Hyperuricemia in acute heart failure. More than a simple spectator?

Anna L Alimonda, Julio Núñez, Eduardo Núñez, Oliver Husser, Juan Sanchis, Vicent Bodí, Gema Miñana, Rocio Robles, Luis Mainar, Pilar Merlos, Helene Darmofal, Angel Llácer
European Journal of Internal Medicine 2009, 20 (1): 74-9

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is a prevalent condition in chronic heart failure (CHF), describing increased oxidative stress and inflammation. Although there is evidence that serum uric acid (UA) predicts mortality in CHF, its role as a prognostic biomarker in acute heart failure (AHF) has not yet been well assessed. The aim of this study was to determine if UA levels predict all-cause mortality. Additionally, as a secondary endpoint we sought the clinical predictors of UA serum level in this population.

METHODS: We analyzed 560 consecutive patients with AHF admitted in a single university center. UA (mg/dl) was measured during early hospitalization. Patient survival status was followed up after discharge (median follow-up: 330 days). The independent association of UA level with all-cause mortality was analyzed using Cox regression analysis.

RESULTS: During follow-up 165 (29.5%) deaths were identified. Patients with UA levels above the median value (>or=7.7 mg/dl) exhibited higher mortality rates (21.1 vs. 37.9%; p<0.001). In multivariable analysis, after adjusting for recognized prognostic factors and potential confounders, UA>or=7.7 mg/dl and per change in 1 mg/dl of UA was associated with an increased risk of mortality (HR 1.45, CI 95%=1.03-2.44; p=0.03 and HR 1.08, CI 95%=1.01-1.15; p=0.03, respectively).

CONCLUSION: UA serum levels is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in an unselected patients admitted with AHF.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"