JOURNAL ARTICLE

Chronic high-dose morphine treatment promotes SH-SY5Y cell apoptosis via c-Jun N-terminal kinase-mediated activation of mitochondria-dependent pathway

Xin Lin, Yu-Jun Wang, Qing Li, Yuan-Yuan Hou, Min-Hua Hong, Ying-Lin Cao, Zhi-Qiang Chi, Jing-Gen Liu
FEBS Journal 2009, 276 (7): 2022-36
19292871
Chronic high doses of morphine inhibit the growth of various human cancer cell lines. However, the mechanisms by which such high-dose morphine inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell death are not fully understood. Here we show that c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) plays a pivotal role in high-dose morphine-induced apoptosis of SH-SY5Y cells in a mitochondria-dependent manner. Activation of JNK by morphine led to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation via the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, because the mPTP inhibitor cyclosporin A significantly inhibited ROS generation. ROS in turn exerted feedback regulation on JNK activation, as shown by the observations that cyclosporin A and the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of JNK induced by morphine. ROS-amplified JNK induced cytochrome c release and caspase-9/3 activation through enhancement of expression of the proapoptotic protein Bim and reduction of expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2. All of these effects of morphine could be suppressed by the JNK inhibitor SP600125 and N-acetylcysteine. The key role of the JNK pathway in morphine-induced apoptosis was further confirmed by the observation that decreased levels of JNK in cells transfected with specific small interfering RNA resulted in resistance to the proapoptotic effect of morphine. Thus, the present study clearly shows that morphine-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells involves JNK-dependent activation of the mitochondrial death pathway, and that ROS signaling exerts positive feedback regulation of JNK activity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19292871
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"