JOURNAL ARTICLE

Excellent Long-term Breast Preservation Rate After Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation Using a Balloon Device

Justin M Mann, Adrian D Osian, Andrew Brandmaier, Weisi Yan, Kap-Jae Sung, Beth Siegel, Simon Fink, Barry Kaplan, Malvin Fulman, Guojiao Wu, Paul Christos, Dattatreyudu Nori, Akkamma Ravi
Clinical Breast Cancer 2016, 16 (3): 217-22
26948247

BACKGROUND: Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) using a balloon device has been well tolerated. A recent retrospective population-based study showed an increase in the rate of subsequent mastectomy for patients who undergo APBI compared with whole breast radiation therapy. Our aim was to analyze the long-term results of patients treated with APBI at our institution to determine the salvage mastectomy and locoregional recurrence rates and cosmesis outcomes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we conducted a retrospective review of 111 patients treated from June 2003 to October 2014 at our institution for early-stage breast cancer using a balloon device. After lumpectomy and nodal staging, the patients underwent APBI with high-dose rate iridium-192 brachytherapy. A computed tomography-based 3-dimensional plan was created, and a dose of 34 Gy in 10 fractions was given twice daily, 6 hours apart, over 5 days. Follow-up examinations were performed 2 to 3 times annually by either a surgeon and/or a radiation oncologist. Annual mammograms were obtained. The patients included postmenopausal women with node-negative early-stage invasive ductal carcinoma with a tumor size < 3 cm (n = 93) or ductal carcinoma in situ (n = 18). Cosmesis was evaluated using the Harvard criteria, as excellent, good, fair, or poor.

RESULTS: At a median follow-up period of 66 months (range, 1-139 months) after completing treatment, with a minimum of 5 years of follow-up data for 62 patients (55.9%), the incidence of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) was 2.7% (n = 3) and the incidence of ipsilateral axilla nodal recurrence was 1.8% (n = 2). The ipsilateral breast preservation rate was 97.3%. The salvage mastectomy rate was 2.7% (n = 3), and the 5-year salvage mastectomy-free rate was 98.7% (95% confidence interval, 91.0%-99.8%). No distant failure developed, and no breast cancer-related deaths occurred. The 5-year overall survival rate was 91.7% (95% confidence interval, 83.2%-96.0%), and the 10-year breast cancer-specific survival rate was 100%. Of the 3 cases of IBTR, 2 were estrogen receptor negative (P = .076). The mean interval to IBTR was 78.7 ± 27.5 months from treatment completion. A significant association was noted between African-American ethnicity and IBTR (P = .0398). Excellent to good cosmesis was observed in 98.1% of the patients. The maximum skin dose (mean value) for patients with excellent, good, and fair cosmesis was 302.2 Gy, 315.4 Gy, and 372.5 Gy (88.9%, 92.7%, and 109.5% of the prescription dose), respectively. The maximum skin dose was < 340 Gy (100% of the prescribed dose) in 69.9% of patients with excellent to good cosmesis.

CONCLUSION: The long-term follow-up data of patients receiving APBI with a balloon device showed a low salvage mastectomy rate with durable long-term breast preservation. Excellent local control with good cosmesis was noted in these postmenopausal patients treated with APBI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26948247
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"