Read by QxMD icon Read

[Contribution of red blood group genotyping for recipients in immune-hematology through three years of activity at the EFS Alpes-Méditerranée]

M Silvy, L Filosa, J Chiaroni, P Bailly
Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine 2014, 21 (6): 289-95

AIM OF THE STUDY: Current knowledge of the molecular basis of most blood groups enables genetic testing for blood groups to overcome the limitations of agglutination. A retrospective review was carried out on genotyping assays performed between 2011 and 2013.

METHODS AND PATIENTS: The Molecular Hematology Laboratory of the EFS Alpes-Méditerranée implements commercially available tools (BioArray, Gen-Probe) and other techniques (TaqMan, tetra-primer ARMS-PCR, sequencing). It provides a high-level of expertise in molecular biology, complying with regulatory requirements and standards.

RESULTS: A total of 2382 genotyping assays was performed including 764 extended typings and 115 large extended typings essentially in cases involving multiple transfusion and suspected rare blood type. Phenotype discrepancies linked to the RH system accounted for 1501 genotypings. Discrepancies linked to the D and E were mainly related to an allele coding for weak antigen (weak D type 1, 2, 3 and EIV) while those linked to C, c and e antigens were related to an allele coding for a partial antigen (RN, ces(340), ceMo). A high prevalence of (C)ces haplotype in trans of a DAR allele was observed in Afro-Caribbean (54/62).

CONCLUSION: In transfusion medicine, red-cell genotyping can overcome the limitations of hemagglutination. It must be used only in situations where it provides a benefit either for the patient or resource management. For implementation of appropriate transfusional practices, this technique requires a sound knowledge of the genetic characteristics of blood groups and clinically relevant variants. It also requires competency with molecular biology tools and continuously updated scientific data.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"