L Waterbrook, Srikar Adhikari, Uwe Stolz, Carrie Adrion
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of emergency physician performed point-of care ultrasound (POCUS) for detecting long bone fractures compared to standard radiography. METHODS: This was a single-blinded, prospective observational study of patients presenting to two emergency departments (ED) with trauma to long bones. The study used a convenience sample of patients seen during the study investigators' scheduled clinical shifts. Patients presenting to the ED with complaints of long bone trauma were included in the study when a study investigator was available in the ED...
September 2013: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Saeed Abbasi, Hooshyar Molaie, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Mohammad Amin Zare, Mohsen Abbasi, Mahdi Rezai, Davood Farsi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Emergency physicians frequently encounter shoulder dislocation in their practice. The objective of this study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in detecting shoulder dislocation and confirming proper reduction in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with possible shoulder dislocation. We hypothesize that ultrasonography could be a reliable alternative for pre- and postradiographic evaluation of shoulder dislocation. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study...
August 2013: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Romolo Gaspari, Matt Dayno, Justin Briones, David Blehar
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of a superficial abscess is usually obtained through history and physical exam but bedside ultrasound (US) and computerized tomography (CT) are sometimes used to assist in the diagnosis. It is unclear which imaging modality is superior for patients with superficial soft tissue infections. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of CT and US in patients with skin and soft tissue infections. METHODS: Patients presenting with a suspected skin abscess that underwent both US and CT imaging were eligible for inclusion...
April 17, 2012: Critical Ultrasound Journal
David J Berkoff, Larry E Miller, Jon E Block
Intra-articular corticosteroid and hyaluronic acid injections provide short-term symptom amelioration for arthritic conditions involving structural damage or degenerative changes in the knee. Conventional palpation-guided anatomical injections frequently result in inaccurate needle placement into extra-articular tissue and adjacent structures. The purpose of this review was to determine the effect of ultrasound guidance on the accuracy of needle placement, clinical outcomes, and cost-effectiveness in comparison with anatomical landmark-guided intra-articular large joint injections, with particular emphasis on the knee...
2012: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Teresa S Wu, Pedro J Roque, Jared Green, Dave Drachman, Kai-Ning Khor, Marcy Rosenberg, Claire Simpson
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the overall accuracy of bedside extremity tendon ultrasound performed by emergency physicians in the emergency department. We also sought to investigate whether or not bedside tendon ultrasonography can be used to expedite the diagnosis and discharge planning in patients with suspected tendon injuries. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted at 2 academic level 1 trauma centers. Thirty-four patients were enrolled and underwent a comprehensive physical examination of the injured extremity, followed by a bedside ultrasound evaluation to look for tendon disruption...
October 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Marieta D Canagasabey, Michael J Callaghan, Simon Carley
INTRODUCTION: Foot and ankle injuries are common in the Emergency Department (ED). Of those requiring radiographs in accordance with the Ottawa Foot and Ankle Rules, approximately 22% have a fracture. Ultrasound is developing as a tool for emergency musculoskeletal assessment--it is inexpensive and rapid, and visualises soft tissue and bony structures. METHODS: This diagnostic cohort study examined if ultrasound could detect acute bony foot and ankle injuries. Ottawa Rules-positive patients over 16 years were eligible...
October 2011: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Shiang-Hu Ang, Shu-Woan Lee, Kai-Yet Lam
INTRODUCTION: In our local emergency departments (EDs), manipulation and reduction (M&R) of distal radius fractures are performed by emergency doctors, with blind manual palpation, using postreduction x-rays to assess adequacy. We sought to study the effectiveness of ultrasound guidance in the reduction of distal radius fractures in adult patients presenting to a regional ED. METHODS: This was a before-and-after study. Eligible patients were adults older than 21 years who presented to the ED with distal radius fractures that required M&R...
November 2010: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Srikar Adhikari, Michael Blaivas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of bedside sonography to differentiate soft tissue abnormalities from joint effusions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with joint pain, erythema, and swelling who received bedside sonography. The ED sonographic examinations were performed by emergency physician sonologists who were not involved in clinical assessment and management of these patients...
April 2010: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Rebecca L Vieira, Jason A Levy
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine whether pediatric emergency physicians can use bedside ultrasonography to accurately identify hip effusions in pediatric patients. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in the emergency department (ED) of an urban tertiary care freestanding pediatric hospital. A convenience sample of children younger than 18 years and who required hip ultrasonography as part of their ED evaluation was enrolled. Pediatric emergency physicians with focused ultrasonographic training performed bedside ultrasonography on patients' symptomatic and contralateral hips and categorized the findings as "effusion" or "no effusion," according to a priori definitions...
March 2010: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jennifer L Wiler, Thomas G Costantino, Lisa Filippone, Wayne Satz
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound is a useful adjunct to many Emergency Department (ED) procedures. Arthrocentesis is typically performed using a landmark technique but ultrasound may provide an opportunity to improve arthrocentesis performance. OBJECTIVE: To assess the success of emergency physicians performing landmark (LM) vs. ultrasound (US)-guided knee arthrocentesis techniques. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled study of patients requiring knee arthrocentesis who presented to one urban university ED and two community EDs between June 2005 and February 2007...
July 2010: Journal of Emergency Medicine
2017-07-04 22:52:33
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