Prediction of postoperative atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: is CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc score useful?

Deepak Borde, Uday Gandhe, Neha Hargave, Kaushal Pandey, Manish Mathew, Shreedhar Joshi
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia 2014, 17 (3): 182-7

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common arrhythmia after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. The identification of patients at risk for POAF would be helpful to guide prophylactic therapy. Presently, there is no simple preoperative scoring system available to predict patients at higher risk of POAF. In a retrospective observational study, we evaluated the usefulness of CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc score to predict POAF after CABG.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: After obtaining approval from Institutional Review Board, 729 patients undergoing CABG on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were enrolled. Patients were followed in the postoperative period for POAF. A multiple regression analysis was run to predict POAF from various variables. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was calculated to test discriminatory power of CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc score to predict POAF.

RESULTS: POAF occurred in 95 (13%) patients. The patients with POAF had higher CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc scores than those without POAF (4.09 ± 0.90 vs. 2.31 ± 1.21; P < 0.001). The POAF rates after cardiac surgery increased with increasing CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc scores. The odds ratio for predicting POAF was highest with higher CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc scores (3.68). When ROC curve was calculated for the CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc scores, area of 0.87 was obtained, which was statistically significant (P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: The CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc score was found useful in predicting POAF after CABG. This scoring system is simple and convenient to use in the preoperative period to alert the clinician about higher probability of POAF after CABG surgery.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"