OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Evaluation of IgY capture ELISA for sensitive detection of alpha hemolysin of Staphylococcus aureus without staphylococcal protein A interference

Prakash Kudumala Reddy, Aravind Shekar, Joseph Jeyabalaji Kingston, Murali Harishchandra Sripathy, Harshvardhan Batra
Journal of Immunological Methods 2013 May 31, 391 (1-2): 31-8
23454246
Staphylococcal protein A (Spa) secreted by all Staphylococcus aureus strains is the major hindrance in development of specific immunoassays for detecting S. aureus antigens, because of its characteristic feature of binding to Fc region of most mammalian immunoglobulins and also to Fab region of certain classes of mammalian immunoglobulins. Immunoglobulin Y (IgY) is the avian equivalent of mammalian IgG which does not have any affinity to Spa. In the present study we report that using chicken egg yolk IgY over mammalian IgG as capture antibody prevents both soluble and surface bound protein A from causing false positives quantified by chicken anti-protein A antibodies. This was demonstrated by development of sandwich ELISA for detection of alpha hemolysin toxin from culture supernatants of S. aureus strains with anti alpha hemolysin IgY as capture and rabbit anti alpha hemolysin IgG as revealing antibody. This indirect sandwich ELISA was evaluated onto a large number of S. aureus isolates recovered from clinical sources for alpha hemolysin secretion. Results of sandwich ELISA were compared with PCR and Western blot analysis. The immunoassay is highly specific and has high sensitivity of detecting less than 1 ng/ml. This procedure is highly effective in eliminating Spa interference and can be extended to detection of other important superantigen toxins of S. aureus.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23454246
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"