Silencing MTA1 by RNAi reverses adhesion, migration and invasiveness of cervical cancer cells (SiHa) via altered expression of p53, and E-cadherin/β-catenin complex

Yumei Rao, Hongyan Wang, Liangsheng Fan, Gang Chen
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences 2011, 31 (1): 1-9
It has been reported that metastasis-associated gene 1 (Mta1) is overexpressed in many malignant tumors with high metastatic potential. In addition, some studies indicated that MTA1 participated in invasion, metastasis, and survival of cancer cells by regulating cell migration, adhesion and proliferation. But the role of MTA1 is unclear in vitro in the development of cervical cancer cells. This study investigated whether and how MTA1 mediated cell proliferation, migration, invasion and adhesion in cervical cancer. MTA1 expression level was detected by Western blot in two cervical cancer cell lines of different invasion potentials. The effects of MTA1 expression on SiHa cell apoptosis, cycle, proliferation, migration, invasion and adhesion were tested by flow cytometry, MTT, wound-healing assay, Transwell assay and adhesion assay, respectively. The expression levels of p53, E-cadherin, and β-catenin activity were evaluated in untreated and treated cells. The results showed that MTA1 protein expression was significantly higher in SiHa than in HeLa, which was correlated well with the potential of migration and invasion in both cell lines. Furthermore, the cell invasion, migration and adhesion capabilities were decreased after inhibition of MTA1 expression mediated by Mta1-siRNA transfection in SiHa. However, no significant differences were found in cell apoptosis, cycle, and proliferation. In addition, E-cadherin and p53 protein levels were significantly up-regulated, while β-catenin was significantly down-regulated in SiHa transfected with the siRNA. These results demonstrated that MTA1 played an important role in the migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells. It was speculated that the decreased migration and invasion capability by inhibiting the MTA1 expression in the SiHa cell line may be mediated through the altered expression of p53, and E-cadherin/β-catenin complex. MTA1 could serve as a potential therapeutic target in cervical cancer.

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