Is routine cervical dilatation necessary during elective caesarean section? A randomised controlled trial

Kemal Güngördük, Gokhan Yildirim, Cemal Ark
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2009, 49 (3): 263-7

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this prospective randomised study was to determine the effect of routine cervical dilatation during elective caesarean section on maternal morbidity.

METHODS: Participants with indication for elective caesarean section were randomly allocated to two groups. Group A (n = 200) women with intraoperative cervical dilatation; group B (n = 200) women with no intraoperative cervical dilatation.

RESULTS: No demographic differences were observed between groups. There was no significant difference between groups in infectious morbidity (P = 0.87) (relative risk (RR) 1.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.58-2.11), endometritis (P = 0.72) (RR 1.68, 95% CI 0.39-7.14), febrile morbidity (P = 0.66) (RR 1.21, 95% CI 0.51-2.87), wound infection (P = 0.82) (RR 1.11, 95% CI 0.44-2.81), endometritis (P = 0.72) (RR 1.68, 95% CI 0.39-7.14) or urinary tract infection (P = 1.00) (RR 1.00, 95% CI 0.28-3.50), and estimated blood loss (P = 0.2). However, group A had longer operative times compared with the group B (P = 0.01).

CONCLUSION: Intraoperative digital cervical dilatation during elective caesarean section did not reduce blood loss and postoperative infectious morbidity. The routine digital cervical dilatation during elective caesarean section is not recommended.

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