JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Efficacy and safety of docetaxol, pemetrexed and EGFR-TKIs as second-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer]

Ru-xia Zhang, Dong-yan Cai, Xiao-hong Wu, Dong Hua
Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology] 2012, 34 (11): 869-72
23291140

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of docetaxol, pemetrexed and EGFR-TKIs in the second-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

METHODS: The clinical data of 170 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who failed standard first-line chemotherapy were reviewed. Those who received docetaxol as second-line therapy were designated as group A (n = 60), those who received pemetrexed as second-line therapy were designated as group B (n = 49), and those who received EGFR-TKIs as second-line therapy were designated as group C (n = 61). PFS and MST were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method and the differences between groups were compared by log-rank test.

RESULTS: The response rate in the groups A, B and C group was 15.0% (9/60), 24.5% (12/49) and 36.1% (22/61), respectively. The PFS after second-line therapy in the groups A, B and C was 5.49 months (95%CI: 4.03 - 6.95 months), 5.42 months (95%CI: 4.23 - 6.60 months) and 9.31 months (95%CI: 6.88 - 11.73 months), respectively (P = 0.045). The MST after second-line therapy in the groups A, B and C was 14.89 months (95%CI: 11.23 - 18.55 months), 15.81 months (95%CI: 12.11 - 19.52 months) and 17.47 months (95%CI: 13.38 - 21.56 months), respectively (P = 0.574). Regression analysis showed that the performance status score (PS) and response for second-line treatment are independent prognostic factors in each sub-group, and pathological type is an independent prognostic factor in the group C (P = 0.003).

CONCLUSIONS: The safety of the three drugs used as second-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, who failed standard first-line chemotherapy, is comparable, but the EGFR-TKIs group has the highest response rate, and the EGFR-TKIs group has the longest PFS with a statistically significant difference, while there is no significant difference in MST among the three groups. When patients receive second-line treatment, the performance status < 2 and the response rate for second-line treatment are independent prognostic factors. Furthermore, pathological type (adenocarcinoma) is also an independent prognostic factor for EGFR-TKIs as second-line treatment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23291140
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"