Recurrence of morphea after successful ultraviolet A1 phototherapy: A cohort study

Rebecca Vasquez, Aysha Jabbar, Fatima Khan, Douglas Buethe, Chul Ahn, Heidi Jacobe
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2014, 70 (3): 481-8

BACKGROUND: Studies support efficacy of ultraviolet (UV)A1 phototherapy, but little is known about recurrence after successful UVA1 treatment.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the frequency of recurrent activity after UVA1 phototherapy and variables associated with recurrence.

METHODS: This was a case series and prospective cohort study of patients treated with UVA1 phototherapy with minimum 6 months of follow-up. Demographics, clinical features, and cumulative UVA1 dose were analyzed for association with recurrence.

RESULTS: Of 37 patients, 46% (n = 17) had recurrence of active morphea lesions after successful UVA1 phototherapy. Two-year and 3-year (after the last UVA1 phototherapy treatment) recurrence rates were 44.5% (95% confidence interval 30.1%-62.2%) and 48.4% (95% confidence interval 33.2%-66.1%), respectively. The only variable associated with recurrence was duration of morphea before UVA1 (P value = .02, hazard ratio 1.15, 95% confidence interval 1.06-1.27).

LIMITATIONS: The sample size limits conclusions.

CONCLUSION: With the exception of increased duration of morphea, risk of recurrence is no different in adults and children, or between morphea subtypes, skin types, and medium- to high-dose regimens. This indicates treatment doses in the medium-high UVA1 range are adequate with respect to frequency of recurrence.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.