Coexistence of EGFR, KRAS, BRAF, and PIK3CA Mutations and ALK Rearrangement in a Comprehensive Cohort of 326 Consecutive Spanish Nonsquamous NSCLC Patients

Paloma Martín Martorell, Marisol Huerta, Amparo Compañ Quilis, Rosario Abellán, Enrique Seda, Sebastián Blesa, Felipe J Chaves, Diego Dualde Beltrán, Susana Roselló Keränen, José Franco, Amelia Insa
Clinical Lung Cancer 2017, 18 (6): e395-e402

INTRODUCTION: Molecular screening is crucial for the care of nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The coexistence of mutations could have important consequences regarding treatment. We described the mutational patterns and coexistence among patients and their outcomes after targeted treatment.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from consecutive patients with newly diagnosed nonsquamous NSCLC were prospectively collected. Next-generation sequencing analysis of mutational hotspots in the EGFR, KRAS, PIK3CA, and BRAF genes and analysis of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement were performed.

RESULTS: A total of 326 patients with nonsquamous NSCLC were identified. Of the 326 patients, 240 (73.6%) had EGFR, 141 (43.3%) KRAS, 137 (42.0%) BRAF, 130 (39.9%) PIK3CA mutation and 148 (45.4%) ALK rearrangement determined. Of the 240 with EGFR determination, 24.1% harbored EGFR mutations. Of these, 16.3% were activating mutations (43.6%, exon 19 deletion; 46.1%, exon 21; and 10.3%, exon 18) and 7.9% were nonsensitizing EGFR mutations. Furthermore, 39.0% had KRAS mutations, 2.9% BRAF mutations, 10.0% PIK3CA mutations, and 8.8% ALK rearrangements. Of the 154 stage IV patients with ≥ 1 mutations, analysis showed 19 coexisting cases (12.3%). Of 8 patients receiving targeted treatment, 6 had no response. Both responders to targeted treatment had coexistent PIK3CA mutations.

CONCLUSION: Driver mutations can coexist in nonsquamous NSCLC. In our cohort, 12.3% of cases with stage IV disease had multiple mutations. Targeted treatment might not be as effective in patients with coexisting mutations; however, coexistence with PIK3CA might not preclude a response.

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