Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Antithrombin III levels in critically ill surgical patients: do they correlate with VTE?

OBJECTIVE: Antithrombin III (ATIII) deficiency may result from hereditary or acquired reduction in ATIII levels and is associated with an increase in venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the general population. VTE is a potentially preventable complication in the critically ill surgical patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relation between ATIII levels and VTE in surgical intensive care unit (SICU) patients.

METHODS: All patients admitted to the SICU from January 2017 to April 2018 who had ATIII levels drawn were included in the study. An ATIII level below 80% of normal was considered low. The rate of VTE during the same admission was compared among patients with normal and low levels of ATIII. Prolonged length of stay (LOS >10 days) and mortality were also measured.

RESULTS: Of the 227 patients included, 59.9% were male. The median age was 60 years. Overall, 66.9% of patients had low ATIII levels. Trauma patients had a higher rate of normal ATIII levels, whereas those weighing more than 100 kg had a higher rate of low ATIII levels. Patients with low ATIII levels had higher VTE rates compared with those with normal ATIII levels (28.9% vs. 16%, p=0.04). Patients with low ATIII levels also had prolonged LOS (76.3% vs. 60%, p=0.01) and increased mortality (21.7% vs. 6.7%, p<0.01). Trauma patients with VTE were more likely to have normal ATIII levels (38.5% in low ATIII cohort vs. 61.5% VTE in normal ATIII cohort, p<0.01).

CONCLUSION: Critically ill surgical patients with low ATIII levels have higher incidence of VTE, longer LOS, and higher mortality. In contrast, critically ill trauma patients may have high incidence of VTE even with normal ATIII levels.


Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app