A novel missense variant and multiexon deletion causing a delayed presentation of xeroderma pigmentosum, group C

Erica L Macke, Joel A Morales-Rosado, Aditi Gupta, Christopher T Schmitz, Teresa Kruisselbrink, Brendan Lanpher, Eric W Klee
Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies 2020, 6 (4)
Pathogenic variants in the XPC complex subunit, DNA damage recognition, and repair factor ( XPC ) are the cause of xeroderma pigmentosum, group C (MIM: 278720). Xeroderma pigmentosum is an inherited condition characterized by hypersensitivity to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and increased risk of skin cancer due to a defect in nucleotide excision repair (NER). Here we describe an individual with a novel missense variant and deletion of exons 14-15 in XPC presenting with a history of recurrent melanomas. The proband is a 39-yr-old female evaluated through the Mayo Clinic Department of Clinical Genomics. Prior to age 36, she had more than 60 skin biopsies that showed dysplastic nevi, many of which had atypia. At age 36 she presented with her first melanoma in situ, and since then has had more than 10 melanomas. The proband underwent research whole-exome sequencing (WES) through the Mayo Clinic's Center for Individualized Medicine and a novel heterozygous variant of uncertain significance (VUS) in XPC (c.1709T > G, p.Val570Gly) was identified. Clinical confirmation pursued via XPC gene sequencing and deletion/duplication analysis of XPC revealed a pathogenic heterozygous deletion of ∼1 kb within XPC , including exons 14 and 15. Research studies determined the alterations to be in trans Although variants in XPC generally result in early-onset skin cancer in childhood, the proband is atypical in that she did not present with her first melanoma until age 36. Review of the patient's clinical, pathological, and genetic findings points to a diagnosis of delayed presentation of xeroderma pigmentosum.

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