Inhibition mechanism of carbapenem antibiotics on acylpeptide hydrolase, a key enzyme in the interaction with valproic acid

Eiko Suzuki, Daisuke Nakai, Naotoshi Yamamura, Nobuhiro Kobayashi, Osamu Okazaki, Takashi Izumi
Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems 2011, 41 (11): 958-63
We have reported that inhibition of acylpeptide hydrolase (APEH), identified as valproic acid glucuronide hydrolase in human liver cytosol, by carbapenem antibiotics could lead to a decrease of plasma levels of valproic acid. In this study, we examined the inhibition mechanism using human liver cytosol and purified porcine APEH with a similar property to human counterpart. After preincubation of human liver cytosol with panipenem or meropenem for 30 min, the inhibition of APEH activity was 20-fold stronger than that without preincubation. Porcine APEH activity inhibited by meropenem did not recover after dialysis. Meropenem bound to porcine APEH and the binding was blocked by a serine hydrolase inhibitor, diisopropyl fluorophosphate. Open β-lactam ring form of meropenem did not affect APEH activity in human liver cytosol. Likewise, other antibiotics, which have a different heterocycle adjacent to the β-lactam ring with an opposite configuration of the side chain from carbapenems, did not inhibit APEH activity. In conclusion, carbapenems inhibit APEH in both reversible and true irreversible manner and the irreversible inhibition is partially explained by binding to the active serine of APEH. The closed β-lactam ring is essential for inhibition and the heterocycle and/or the configuration of side chain would be important.

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