JOURNAL ARTICLE

Minimal mesh repair for apical and anterior prolapse: initial anatomical and subjective outcomes

Manhan K Vu, Juraj Letko, Kelly Jirschele, Adam Gafni-Kane, Aimee Nguyen, Honyan Du, Roger P Goldberg
International Urogynecology Journal 2012, 23 (12): 1753-61
22531956

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Here we describe anatomic and quality of life (QOL) outcomes of an anterior and apical compartment prolapse repair involving a reduced mesh implant size and apex-only fixation.

METHODS: One hundred and fifteen patients undergoing the repair at a single urogynecology center were assessed using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) and inpatient chart reviews. A horizontal incision eliminated overlap with the mesh, and each sacrospinous ligament was approached anteriorly by blunt dissection. Recurrence was defined as apical (C), or anterior (Aa or Ba) ≥0, and secondary analyses were performed using POP-Q ≥ -1 as the anatomic threshold. Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI), Surgical Satisfaction Questionnaires (SSQ) and a dyspareunia symptom scale were analyzed pre- and postoperatively.

RESULTS: Fifty-three women with uterus in situ demonstrated a combined anterior-apical recurrence rate of 1.89 %, including no anterior (Ba ≥ -1) and one apical (C ≥ -1) recurrence. Forty-seven women undergoing repair for vault prolapse had recurrence rates ranging from 0 % in those with prior hysterectomy to 4.2 % in those undergoing concurrent hysterectomy. The rate of mesh exposure was 3/115 (2.6 %), including two in women with concurrent hysterectomy. Self-reported dyspareunia was more common preoperatively (13.4 %) than postoperatively (9.3 %). PFDI scores improved in all domains, and 93 % completing the SSQ reported they were satisfied and would choose the surgery again.

CONCLUSIONS: This technique resulted in successful outcomes within both anterior and apical compartments with a low rate of mesh complication, and no cases required mesh removal or hospital readmission. High rates of satisfaction and improved condition-specific QOL were observed.

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