Using Accelerometer-Based Portable Navigation to Perform Accurate Total Knee Arthroplasty Bone Resection in Asian Patients

Hideki Ueyama, Yoshio Matsui, Yukihide Minoda, Masanori Matsuura, Hiroaki Nakamura
Orthopedics 2017 May 1, 40 (3): e465-e472
Implant alignment is an important factor affecting clinical results associated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA). No report exists showing the utility of an accelerometer-based portable navigation system among patients with marked femoral bowing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a portable navigation system for implant alignment in Asian patients with marked femoral bowing. The authors evaluated 142 consecutive TKAs performed for primary osteoarthritis since July 2013. A portable navigation system was used in 67 knees, and a conventional jig was used in 75 knees. The authors measured the mechanical axis and femoral/tibial component alignments on long-leg radiographs obtained 2 weeks after TKA. In addition, coronal bowing of the lower limb was evaluated. The results were analyzed in the general and marked femoral bowing subgroups. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups for demographic data. The rates of femoral component outliers in the coronal plane for the navigation system and conventional technique were 1.5% and 13.3% (P=.01), respectively. Marked femoral bowing was observed in 73 knees. In the subgroup of patients with marked femoral bowing, femoral coronal alignment and its outliers were more accurate in the navigation group (0%) than in the conventional group (16.2%) (P=.025). This is the first report to show the utility of an accelerometer-based portable navigation system for accurate prosthetic alignment among Asian patients with marked femoral bowing. The navigation system decreased outliers in coronal alignment of the femur, even in cases of marked femoral bowing, but did not increase complications. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(3):e465-e472.].

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