Mean platelet volume, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio in severe preeclampsia

Ali Yavuzcan, Mete Cağlar, Yusuf Ustün, Serdar Dilbaz, Ismail Ozdemir, Elif Yildiz, Sitki Ozbilgeç, Selahattin Kumru
Ginekologia Polska 2014, 85 (3): 197-203

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the changes in the values of leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, mean platelet volume (MPV), and systemic inflammatory response (SIR) markers (neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio/ platelet-lymphocyte ratio) in patients with severe preeclampsia (PE) of healthy pregnant and non-pregnant women.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hematological parameters including MPV and SIR markers [neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR)] were compered between the between three groups comprising of women with severe PE, healthy pregnant women and healthy non-pregnant women.

RESULTS: MPV and PLR did not show statistically significant differences between the three groups (p=0.081, p=0.098). NLR showed a statistically significant difference between the three groups (p=0.000). NLR values of patients with severe PE were statistically significantly higher than healthy non-pregnant women (p=0.000). No statistically significant difference was found between patients with severe PE and healthy pregnant women (p=0.721). The cut-off value of the leukocyte number for severe PE was 7.6 x 10(3)/ml, with 76.7% sensitivity and 60.6% specificity. The cut-off value of neutrophil number was 6.4 x 10(3)/ml for the group with severe PE, with 76.7% sensitivity and 69% specificity.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that MPV level did not differ among patients with severe PE, healthy pregnant women and non-pregnant women. NLR cannot be used to identify patients with severe PE. PLR measured before termination of pregnancy is not an effective marker for severe PE, either.


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