[Clinical application of adaptive minute ventilation + IntelliCycle ventilation mode in patients with mild-to-moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome]

Zhihan Liu, Xingwei Di, Lei Zhong, Zichen Su, Bo Xu, Xiaoyu Zhang, Zhuang Liang, Guangming Zhao, Zhansheng Hu
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2020, 32 (1): 20-25

OBJECTIVE: To verify the clinical safety and efficacy of new intelligent ventilation mode adaptive minute ventilation (AMV)+IntelliCycle ventilation in patients with mild-to-moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

METHODS: The patients with mild-to-moderate ARDS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University from February 2018 to February 2019, were enrolled in the study. The patients were divided into synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation+pressure support ventilation (SIMV+PSV) group and AMV+IntelliCycle group according to the random number table method. All patients were given mechanical ventilation, anti-infection, analgesia and sedation, nutritional support and symptomatic treatment of primary disease after admission. SV800 ventilator was used for mechanical ventilation. In the AMV+IntelliCycle group, after setting the minute ventilation volume (VE), inhaled oxygen concentration (FiO2 ) and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP), the ventilator was turned on the full-automatic mode, and the preset value of VE percentage was 120%. In the SIMV+PSV group, the ventilator parameters were set as follows: the ventilation frequency was 12-20 times/min, the inspiratory expiratory ratio was 1:1-2, the peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) limit level was 35-45 cmH2 O (1 cmH2 O = 0.098 kPa), and the setting of FiO2 and PEEP was as the same as that of AMV+IntelliCycle group, the triggering flow was set to 2 L/min. All of the clinical parameters between the two groups were compared. The main outcomes were duration of mechanical ventilation, ventilator alarm times, manual operation times, and the mechanical power; the secondary outcomes were respiratory rate (RR), VE, tidal volume (VT), PIP, mouth occlusion pressure (P0.1), static compliance (Cst), work of breathing (WOB), and time constant at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 120 hours; and the blood gas analysis parameters of patients before and after ventilation were recorded.

RESULTS: A total of 92 patients with mild-to-moderate ARDS were admitted during the study period, excluding those who quit the study due to death, abandonment of treatment, accidental extubation of tracheal intubation and so on. Eighty patients were finally enrolled in the analysis, with 40 patients in SIMV+PSV group and AMV+IntelliCycle group respectively. (1) Results of main outcomes: compared with the SIMV+PSV mode, AMV+IntelliCycle ventilation mode could shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation (hours: 106.35±55.03 vs. 136.50±73.78), reduce ventilator alarm times (times: 10.35±5.87 vs. 13.93±6.87) and the manual operations times (times: 4.25±2.01 vs. 6.83±3.75), and decrease the mechanical power (J/min: 12.88±4.67 vs. 16.35±5.04, all P < 0.05). But the arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2 ) of AMV+IntelliCycle group was significantly higher than that of SIMV+PSV group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 41.58±6.81 vs. 38.45±5.77, P < 0.05]. (2) Results of secondary outcomes: the RR of both groups was improved significantly with the prolongation of ventilation time which showed a time effect (F = 4.131, P = 0.005). Moreover, compared with SIMV+PSV mode, AMV+IntelliCycle mode could maintain a better level of RR, with intervention effect (F = 5.008, P = 0.031), but no interaction effect was found (F = 2.489, P = 0.055). There was no significant difference in VE, PIP, P0.1 or Cst between the two groups, without intervention effect (F values were 3.343, 2.047, 0.496, 1.456, respectively, all P > 0.05), but they were significantly improved with the prolongation of ventilation time in both groups, with time effect (F values were 2.923, 12.870, 23.120, 7.851, respectively, all P < 0.05), but no interaction effect was found (F values were 1.571, 1.291, 0.300, 0.354, respectively, all P > 0.05). The VT, WOB or time constant in both groups showed no significant changes with the prolongation of ventilation time, and no significant difference was found between the two groups, there was neither time effect (F values were 0.613, 1.049, 2.087, respectively, all P > 0.05) nor intervention effect (F values were 1.459, 0.514, 0.923, respectively, all P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: AMV+IntelliCycle ventilation mode can shorten the ventilation time of patients with mild-to-moderate ARDS, reduce mechanical power, and reduce the workload of medical care, but PaCO2 in the patients with AMV+IntelliCycle mode is higher than that in the patients with SIMV+PSV mode.

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