Objective performance goals of safety and blood pressure efficacy for clinical trials of renal artery bare metal stents in hypertensive patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis

Krishna J Rocha-Singh, Victor Novack, Michael Pencina, Ralph D'Agostino, Gary Ansel, Kenneth Rosenfield, Michael R Jaff
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 2011 November 1, 78 (5): 779-89

OBJECTIVE: To provide safety and performance goals for prospective single-arm trials of bare metal renal artery stenting in patients with resistant hypertension associated with high grade atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis.

BACKGROUND: To date, there have been no US Pre-Market Approval (PMA) bare metal renal stent device trials which have focused on improvement of blood pressure control as a primary effectiveness endpoint.

METHODS: Analysis of subject-level data from three large industry sponsored pre-market approval (PMA) trials was performed. Hypertensive patients (≥ 155 mmHg) with a ≥ 50% atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis were included. Thirty day and 9-month systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements, renal function and 9-month duplex ultrasound assessment of renal artery patency were analyzed.

RESULTS: Initial data analysis of 600 patients from the 3 PMA trials identified 286 patients who met inclusion criteria. The mean baseline systolic blood pressure was 177.8 ± 19.3 mmHg with a mean 68.1% diameter renal artery stenosis. Nine months after successful stenting, the mean SBP was 156.7 ± 24.1 mmHg; the 9 month restenosis rate was 14.4%.

CONCLUSION: Based on the statistical modeling of these data and a priori established performance criteria, the co-primary endpoints of 9 month reduction in blood pressure and in-stent restenosis are proposed. The reduction in blood pressure will be analyzed as a continuous variable and will be compared to this performance goal.

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