JOURNAL ARTICLE

Association of Obesity and Kidney Function Decline among Non-Diabetic Adults with eGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73m 2 : Results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

Anna Malkina, Ronit Katz, Michael G Shlipak, Joachim H Ix, Ian H de Boer, Mark J Sarnak, Matthew Allison, Holly J Kramer, Julie Lin, David Siscovick, Carmen A Peralta
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases 2013 May 23, 3 (2): 103-112
25210651

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with higher end-stage renal disease incidence, but associations with earlier forms of kidney disease remain incompletely characterized.

METHODS: We studied the association of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with rapid kidney function decline and incident chronic kidney disease in 4573 non-diabetic adults with eGFR ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73m2 at baseline from longitudinal Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis cohort. Kidney function was estimated by creatinine and cystatin C. Multivariate analysis was adjusted for age, race, baseline eGFR, and hypertension.

RESULTS: Mean age was 60 years old, BMI 28 kg/m2 , baseline eGFRCr 82 and eGFRCys 95 ml/min/1.73m2 . Over 5 years of follow up, 25% experienced rapid decline in renal function by eGFRCr and 22% by eGFRCys . Incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) developed in 3.3% by eGFRCys , 11% by eGFRCr , and 2.4% by both makers. Compared to persons with BMI < 25, overweight (BMI 25 - 30) persons had the lowest risk of rapid decline by eGFRCr (0.84, 0.71 - 0.99). In contrast, higher BMI categories were associated with stepwise higher odds of rapid decline by eGFRCys , but remained significant only when BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 (1.87, 1.41 - 2.48). Associations of BMI with incident CKD were insignificant after adjustment. Large WC and WHR were associated with increased risk of rapid decline only by eGFRCys , and of incident CKD only when defined by both filtration markers.

CONCLUSIONS: Obesity may be a risk factor for kidney function decline, but associations vary by filtration marker used.

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