Electron correlation effects on the femtosecond dephasing dynamics of E22 excitons in (6,5) carbon nanotubes

J R Schneck, A G Walsh, A A Green, M C Hersam, L D Ziegler, A K Swan
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A 2011 April 28, 115 (16): 3917-23
Highly nonlinear pump fluence dependence was observed in the ultrafast one-color pump-probe responses excited by 38 fs pulses resonant with the E(22) transition in a room-temperature solution of (6,5) carbon nanotubes. The differential probe transmission (ΔT/T) at the peak of the pump-probe response (τ = 20 fs) was measured for pump fluences from ∼10(13) to 10(17) photons/pulse cm(2). The onset of saturation is observed at ∼2 × 10(15) photons/pulse cm(2) (∼8 × 10(5) excitons/cm). At pump fluences >4 × 10(16) photons/pulse cm(2) (∼1.6 × 10(6) excitons/cm), ΔT/T decreases as the pump fluence increases. Analogous signal saturation behavior was observed for all measured probe delays. Despite the high exciton density at saturation, no change in the E(22) population decay rate was observed at short times (<300 fs). The pump probe signal was modeled by a third-order perturbation theory treatment that includes the effects of inhomogeneous broadening. The observed ΔT/T signal is well-fit by a pump-fluence-dependent dephasing rate linearly dependent on the number of excitons created by the pump pulse. Therefore, the observed nonlinear pump intensity dependence is attributed to the effects of quasi-elastic exciton-exciton interactions on the dephasing rates of single carbon nanotubes. The low fluence total dephasing time is 36 fs, corresponding to a homogeneous width of 36 meV (290 cm(-1)), and the derived E(22) inhomogeneous width is 68 meV (545 cm(-1)). These results are contrasted with photon-echo-derived parameters for the E(11) transition.

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