Small bowel imaging in celiac disease

Christina A Tennyson, Carol E Semrad
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America 2012, 22 (4): 735-46
Celiac disease is a common inflammatory disease of the small intestine triggered by gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Diagnosis is made by serologic testing and upper endoscopy with small bowel biopsy in most individuals. Celiac patients may present with abdominal pain or nonspecific gastrointestinal complaints that result in radiologic imaging before diagnosis of celiac disease. Wireless video capsule endoscopy, device-assisted enteroscopy, and enterography allow careful examination of the entire small bowel and targeted sampling of suspicious lesions. This review focuses on the role of device-assisted enteroscopy and radiologic imaging, in particular enterography, in celiac disease.

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