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Vitreomacular traction in diabetic retinopathy.

PURPOSE: Vitreomacular traction (VMT) has unique presentations in eyes with diabetic retinopathy (DR). This study aimed to investigate the characteristics and clinical course of VMT in DR.

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series.

METHODS: Thirty eyes from 30 patients with DR and concurrent VMT were retrospectively enrolled. Baseline and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics were reported. Linear regression models were used to analyze the correlating factors for visual outcome.

RESULTS: Of the 30 eyes, a thickened posterior hyaloid membrane was noted in all cases and multi-layered traction from different directions in 14 eyes (46.7%). Twenty-one eyes (70%) had tractional macular retinoschisis, seven (23.3%) had foveal detachment, five (16.7%) had a lamellar macular hole, and three (10%) had a full-thickness macular hole, including two with macular hole retinal detachment. Three eyes had spontaneous release of the VMT within 3 months of observation. For the remaining 27 eyes receiving operations, the VMT, full-thickness macular hole, and serous foveal detachment all resolved postoperatively with residual macular schisis in 6 eyes (22.2%) only. None of the baseline OCT characteristics were associated with postoperative BCVA (P > .05).

CONCLUSIONS: VMT in DR had a thickened posterior hyaloid, and many of them had multi-layered traction and/or concurrent macular retinoschisis. Lamellar macular hole, full-thickness macular hole, or concurrent retinal detachment may also occur. Spontaneous resolution of VMT rarely occurred, and those who underwent operation for VMT had improved vision and macular structures with resolution of the macular hole and retinal detachment.

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