RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Psychometric properties and clinical utility of brief measures of depression, anxiety, and general distress: The PHQ-2, GAD-2, and K-6.

OBJECTIVE: The nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), and ten-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10) are valid and reliable measures of depression, anxiety and general distress. However, the time required in their administration may limit their use in routine care. This study examines the utility of shorter versions (PHQ-2, GAD-2, and K-6) as screening instruments and measures of treatment response.

METHOD: Data from research trial participants (n = 993) receiving internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) were analysed to establish discriminant validity of the short versions. Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) diagnoses were used as comparators. Criterion group validity, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and responsiveness to treatment changes were examined. Analyses were replicated using data from patients receiving iCBT in routine care (n = 1389).

RESULTS: Discriminant validity was excellent for the PHQ-2, and acceptable for the GAD-2 and K-6. Acceptable sensitivity and specificity were identified at a threshold of ≥3 for the PHQ-2 and GAD-2, and ≥14 for the K-6. The short versions were sensitive to treatment change.

CONCLUSION: The PHQ-2, GAD-2 and K-6 are useful screeners and efficient measures of treatment progress and outcomes in routine clinical care.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app