OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effective exon skipping and restoration of dystrophin expression by peptide nucleic acid antisense oligonucleotides in mdx mice

Haifang Yin, Qilong Lu, Matthew Wood
Molecular Therapy 2008, 16 (1): 38-45
17968354
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common and severe form of muscular dystrophy, arising from mutations in the dystrophin gene that preclude the synthesis of functional protein. Antisense oligonucleotides (AOs) have been shown to induce specific exon skipping and thereby restore the reading frame and expression of functional dystrophin. In this report, we examine the effects of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligonucleotides and PNAs conjugated with peptides including TAT, muscle-specific peptide (MSP), adeno-associated virus 6 (AAV6) functional domain (AAV6), and AAV8 functional domain (AAV8), on exon skipping in vitro and in vivo. Efficient skipping of targeted exon 23 was achieved in cultured mdx myoblasts with PNA and PNA-peptide conjugates. Furthermore, single intramuscular injections of PNA and all PNA-peptide conjugates resulted in significant numbers of dystrophin-positive fibers in the injected tibialis anterior (TA) muscles of mdx mice, with no apparent local toxicity. Similar effects of exon skipping and dystrophin expression were obtained in mice of all ages. PNA and PNA-AAV6, PNA-AAV8 conjugates induced dystrophin expression in a dose-dependent manner. Our results demonstrate that PNAs have a higher efficiency of exon skipping than 2'O methyl phosphorothioate AOs do, and have a potential use in AO chemistry for antisense therapy of DMD.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17968354
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"