Bone dimensions in the posterior mandible: a retrospective radiographic study using cone beam computed tomography. Part 1—analysis of dentate sites

Vedrana Braut, Michael M Bornstein, Roland Lauber, Daniel Buser
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry 2012, 32 (2): 175-84
This retrospective radiographic study analyzed the dimensions of the alveolar bone in the posterior dentate mandible based on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. A total of 56 CBCT images met the inclusion criteria, resulting in a sample size of 122 cross sections showing posterior mandibular teeth (premolars and molars). The thickness of the buccal and lingual bone walls was measured at two locations: 4 mm apical to the cementoenamel junction (measurement point 1, MP1) and at the middle of the root (measurement point 2, MP2). Further, alveolar bone width was assessed at the level of the most coronal buccal bone detectable (alveolar bone width 1, BW1) and at the superior border of the mandibular canal (alveolar bone width 2, BW2). The vertical distance between the two as well as the presence of a lingual undercut were also analyzed. There was a steady increase in buccal bone wall thickness from the first premolar to the second molar at both MP1 and MP2. BW1 at the level of the premolars was significantly thinner than that for molars. Alveolar bone height was constant for all teeth examined. For the selection of an appropriate postextraction treatment approach, analysis of the alveolar bone dimensions at the tooth to be extracted by means of CBCT can offer valuable information concerning bone volume and morphology at the future implant site.

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