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Health-related quality of life in long-term survivors with localised prostate cancer by therapy-Results from a population-based study

Salome Adam, Lena Koch-Gallenkamp, Heike Bertram, Andrea Eberle, Bernd Holleczek, Ron Pritzkuleit, Mechthild Waldeyer-Sauerland, Annika Waldmann, Sylke Ruth Zeissig, Sabine Rohrmann, Hermann Brenner, Volker Arndt
European Journal of Cancer Care 2019 May 2, : e13076

OBJECTIVE: Several therapies for localised prostate cancer (PC) are available; all yield similar survival rates. However, each therapy has significant side effects that can influence patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the long run.

METHODS: The study sample included 911 survivors with localised PC, 5-15 years post-diagnosis who were identified from the population-based CAESAR + study in Germany. HRQoL was assessed using the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-PR25 questionnaires. The association between type of therapy and HRQoL was assessed with multivariable linear regression and global F-test adjusting for age, time since diagnosis and comorbidities.

RESULTS: Overall, survivors treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiotherapy (RT) alone reported the best HRQoL and the lowest symptom burden. Conversely, survivors treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) (& RP/RT) or RP & RT (in combination) reported the worst HRQoL and the highest symptom burden. Significant differences among treatment groups in HRQoL were found for global health status (p = 0.041), social functioning (p = 0.007), urinary symptoms (p = 0.035), bowel symptoms (p = 0.017) and hormonal treatment-related symptoms (p < 0.001) among other symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS: Long-term localised PC survivors formerly treated with a combination of RP and RT or with ADT report poorer HRQoL and more symptoms than patients treated with either RP or RT alone.


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