JOURNAL ARTICLE

Optimization of automated radiosynthesis of [18F]AV-45: a new PET imaging agent for Alzheimer's disease

Yajing Liu, Lin Zhu, Karl Plössl, Seok Rye Choi, Hongwen Qiao, Xiaotao Sun, Song Li, Zhihao Zha, Hank F Kung
Nuclear Medicine and Biology 2010, 37 (8): 917-25
21055622

INTRODUCTION: Accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregates in the brain is linked to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Imaging probes targeting these Aβ aggregates in the brain may provide a useful tool to facilitate the diagnosis of AD. Recently, [(18)F]AV-45 ([(18)F]5) demonstrated high binding to the Aβ aggregates in AD patients. To improve the availability of this agent for widespread clinical application, a rapid, fully automated, high-yield, cGMP-compliant radiosynthesis was necessary for production of this probe. We report herein an optimal [(18)F]fluorination, de-protection condition and fully automated radiosynthesis of [(18)F]AV-45 ([(18)F]5) on a radiosynthesis module (BNU F-A2).

METHODS: The preparation of [(18)F]AV-45 ([(18)F]5) was evaluated under different conditions, specifically by employing different precursors (-OTs and -Br as the leaving group), reagents (K222/K(2)CO(3) vs. tributylammonium bicarbonate) and deprotection in different acids. With optimized conditions from these experiments, the automated synthesis of [(18)F]AV-45 ([(18)F]5) was accomplished by using a computer-programmed, standard operating procedure, and was purified on an on-line solid-phase cartridge (Oasis HLB).

RESULTS: The optimized reaction conditions were successfully implemented to an automated nucleophilic fluorination module. The radiochemical purity of [(18)F]AV-45 ([(18)F]5) was >95%, and the automated synthesis yield was 33.6 ± 5.2% (no decay corrected, n=4), 50.1 ± 7.9% (decay corrected) in 50 min at a quantity level of 10-100 mCi (370-3700 MBq). Autoradiography studies of [(18)F]AV-45 ([(18)F]5) using postmortem AD brain and Tg mouse brain sections in the presence of different concentration of "cold" AV-136 showed a relatively low inhibition of in vitro binding of [(18)F]AV-45 ([(18)F]5) to the Aβ plaques (IC50=1-4 μM, a concentration several order of magnitude higher than the expected pseudo carrier concentration in the brain).

CONCLUSIONS: Solid-phase extraction purification and improved labeling conditions were successfully implemented into an automated synthesis module, which is more convenient, highly efficient and simpler in operation than using a semipreparative high-performance liquid chromatography method. This new, automated procedure for preparation of [(18)F]AV-45 ([(18)F]5) is suitable for routine clinical application.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21055622
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"