[Construction of let-7a expression plasmid and its inhibitory effect on k-Ras protein in A549 lung cancer cells]

Xiao-yan He, Jun-xia Chen, Xi Ou-Yang, Zheng Zhang, Hui-min Peng
Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University 2010, 30 (11): 2427-31

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of let-7a-mediated gene regulation in the pathogenesis of lung cancer.

METHODS: Two template DNA sequences were designed based on hsa-let-7a sequence in miRBase database. The let-7a expression construct and a control plasmid, namely pGeneil-let-7a and pGeneil-control, respectively, were generated by cloning the annealed oligonucleotides into pGenesil-1 and then transfected into A549 cells, which were selected by G418 to establish the lung cancer cell lines stably expressing let-7a-GFP and control-GFP. The living cells were counted by MTT assay and cell growth curves were drawn to analyze the cell proliferation. The k-Ras mRNA level was assessed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, and the expression of k-Ras protein was determined by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry.

RESULTS: The recombinant vectors were verified by sequencing. The cell growth curves indicated that the proliferation of the cells transfected with pGenesil- let-7a were inhibited significantly compared with that of cells transfected with pGenesil-control and A549 cells. Semi- quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that the levels of k-Ras mRNA almost remained unchanged in cells with or without the treatments. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry demonstrated a significant decrease of k-Ras protein levels in cells transfected with pGenesil-let-7a, but not in cells transfected with pGenesil-control, when compared to A549 cells.

CONCLUSION: let-7a over-expression represses the expression of k-Ras protein and significantly inhibits the growth of lung cancer cells.

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