JOURNAL ARTICLE

Changes in serum biomarker profiles after percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system

Ji-Na Yoon, Antonio H Frangieh, Adrian Attinger-Toller, Christiane Gruner, Felix C Tanner, Maurizio Taramasso, Roberto Corti, Thomas F Lüscher, Frank Ruschitzka, Dominique Bettex, Francesco Maisano, Oliver Gaemperli
Cardiology Journal 2016, 23 (4): 384-92
27296161

BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is one of the most common valvular diseases. Percu-taneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClipTM system is a novel percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) technique for high-surgical-risk patients. However, the effect of PMVR on cir-culating cardiac or inflammatory biomarkers and their association with individual functional, echocardiographic and clinical outcomes is poorly investigated.

METHODS: A group of 144 patients with functional or degenerative MR (age, 75 ± 11 years; 41% females) underwent PMVR with the MitraClip system at the University Heart Center Zu-rich. Serum biomarkers as N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatinine were obtained from venous sampling at baseline and follow-up of 3-6 months.

RESULTS: Median NT-proBNP decreased insignificantly from 2,942 (IQR 1,596-5,722) to 2,739 (IQR 1,440-4,296) ng/L, p = 0.21. NT-proBNP changes did not correlate with baseline left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction or LV dimensions, with New York Heart Association class on follow-up, or with clinical events on follow-up. CRP levels reached a peak on the third postoperative day at 34.0 mg/L with a subsequent slow decrease over the ensuing days.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite successful PMVR, NT-proBNP remain fairly unchanged on follow-up and changes in NT-proBNP levels are poor predictors of functional improvement or clinical outcome after MitraClip treatment.

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