Chryseobacterium viscerum sp. nov., isolated from diseased fish

L Zamora, A I Vela, M A Palacios, C Sánchez-Porro, L A Svensson-Stadler, L Domínguez, E R B Moore, A Ventosa, J F Fernández-Garayzábal
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 2012, 62 (Pt 12): 2934-40
A taxonomic study was carried out on five Gram-staining-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the gills and livers of five diseased rainbow trout. The five novel isolates were designated strains 687B-08(T), 445-08, 452-08, 453B-08 and 967B-08. In phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, the five novel strains appeared almost identical (99.0-100 % sequence similarity) and to belong to the genus Chryseobacterium. Strain 687B-08(T) (the strain selected to represent the five novel isolates) was found to be most closely related to Chryseobacterium oncorhynchi 701B-08(T) (98.9% sequence similarity), Chryseobacterium ureilyticum F-Fue-04IIIaaaa(T) (98.6%), Chryseobacterium indologenes ATCC 29897(T) (98.3%), Chryseobacterium jejuense JS17-8(T) (98.1%) and Chryseobacterium gleum ATCC 35910(T) (98.1%). In DNA-DNA hybridizations, DNA-DNA relatedness values of 99-100% were recorded between the five novel strains. Lower DNA-DNA relatedness values (21-57%) were recorded between strain 687B-08(T) and C. oncorhynchi 701B-08(T), C. ureilyticum F-Fue-04IIIaaaa(T) and the type strains of other closely related, established species of the genus Chryseobacterium. The predominant respiratory quinone of strain 687B-08(T) was MK-6 and the major cellular fatty acids were iso-C(15:0), iso-C(17:1)ω9c, iso-C(17:0) 3-OH and C(16:1)ω6c. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain 687B-08(T) was 38.6 mol%. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic evidence, the five novel strains isolated from rainbow trout represent a single, novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium, for which the name Chryseobacterium viscerum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 687B-08(T) ( = CECT 7793(T)  = CCUG 60103(T)).

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