Knee function in 10-year-old children and adults with Generalised Joint Hypermobility

Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Henrik Hansen, Erik B Simonsen, Tine Alkjær, Jens Halkjær Kristensen, Bente Rona Jensen, Lars Remvig
Knee 2012, 19 (6): 773-8

PURPOSE: Knee function is reduced in patients with Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome. The aim was to study knee function in children and adults with Generalised Joint Hypermobility (GJH) and Non-GJH (NGJH)).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a matched comparative study, 39 children and 36 adults (mean age children 10.2 years; adults 40.3 years) were included, comprising 19 children and 18 adults with GJH (Beighton ≥ 5/9; Beighton ≥ 4/9), minimum one hypermobile knee, no knee pain (children), and 20 children and 18 adults with NGJH (Beighton <5; Beighton <4). Totally, 85% of the adults were parents to these children. Knee function was determined by self-reported physical fitness (100mm VAS), Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) (only adults), measured maximum isokinetic knee strength (60°/s) and peak vertical jump displacement (PVJD), with calculated knee strength balance, Hamstring/Quadriceps (H/Q) ratio and peak rate of force development (PRFD).

RESULTS: Adults with GJH had lower knee function (KOOS: pain, p=0.001; symptoms, p=0.001; Activities of Daily Living, p=0.001; Sport/Recreation, p=0.003; knee-related quality of life, p<0.001), and H/Q ratio (0.46 vs. 0.54, p=0.046) than adults with NGJH, regardless of age and knee pain. Both GJH groups had normal physical fitness, isokinetic knee strength, and (only children) H/Q ratio.

CONCLUSIONS: Children at 10 years with GJH have normal, but adults with GJH have impaired knee function. To track the risk of developing impaired knee function, children with GJH must be followed longitudinally. Meanwhile, attention to knee function may be given to children with GJH who have parents presenting GJH.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"