Collections Neurosurgical papers with prac...

Neurosurgical papers with practical application
Aoife Feeley, Iain Feeley, Kevin Clesham, Joseph Butler
PURPOSE: Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is a well-established alternative to posterior-based interbody fusion techniques, with approach variations, such as retroperitoneal, transperitoneal, open, and laparoscopic well described. Variable rates of complications for each approach have been enumerated in the literature. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the comparative rates of complications across approach type. METHODS: A systematic review of search databases PubMed, Google Scholar, and OVID Medline was made to identify studies related to complication-associated ALIF...
November 2021: Acta Neurochirurgica
Ivar M Austevoll, Erland Hermansen, Morten W Fagerland, Kjersti Storheim, Jens I Brox, Tore Solberg, Frode Rekeland, Eric Franssen, Clemens Weber, Helena Brisby, Oliver Grundnes, Knut R H Algaard, Tordis Böker, Hasan Banitalebi, Kari Indrekvam, Christian Hellum
BACKGROUND: In patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis, it is uncertain whether decompression surgery alone is noninferior to decompression with instrumented fusion. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, multicenter, noninferiority trial involving patients with symptomatic lumbar stenosis that had not responded to conservative management and who had single-level spondylolisthesis of 3 mm or more. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to undergo decompression surgery (decompression-alone group) or decompression surgery with instrumented fusion (fusion group)...
August 5, 2021: New England Journal of Medicine
Martin Vychopen, Matthias Schneider, Valeri Borger, Patrick Schuss, Charlotte Behning, Hartmut Vatter, Erdem Güresir
PURPOSE: Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DC) has been established as a standard therapeutical procedure for raised intracranial pressure. However, the size of the DC remains unspecified. The aim of this study was to analyze size related complications following DC. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2019, 306 patients underwent DC for elevated intracranial pressure at author´s institution. Anteroposterior and craniocaudal DC size was measured according to the postoperative CT scans...
June 2022: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
David N Louis, Arie Perry, Pieter Wesseling, Daniel J Brat, Ian A Cree, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Cynthia Hawkins, H K Ng, Stefan M Pfister, Guido Reifenberger, Riccardo Soffietti, Andreas von Deimling, David W Ellison
The fifth edition of the WHO Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System (CNS), published in 2021, is the sixth version of the international standard for the classification of brain and spinal cord tumors. Building on the 2016 updated fourth edition and the work of the Consortium to Inform Molecular and Practical Approaches to CNS Tumor Taxonomy, the 2021 fifth edition introduces major changes that advance the role of molecular diagnostics in CNS tumor classification. At the same time, it remains wedded to other established approaches to tumor diagnosis such as histology and immunohistochemistry...
August 2, 2021: Neuro-oncology
René van den Berg, Lung Jeung, René Post, Bert A Coert, Jantien Hoogmoed, Jonathan M Coutinho, Charles B Majoie, Dagmar Verbaan, Bart J Emmer, William P Vandertop
OBJECTIVE: In patients presenting within 6 hours after signs and symptoms of suspected subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), CSF examination is judged to be no longer necessary if a noncontrast CT (NCCT) scan rules out SAH. In this study, the authors evaluated the performance of NCCT to rule out SAH in patients with positive CSF findings. METHODS: Between January 2006 and April 2018, 1657 patients were admitted with a nontraumatic SAH. Of these patients, 1546 had positive SAH findings on the initial NCCT and 111 patients had an NCCT scan that was reported as negative in the acute setting, but with positive CSF examination for subarachnoid blood...
September 24, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery
Michael Veldeman, Mathias Geiger, Hans Clusmann
BACKGROUND: Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) is a lifesaving procedure which every neurosurgeon should master early on. As indications for the procedure are growing, the number of patients eventually requiring skull reconstruction via cranioplasty also increases. The posterior question mark incision is a straightforward alternative to the classic trauma-flap and can easily be adopted. Some particularities exist one should consider beforehand and are discussed here in detail. METHODS: Surgical steps, aids, and pitfalls are comprehensively discussed to prepare surgeons who wish to gain experience with this type of incision...
