Evaluation of implant position and knee alignment after patient-specific unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

Franz Xaver Koeck, Johannes Beckmann, Christian Luring, Bjoern Rath, Joachim Grifka, Erhan Basad
Knee 2011, 18 (5): 294-9
Implant positioning and knee alignment are two primary goals of successful unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. This prospective study outlines the radiographic results following 32 patient-specific unicompartmental medial resurfacing knee arthroplasties. By means of standardized pre- and postoperative radiographs of the knee in strictly AP and lateral view, AP weight bearing long leg images as well as preoperative CT-based planning drawings an analysis of implant positioning and leg axis correction was performed.The mean preoperative coronal femoro-tibial angle was corrected from 7° to 1° (p<0.001). The preoperative medial proximal tibial angle of 87° was corrected to 89° (p<0.001). The preoperative tibial slope of 5° could be maintained. The extent of the dorsal femoral cut was equivalent to the desired value of 5mm given by the CT-based planning guide. The mean accuracy of the tibial component fit was 0mm in antero-posterior and +1mm in medio-lateral projection. Patient-specific fixed bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty can restore leg axis reliably, obtain a medial proximal tibial angle of 90°, avoid an implant mal-positioning and ensure maximal tibial coverage.

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