JOURNAL ARTICLE

Enhanced production of poly(lactate-co-3-hydroxybutyrate) from xylose in engineered Escherichia coli overexpressing a galactitol transporter

John Masani Nduko, Ken'ichiro Matsumoto, Toshihiko Ooi, Seiichi Taguchi
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 2014, 98 (6): 2453-60
24337250
Poly(lactate-co-3-hydroxybutyrate) (P(LA-co-3HB)) was previously produced from xylose in engineered Escherichia coli. The aim of this study was to increase the polymer productivity and LA fraction in P(LA-co-3HB) using two metabolic engineering approaches: (1) deletions of competing pathways to lactate production and (2) overexpression of a galactitol transporter (GatC), which contributes to the ATP-independent xylose uptake. Engineered E. coli mutants (ΔpflA, Δpta, ΔackA, ΔpoxB, Δdld, and a dual mutant; ΔpflA + Δdld) and their parent strain, BW25113, were grown on 20 g l(-1) xylose for P(LA-co-3HB) production. The single deletions of ΔpflA, Δpta, and Δdld increased the LA fraction (58-66 mol%) compared to BW25113 (56 mol%). In particular, the ΔpflA + Δdld strain produced P(LA-co-3HB) containing 73 mol% LA. Furthermore, GatC overexpression increased both polymer yields and LA fractions in ΔpflA, Δpta, and Δdld mutants, and BW25113. The ΔpflA + gatC strain achieved a productivity of 8.3 g l(-1), which was 72 % of the theoretical maximum yield. Thus, to eliminate limitation of the carbon source, higher concentration of xylose was fed. As a result, BW25113 harboring gatC grown on 40 g l(-1) xylose reached the highest P(LA-co-3HB) productivity of 14.4 g l(-1). On the other hand, the ΔpflA + Δdld strain grown on 30 g l(-1) xylose synthesized 6.4 g l(-1) P(LA-co-3HB) while maintaining the highest LA fraction (73 mol%). The results indicated the usefulness of GatC for enhanced production of P(LA-co-3HB) from xylose, and the gene deletions to upregulate the LA fraction in P(LA-co-3HB). The polymers obtained had weight-averaged molecular weights in the range of 34,000-114,000.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24337250
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"