May 2021: Acta Neurochirurgica
Desmond A Brown, Anshit Goyal, Kent R Richter, Jack M Haglin, Benjamin T Himes, Victor M Lu, Kendall Snyder, Joshua Hughes, Paul A Decker, Michael Opoku-Darko, Michael J Link, Terry C Burns, Ian F Parney
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency with which brain biopsy for presumed CNS relapse of systemic hematological malignancies yields new, actionable diagnostic information. Hematological malignancies represent a disparate group of genetic and histopathological disorders. Proclivity for brain involvement is dependent on the unique entity and may occur synchronously or metasynchronously with the systemic lesion. Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) have a high propensity for brain involvement...
January 1, 2022: Journal of Neurosurgery
Seppo Juvela
OBJECTIVE: Treatment indications in unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) are challenging because of the lack of prospective natural history studies without treatment selection and the decreasing incidence of aneurysm rupture. The purpose of this study was to test whether the population, hypertension, age, size of aneurysm, earlier aneurysm rupture, site of aneurysm (PHASES) score obtained from an individual-based meta-analysis could predict the long-term rupture risk of UIAs. METHODS: The series included 142 patients of working age with UIAs diagnosed before 1979, when these were not treated but were followed up until the first rupture, death, or the last contact...
January 1, 2022: Journal of Neurosurgery
Andrea Spyrantis, Tirza Woebbecke, Anne Constantinescu, Adriano Cattani, Johanna Quick-Weller, Laurent M Willems, Gerhard Marquardt, Volker Seifert, Thomas M Freiman
OBJECTIVE: Robotic guidance might be an alternative to classic stereotaxy for biopsies of intracranial lesions. Both methods were compared regarding time efficacy, histopathological results and complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis enrolling all patients undergoing robotic- or stereotactic biopsies between 01/2015 and 12/2018 was conducted. Trajectory planning was performed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). With the Robotic Surgery Assistant (ROSA), patient registration was accomplished using a facial laser scan in the operating room (OR), immediately followed by biopsy...
August 2021: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Pramod N Kamalapathy, Varun Puvanesarajah, Sean Sequeria, Joshua Bell, Hamid Hassanzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is commonly performed to treat symptomatic cervical spondylolysis. Recently, many spine surgeons have begun performing ACDF in the outpatient setting. However, as this is a relatively new trend, many studies are either outdated or have small sample populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes following elective outpatient ACDF in comparison to those performed in the inpatient setting. METHODS: Patients in Mariner Claims Database (2011-2017) undergoing outpatient elective ACDF were propensity score matched using age, gender and comorbidity burden...
August 2021: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Joseph S Bell, T J Florence, H Westley Phillips, Kunal Patel, Nicholas J Macaluso, Paulina G Villanueva, Priyanka K Naik, Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) represents a rare but preventable postoperative complication. Unfractionated heparin (UH) and low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) are used to prevent VTE, but comparative studies of their safety and efficacy in the neurosurgical context are limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative safety and efficacy of UH and LMWH for prophylaxis after cranial surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 3204 elective intracranial surgical admissions in 2901 patients over the period 2013 to 2018...
August 16, 2021: Neurosurgery
Xinyang Hua, Alastair Gray, Jane Wolstenholme, Philip Clarke, Andrew J Molyneux, Richard S C Kerr, Alison Clarke, Mary Sneade, Oliver Rivero-Arias
BACKGROUND: Previous analyses of the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) cohort have reported on clinical outcomes after treatment of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm with either neurosurgical clipping or endovascular coiling. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained of endovascular coiling compare to neurosurgical clipping in the UK cohort of ISAT. METHODS: Between September 12, 1994 and May 1, 2002, patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms who were assumed treatment equipoise were randomly allocated to either neurosurgical clipping or endovascular coiling...
January 13, 2021: Neurosurgery
Harrison Faulkner, Shubham Chakankar, Marco Mammi, Jack Yu Tung Lo, Joanne Doucette, Nawaf Al-Otaibi, Judi Abboud, Andrew Le, Rania A Mekary, Adomas Bunevicius
Anticoagulant therapy poses a significant risk for patients undergoing emergency neurosurgery procedures, necessitating reversal with prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) or fresh frozen plasma (FFP). Data on PCC efficacy lack consistency in this setting. This systematic review and metaanalysis aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of PCC for anticoagulation reversal in the context of urgent neurosurgery. Articles from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were screened according to the PRISMA checklist. Adult patients receiving anticoagulation reversal with PCC for emergency neurosurgical procedures were included...
