[Addiction and recidivism in forensic psychiatry]

E F J M Brand, T P C Lucker, A A van den Hurk
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie 2009, 51 (11): 813-20

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of addiction in forensic psychiatric patients (adolescents and adults) is unknown. Published figures are nearly always based on estimates or on old or select samples.

AIM: To determine the importance of addiction as a risk factor for recidivism in forensic psychiatric patients in the Netherlands and to determine the prevalence of addiction in this group and the prevalence of drug intoxication in group-members at the time they committed the offence.

METHOD: We analysed one database relating to forensic psychiatric adolescents and two sets of data relating to tbs-patients (tbs='detained at her Majesty's pleasure').

RESULTS: The prevalence of addiction among forensic psychiatric patients could only be given approximately, but it was certainly high (more than 60%). Substance abuse or addiction often played a major role (in more than 30% of cases) at the time the offence was committed for which the detention order was issued.

CONCLUSION: Because substance abuse often played a role in the delinquent behaviour that led to the detention order, it may also be a risk factor for recidivism. More research is needed so that we can increase our knowledge about the most effective ways of treating substance abuse.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"