Efficacy and safety of adoptive immunotherapy using anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor transduced T-cells: a systematic review of phase I clinical trials

Xiao-Jun Xu, Hai-Zhao Zhao, Yong-Min Tang
Leukemia & Lymphoma 2013, 54 (2): 255-60
There remain some key questions regarding the adoptive infusion of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) transduced T-cells in the clinical setting. This article systematically reviews the phase I clinical trials using CARs targeting CD19 in B-lineage malignancies. Twenty-nine patients were enrolled and the 6-month progression free survival for this cohort was 50.0 ± 9.9%. Univariate analysis showed that patients benefited from lymphodepletion before CAR+T-cell infusion and the administration of interleukin-2 (IL-2). Longer-term persistence (≥ 4 weeks) and stronger expansion of CAR+ T-cells in the blood and higher peak serum interferon-γ (IFN-γ) level (≥ 200 pg/mL) were also related to superior outcome. Regarding treatment-related adverse events, the most prominent toxicities were fever, rigors, chills, acute renal failure, hypotension and capillary leak syndrome. In conclusion, anti-CD19 CAR+ T-cells have shown some benefits in patients with B-lineage malignancies and are well tolerated in most patients. Preconditioning and cytokine supplement are required to improve the clinical outcome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"