[Comparison of perioperative conditions between total and partial colpocleisis for elderly patients suffered from severe pelvic organ prolapse]

R Ju, X Yang, X L Sun, X W Li, G J Zhao, H Y Wang, J L Wang
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi 2019 January 25, 54 (1): 33-37
Objective: To study perioperative period conditions of total and partial colpocleisis with severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in elderly patients. Methods: From Jan. 2014 to Oct. 2017 286 severe POP elderly patients underwent total or partial colpocleisis. The mean age was (76.0±5.1) years (60-90 years) . Of which, 220 patients (76.9%, 220/286) presented more than one kind of medical disease. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay after surgery, postoperative complications, preoperative urinary dysuria symptoms of total and partial colpocleisis in treatment of 286 patients were analyzed. Results: In 286 patients, 172 patients (60.1%) underwent total colpocleisis and 114 patients (39.9%) underwent partial colpocleisis. Totally 48 patients (16.8%) in 286 patients underwent anti-urinary incontinence procedure. The mean operating time of 286 patients was (67±22) minutes,the mean blood loss was (52± 57) ml, the mean hospital stay after surgery was (5.9±1.9) days (2-16 days) . The rate of postoperative complications was 8.7% (25/286) . Those complications including 1 case of bladder injury during operation, 3 cases of postoperative pelvic hematoma, 1 case of intestinal obstruction, 5 cases of atrial fibrillation, 10 cases of postoperative morbidity, 3 cases of pulmonary embolism, 1 case of lower limb thrombosis, 1 case of urinary retention underwent electrical stimulation treatment because of ineffective application of urinary retention catheter. The mean operating time was (67±22) minutes in total colpocleisis and (68±20) minutes in partial colpocleisis ( P> 0.05) , the mean blood loss was (58±62) ml in total colpocleisis and (41±45) ml in partial colpocleisis ( P> 0.05) , the mean hospital stay after surgery was (5.9±1.9) days in total colpocleisis and (6.0±1.8) days in partial colpocleisis ( P> 0.05) , the rate of post operative complications was 8.1%(14/172) in total colpocleisis and 9.6% (11/114) in partial colpocleisis ( P> 0.05) , respectively; those four of comparisons showed no significant difference. There were 129 patients (45.1%, 129/286) with voiding difficulty before surgery; the mean postvoid residual volumes of the above two operation types of people after operation were (35±43) and (34±41) ml, which showed no significant difference ( P> 0.05) . Conclusions: Colpocleisis is a safe and effective management in selected elderly patients with severe POP, who no longer desire to maintain vaginal coital function. There is no significant difference in the perioperative period conditions between total and partial colpocleisis. The choice of surgical procedure is based on factors such as the presence or absence of malignancy in the uterus, age and willingness of the patient, and general condition.

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