August 2021: Neurosurgical Review
Lucia Merlino, Federica Del Prete, Luca Titi, Maria Grazia Piccioni
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral cavernomas malformations (CCMs) are vascular malformations that occur with an incidence of 0,4-0,8 % in general population. The most feared complication is cerebral hemorrhage. Currently there are no guidelines for pregnant women with CCMs. Some authors claimed that many physiological changes related to pregnancy could be linked to an high risk of rupture and bleeding of the cerebral cavernoma. However, more recent studies highlight that the presence of cerebral cavernomatosis is not a contraindication for pregnancy and that the risk of bleeding is similar in pregnant and in non-pregnant women...
January 2021: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
Marvin Darkwah Oppong, Jagos Golubovic, Erik F Hauck, Karsten H Wrede, Ulrich Sure, Ramazan Jabbarli
OBJECTIVE: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is a standard neurosurgical procedure against intractable intracranial hypertension. Patients with severe aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) are prone to intracranial hypertension, necessitating DC in certain cases. However, the clinical utility of DC after aSAH remains unclear. Hereby we present a systematic review and meta-analysis summarizing the published studies on DC in aSAH patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for articles published before Jul 10, 2019 reporting on rates, outcome, indications, timing and complications of SAH patients undergoing DC...
December 2020: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Raja K Kutty, Sureshkumar Kunjuni Leela, Sunilkumar Balakrishnan Sreemathyamma, Jyothish Laila Sivanandapanicker, Prasanth Asher, Anilkumar Peethambaran, Rajmohan Bhanu Prabhakar
INTRODUCTION: The conservative management of Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is controversial. Many drugs have been tried in the conservative management of CSDH. Tranexamic acid (Txa) is one such drug in the armamentarium for conservative management of CSDH. We conducted a prospective observational study about treatment of CSDH with Txa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted over three years. The clinical grading was assessed by the Markwalder grading system...
November 2020: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Rajeev D Sen, Amy Lee, Samuel R Browd, Richard G Ellenbogen, Jason S Hauptman
BACKGROUND: Consent and assent are important concepts to understand in the care of pediatric neurosurgery patients. Recently it has been recommended that although pediatric patients generally do not have the legal capacity to make medical decisions, they be encouraged to be involved in their own care. Given the paucity of information on this topic in the neurosurgery community, the objective is to provide pediatric neurosurgeons with recommendations on how to involve their patients in medical decision-making...
January 2021: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Adnan I Qureshi, Sindhu Sahito, Jahanzeb Liaqat, Premkumar Nattanmai Chandrasekaran, Farhan Siddiq
BACKGROUND: The natural history and epidemiological aspects of traumatic injury of major cerebral venous sinuses are not fully understood. We determined the prevalence of traumatic injury of major cerebral venous sinuses and impact on the outcome of patients with traumatic brain injury, and/or head and neck trauma. METHODS: All the patients who were admitted with traumatic brain injury or head and neck trauma were identified by ICD-9-CM codes from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB), using data files from 2009 to 2010...
January 2020: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
Yasmeen Elsawaf, Stephanie Anetsberger, Sabino Luzzi, Samer K Elbabaa
BACKGROUND: Severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a principal cause of neurologic dysfunction and death in the pediatric population. After medical management, the second-tier treatment is decompressive craniectomy in cases of intractable intracranial pressure (ICP) elevation. This literature review offers evidence of early (within 24 hours) and ultraearly (6-12 hours) decompressive craniectomy as an effective form of management for severe TBI in the pediatric population. METHODS: We conducted a literature review of articles published from 1996 to 2019 to elucidate neurologic outcomes after early decompressive craniectomy in pediatric patients who suffered a severe TBI...
June 2020: World Neurosurgery
Kelechi Ndukuba, Toshihiro Ogiwara, Takuya Nakamura, Daishiro Abe, Shunsuke Ichinose, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Samuel Ohaegbulam, Kazuhiro Hongo
The efficacy of the endoscopic transcortical transventricular approach (ETTA) for craniopharyngioma in the third ventricle with hydrocephalus has been reported focusing on its reduced invasiveness. On the other hand, suprasellar craniopharyngioma without ventriculomegaly is generally surgically managed by craniotomy or the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA). Here, we report an elderly patient who received cyst fenestration and Ommaya reservoir placement in ETTA for recurrent suprasellar cystic craniopharyngioma without ventriculomegaly...
February 2020: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
2020-02-09 05:20:43
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