MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Preclinical immunoPET/CT imaging using Zr-89-labeled anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody for assessing radiation-induced PD-L1 upregulation in head and neck cancer and melanoma

Masahiro Kikuchi, David A Clump, Raghvendra M Srivastava, Lingyi Sun, Dexing Zeng, Julio A Diaz-Perez, Carolyn J Anderson, W Barry Edwards, Robert L Ferris
Oncoimmunology 2017, 6 (7): e1329071
28811971
Radiation therapy (RT) can induce upregulation of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) on tumor cells or myeloid cells, which may affect response to PD-1-based immunotherapy. PD-L1 upregulation during RT is a dynamic process that has been difficult to monitor during treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the RT-induced PD-L1 upregulation in the tumor and its microenvironment using immunoPET/CT imaging of two syngeneic murine tumor models (HPV+ head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) or B16F10 melanoma). Tumors were established in two locations per mouse (neck and flank), and fractionated RT (2 Gy × 4 or 2 Gy × 10) was delivered only to the neck tumor, alone or during anti-PD-1 mAb immunotherapy. PD-L1 expression was measured by PET/CT imaging using Zr-89 labeled anti-mouse PD-L1 mAb, and results were validated by flow cytometry. PET/CT imaging demonstrated significantly increased tracer uptake in irradiated neck tumors compared with non-irradiated flank tumors. Ex vivo analysis by biodistribution and flow cytometry validated PD-L1 upregulation specifically in irradiated tumors. In the HNSCC model, RT-induced PD-L1 upregulation was only observed after 2 Gy × 10 fractionated RT, while in the B16F10 model upregulation of PD-L1 occurred after 2 Gy × 4 fractionated RT. Fractionated RT, but not anti-PD-1 therapy, upregulated PD-L1 expression on tumor and infiltrating inflammatory cells in murine models, which could be non-invasively monitored by immunoPET/CT imaging using Zr-89 labeled anti-mouse PD-L1 mAb, and differentially identified anti-PD-1 responsive as well as selectively irradiated tumors in vivo .

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28811971
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"