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COMPARATIVE STUDY
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Comparison of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) with other bariatric procedures; a systematic review of the randomised controlled trials

P D Chakravarty, E McLaughlin, D Whittaker, E Byrne, E Cowan, K Xu, D M Bruce, J A Ford
Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland 2012, 10 (3): 172-82
22405735

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery can provide efficient weight loss and improvement in obesity-related co-morbidities in adults. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) comprised 30.3% of all bariatric procedures between 2009 and 2010 in the UK. This review evaluates the level 1 evidence for change in co-morbidities, quality of life (QoL) and weight provided by LAGB compared with other bariatric procedures.

METHOD: Systematic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL (1988 to May 2011) was performed. Only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Studies with non-surgical comparators, open gastric banding procedures or adolescent participants were excluded. Primary outcome was change in co-morbidities. Secondary outcomes included QoL, weight loss, complications, operation time and length of stay.

RESULTS: Five RCTs met the inclusion criteria. Vertical banded gastroplasty, sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass were compared to LAGB. Co-morbidities were reported in two studies and QoL in one. LAGB was comparable to other procedures for both of these outcomes. All five trials showed LABG to be effective in weight loss, however all comparative procedures resulted in greater weight loss. Operative time and length of hospital stay were significantly shorter with LAGB. Short-term complications were found to be consistently lower in the LAGB group. Evidence was divided with respect to long-term complications.

CONCLUSION: Co-morbidities and QoL are poorly reported and showed no difference between LAGB and other bariatric procedures. Evidence suggests that LAGB is not the most effective surgical procedure to reduce weight. LAGB is associated with lower early complications and shorter operative time and length of stay, and therefore may be preferable to patients.

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