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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Banana (Musa acuminata) transcriptome profiling in response to rhizobacteria: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Bs006 and Pseudomonas fluorescens Ps006

Rocío M Gamez, Fernando Rodríguez, Newton Medeiros Vidal, Sandra Ramirez, Roberto Vera Alvarez, David Landsman, Leonardo Mariño-Ramírez
BMC Genomics 2019 May 14, 20 (1): 378
31088352

BACKGROUND: Banana is one of the most important crops in tropical and sub-tropical regions. To meet the demands of international markets, banana plantations require high amounts of chemical fertilizers which translate into high farming costs and are hazardous to the environment when used excessively. Beneficial free-living soil bacteria that colonize the rhizosphere are known as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). PGPR affect plant growth in direct or indirect ways and hold great promise for sustainable agriculture.

RESULTS: PGPR of the genera Bacillus and Pseudomonas in banana cv. Williams were evaluated. These plants were produced through in vitro culture and inoculated individually with two rhizobacteria, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain Bs006 and Pseudomonas fluorescens strain Ps006. Control plants without microbial inoculum were also evaluated. These plants were kept in a controlled climate growth room with conditions required to favor plant-microorganism interactions. These interactions were evaluated at 1-, 48- and 96-h using transcriptome sequencing after inoculation to establish differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in plants elicited by the interaction with the two rhizobacteria. Additionally, droplet digital PCR was performed at 1, 48, 96 h, and also at 15 and 30 days to validate the expression patterns of selected DEGs. The banana cv. Williams transcriptome reported differential expression in a large number of genes of which 22 were experimentally validated. Genes validated experimentally correspond to growth promotion and regulation of specific functions (flowering, photosynthesis, glucose catabolism and root growth) as well as plant defense genes. This study focused on the analysis of 18 genes involved in growth promotion, defense and response to biotic or abiotic stress.

CONCLUSIONS: Differences in banana gene expression profiles in response to the rhizobacteria evaluated here (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Bs006 and Pseudomonas fluorescens Ps006) are influenced by separate bacterial colonization processes and levels that stimulate distinct groups of genes at various points in time.

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